- List of IOC country codes
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) uses three-letter abbreviation country codes to refer to each group of athletes that participate in the Olympic Games. Each code usually identifies a National Olympic Committee, but there are several codes that have been used for other instances in past Games, such as teams composed of athletes from multiple nations, or groups of athletes not formally representing any nation.
Several of the IOC codes are different from the standard ISO 3166-1 alpha-3 codes. Other sporting organisations, such as FIFA, FIBA or the Commonwealth Games Federation, use similar country codes to refer to their respective teams.
The 1956 Winter Olympics and 1960 Summer Olympics were the first Games to feature Initials of Nations to refer to each NOC in the published official reports. However, the codes used at the next few Games were often based on the host nation's language (e.g., GIA for Japan at the 1956 Winter Olympics and 1960 Summer Olympics, both held in Italy, from Italian Giappone) or based on the French name for the nation (e.g., COR for Korea, from Corée). By the 1972 Winter Olympics, most codes were standardized on the current usage, but several have changed in recent years. Additionally, the dissolution of the Soviet Union, breakup of Yugoslavia, dissolution of Czechoslovakia, German reunification, and several instances of geographical renaming have all resulted in code changes.
In addition to this list of over 200 NOCs, the participation of National Paralympic Committees (NPCs) at the Paralympic Games requires standardised IOC codes. Recent examples of these include Macau and the Faroe Islands, coded MAC and FRO respectively.
There are 204 current NOCs (National Olympic Committees) within the Olympic Movement. The following tables show the currently used code for each NOC and any different codes used in past Games, per the official reports from those Games. Some of the past code usage is further explained in the following sections. Codes used specifically for a Summer Games only or a Winter Games only, within the same year, are indicated by "S" and "W" respectively.
Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V Y Z
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used AFG  Afghanistan ALB  Albania ALG  Algeria AGR (1964), AGL (1968 S) AND  Andorra ANG  Angola ANT  Antigua and Barbuda ARG  Argentina ARM  Armenia ARU  Aruba ASA  American Samoa AUS  Australia AUT (1956 W) AUT  Austria AUS (1956 W) AZE  Azerbaijan
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used BAH  Bahamas BAN  Bangladesh BAR  Barbados BAD (1964) BDI  Burundi BEL  Belgium BEN  Benin DAY (1964), DAH (1968–1976) BER  Bermuda BHU  Bhutan BIH  Bosnia and Herzegovina BSH (1992 S) BIZ  Belize HBR (1968–1972) BLR  Belarus BOL  Bolivia BOT  Botswana BRA  Brazil BRN  Bahrain BRU  Brunei BUL  Bulgaria BUR  Burkina Faso VOL (1972–1984)
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used CAF  Central African Republic AFC (1968) CAM  Cambodia CAB (1964), KHM (1972–1976) CAN  Canada CAY  Cayman Islands CGO  Congo CHA  Chad CHD (1964) CHI  Chile CIL (1956 W, 1960 S) CHN  China CIV  Côte d'Ivoire IVC (1964), CML (1968) CMR  Cameroon COD  DR Congo COK (1968), ZAI (1972–1996) COK  Cook Islands COL  Colombia COM  Comoros CPV  Cape Verde CRC  Costa Rica COS (1964), CTC (1984 W) CRO  Croatia CUB  Cuba CYP  Cyprus CZE  Czech Republic
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used DEN  Denmark DAN (1960 S, 1968 W), DIN (1968 S) DJI  Djibouti DMA  Dominica DOM  Dominican Republic
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used ECU  Ecuador EGY  Egypt RAU (1960, 1968), UAR (1964) ERI  Eritrea ESA  El Salvador SAL (1964–1976) ESP  Spain SPA (1956–1964, 1968 W) EST  Estonia ETH  Ethiopia ETI (1960, 1968)
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used FIJ  Fiji FIG (1960) FIN  Finland FRA  France FSM  Micronesia
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used GAB  Gabon GAM  Gambia GBR  Great Britain GRB (1956 W–1960), GBI (1964) GBS  Guinea-Bissau GEO  Georgia GEQ  Equatorial Guinea GER  Germany ALL (1968 W), ALE (1968 S), FRG (1980–1988) GHA  Ghana GRE  Greece GRN  Grenada GUA  Guatemala GUT (1964) GUI  Guinea GUM  Guam GUY  Guyana GUA (1960), GUI (1964)
