1075


1075

Events

*February - Pope Gregory VII holds a council that publishes a decree against lay investiture.
* April - Pope Gregory VII publishes the "Dictatus Papae" (Sayings of the Pope, aka the Dictates of Hildebrand), in which he asserts papal authority over earthly as well as spiritual rulers.
* Revolt of the Earls: Three earls rebel against William I of England (William the Conqueror), in the last serious act of resistance to the Norman Conquest.
* First Battle of Langensalza: Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor defeats the Saxon nobles and subjugates Saxony.
* The Liao Dynasty version of the Buddhist Tripitaka is completed (approximate date).
* The Seljuk Turks take Jerusalem from the Fatimids.
* The Song Dynasty Chinese polymath scientist and statesman Shen Kuo solves a heated border dispute with the Liao Dynasty by dredging up old diplomatic records; he refutes Emperor Daozong of Liao's bluffs point for point during a meeting at Mt. Yongan (near modern Pingquan in Hebei), and reestablishes the Song's rightful borders.

Births

* Lothair II, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1137)
* Saint Magnus Erlendsson (d. 1116 or 1117)
* Adelaide del Vasto (d. April 16, 1118)
* Orderic Vitalis, monk and historian (approximate date)

Deaths

* June 10 — Ernest of Austria (b. 1027)
* December 4Anno II, archbishop of Cologne
* December 19Edith of Wessex, queen of Edward the Confessor of England
* John Xiphilinus, Byzantine historian
* Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, King of Gwynedd


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