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used HAI  Haiti HKG  Hong Kong HOK (1960–1968) HON  Honduras HUN  Hungary UNG (1956 W, 1960 S)
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used INA  Indonesia INS (1960) IND  India IRI  Iran IRN (1956–1988), IRA (1968 W) IRL  Ireland IRQ  Iraq IRK (1960, 1968) ISL  Iceland ICE (1960 W, 1964 S) ISR  Israel ISV  Virgin Islands ITA  Italy IVB  British Virgin Islands
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used JAM  Jamaica JOR  Jordan JPN  Japan GIA (1956 W, 1960 S), JAP (1960 W)
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used KAZ  Kazakhstan KEN  Kenya KGZ  Kyrgyzstan KIR  Kiribati KOR  South Korea COR (1956 W, 1960 S, 1968 S, 1972 S) KSA  Saudi Arabia ARS (1968–1976), SAU (1980–1984) KUW  Kuwait
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used LAO  Laos LAT  Latvia LBA  Libya LYA (1964), LBY (1968 W) LBR  Liberia LCA  Saint Lucia LES  Lesotho LIB  Lebanon LEB (1960 W, 1964 S) LIE  Liechtenstein LIC (1956 W, 1964 S, 1968 W) LTU  Lithuania LIT (1992 W) LUX  Luxembourg
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used MAD  Madagascar MAG (1964) MAR  Morocco MRC (1964) MAS  Malaysia MAL (1964–1988) MAW  Malawi MDA  Moldova MLD (1994) MDV  Maldives MEX  Mexico MGL  Mongolia MON (1968 W) MHL  Marshall Islands MKD  Macedonia MLI  Mali MLT  Malta MAT (1960–1964) MNE  Montenegro MON  Monaco MOZ  Mozambique MRI  Mauritius MTN  Mauritania MYA  Myanmar BIR (1960, 1968–1988), BUR (1964)
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used NAM  Namibia NCA  Nicaragua NCG (1964), NIC (1968) NED  Netherlands OLA (1956 W), NET (1960 W), PBA (1960 S), NLD (1964 S), HOL (1968–1988) NEP  Nepal NGR  Nigeria NGA (1964) NIG  Niger NGR (1964) NOR  Norway NRU  Nauru NZL  New Zealand NZE (1960, 1968 W)
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used OMA  Oman
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used PAK  Pakistan PAN  Panama PAR  Paraguay PER  Peru PHI  Philippines FIL (1960, 1968) PLE  Palestine PLW  Palau PNG  Papua New Guinea NGY (1976–1980), NGU (1984–1988) POL  Poland POR  Portugal PRK  North Korea NKO (1964 S, 1968 W), CDN (1968) PUR  Puerto Rico PRI (1960), PRO (1968)
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used QAT  Qatar
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used ROU  Romania ROM (1956–1960, 1972–2006), RUM (1964–1968) RSA  South Africa SAF (1960–1972) RUS  Russia RWA  Rwanda
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used SAM  Samoa SEN  Senegal SGL (1964) SEY  Seychelles SIN  Singapore SKN  Saint Kitts and Nevis SLE  Sierra Leone SLA (1968) SLO  Slovenia SMR  San Marino SMA (1960–1964) SOL  Solomon Islands SOM  Somalia SRB  Serbia SRI  Sri Lanka CEY (1960–1972) STP  São Tomé and Príncipe SUD  Sudan SUI  Switzerland SVI (1956 W, 1960 S), SWI (1960 W, 1964 S) SUR  Suriname SVK  Slovakia SWE  Sweden SVE (1956 W, 1960 S), SUE (1968 S) SWZ  Swaziland SYR  Syria RAU (1960), SIR (1968)
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used TAN  Tanzania TGA  Tonga TON (1984) THA  Thailand TAI (1960, 1968) TJK  Tajikistan TKM  Turkmenistan TLS  Timor-Leste TOG  Togo TPE  Chinese Taipei RCF (1960), TWN (1964–1968), ROC (1972–1976) TRI  Trinidad and Tobago TRT (1964–1968) TUN  Tunisia TUR  Turkey TUV  Tuvalu
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used UAE  United Arab Emirates UGA  Uganda UKR  Ukraine URU  Uruguay URG (1968) USA  United States SUA (1960 S), EUA (1968 S) UZB  Uzbekistan
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used VAN  Vanuatu VEN  Venezuela VIE  Vietnam VET (1964), VNM (1968–1976) VIN  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used YEM  Yemen
Code Ref Nation (NOC) Other codes used ZAM  Zambia NRH (1964) ZIM  Zimbabwe RHO (1960–1972)
Historic NOCs and teams
Codes still in use
Twelve historical NOCs or teams have codes that are still used in the IOC results database to refer to past medal winners from these teams.
Code Nation/Team Other codes used AHO Netherlands Antilles ANZ Australasia BOH Bohemia BWI British West Indies ANT (1960, 1968), WID (1964) EUA Unified Team of Germany GER (1956–1964) EUN Unified Team FRG West Germany ALL (1968 W), ALE (1968 S), GER (1972–1976) GDR East Germany ADE (1968) SCG Serbia and Montenegro YUG (1996 S-2002 W) TCH Czechoslovakia CSL (1956 W), CZE (1960 W), CSV (1960 S), CZS (1964 S), CHE (1968 S) URS Soviet Union SOV (1968 W) YUG Yugoslavia JUG (1956–1960, 1968 W), YUS (1964 S) ZZX Mixed teams
Code Nation (NOC) Years Notes BIR Burma 1948–1988 Now Myanmar (MYA) CEY Ceylon 1948–1972 Now Sri Lanka (SRI) DAH Dahomey 1964–1976 Now Benin (BEN) HBR British Honduras 1968–1972 Now Belize (BIZ) KHM Khmer Republic 1972–1976 Now Cambodia (CAM) MAL Malaya 1956–1960 Competed independently prior to the formation of Malaysia in 1963.
Now Malaysia (MAS)
— North Borneo 1956 NRH Northern Rhodesia 1964 Now Zambia (ZAM) RAU United Arab Republic 1960 Now Egypt (EGY)
and Syria (SYR)
RHO Rhodesia 1960–1972 Now Zimbabwe (ZIM) ROC Republic of China 1932–1976 Now competing under the name ' Chinese Taipei (TPE)' UAR United Arab Republic 1964 Now Egypt (EGY) VOL Upper Volta 1972–1984 Now Burkina Faso (BUR) YAR North Yemen 1984–1988 Competed independently prior to Yemenite unification in 1990.
Now Yemen (YEM)
YMD South Yemen 1988 ZAI Zaire 1972–1996 Now DR Congo (COD) — British Guiana 1948–1964 Now Guyana (GUY) — Gold Coast 1952 Now Ghana (GHA) — Saar 1952 Competed independently prior to rejoining West Germany in 1957.
Two other significant code changes have occurred, both because of a change in the nation's designation as used by the IOC:
- HOL was changed to NED for the Netherlands for the 1992 Games, reflecting the change in designation from Holland.
- IRN was changed to IRI for Iran for the 1992 Games, reflecting the change in designation to Islamic Republic of Iran.
- ANZ is now used in the IOC's medal database to identify the team from Australasia, composed of athletes from both Australia and New Zealand for the 1908 and 1912 Games. By 1920, both nations competed separately.
- EUA is now used in the IOC's medal database to identify the Unified Team of Germany, composed of athletes representing the NOCs of both East Germany and West Germany for the 1956–1964 Games. At the time, the team was simply known as Germany in the official reports for those six Games.
- EUN was used in 1992 (both Summer and Winter Games) for the Unified Team, composed of athletes from most of the ex-republics of the Soviet Union. Only the Baltic states were able to compete as independent teams in 1992; the other twelve new nations competed independently for the first time in 1994 and/or 1996.
- IOP was used for Independent Olympic Participants in 1992, a designation used for athletes from Yugoslavia who could not compete as a team due to United Nations sanctions.
- IOA was used for Individual Olympic Athletes in 2000, a designation used for athletes from Timor-Leste prior to the formation of its NOC.
- IOC was used as the country code for Athletes from Kuwait at the 2010 Asian Games, as the Kuwait Olympic Committee was suspended.
- ZZX is used to identify medals won by mixed teams of athletes from multiple nations (such as the combination of France and Great Britain, for example), a situation that happened several times in the Games of 1896, 1900, and 1904.
- Comparison of IOC, FIFA, and ISO 3166 country codes
- List of FIFA country codes
- Lists of National Olympic Committees by continental association:
- Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa
- European Olympic Committees
- Oceania National Olympic Committees
- Olympic Council of Asia
- Pan American Sports Organization
- List of participating nations at the Summer Olympic Games
- List of participating nations at the Winter Olympic Games
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- ^ Faroe IslandsMacau, China
- ^ Official name given to the Republic of China for Olympic competition
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