Gelada

Taxobox
name = GeladaMSW3 Groves|pages=167]
status = LC
status_system = iucn3.1
status_ref = IUCN2006 | assessors = Primate Specialist Group | year = 1996 | title = Theropithecus gelada | id = 21744 | downloaded = 2006-05-11]
trend = unknown



image_width = 250px
image_caption = A male Gelada
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
ordo = Primates
familia = Cercopithecidae
genus = "Theropithecus"
genus_authority = I. Geoffroy, 1843
species = "T. gelada"
binomial = "Theropithecus gelada"
binomial_authority = (Rüppell, 1835)

The Gelada ("Theropithecus gelada"), sometimes called the Gelada Baboon, is a species of Old World monkey found only in the Ethiopian Highlands, with large populations in the Semien Mountains. "Theropithecus" is derived from the Greek root words for "beast-ape." [cite web |url=http://www.phthiraptera.org/Classical%20Roots/classical_P.html |title=Classic Roots P |accessdate=2006-12-26 |format=HTML |work=PHTHIRAPTERA CENTRAL |quote=thero (G) - A wild beast; summer; hunt for ] [cite web |url=http://www.phthiraptera.org/Classical%20Roots/classical_T.html |title=Classic Roots T |accessdate=2006-12-26 |format=HTML |work=PHTHIRAPTERA CENTRAL |quote=pithec, -o, -us (G) - An ape ] Like its close relatives the baboons (genus "Papio"), it is largely terrestrial, spending much of its time foraging in grasslands. Since 1979 it has been customary to place the Gelada in its own particular genus ("Theropithecus"), though some genetic research suggests that this monkey should, in fact, be grouped with its papionine kin;cite journal | author = Goodman, M., "et al." | year = 1998 | title = Toward a phylogenetic classification of Primates based on DNA evidence complemented by fossil evidence | journal = Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution | volume = 9 | pages = 585–598 | doi = 10.1006/mpev.1998.0495] other researchers have classified this species even farther distant from "Papio".cite book | author = McKenna, M.C., Bell, S.K. | title = Classification of mammals above the species level | publisher = Columbia University Press | year = 1997 | location = New York | pages = 631 pp] While "Theropithecus gelada" is the only living species of its genus, at least two separate larger species are known from the fossil record: "T. brumpti" and "T. oswaldi", formerly classified under the generic name of "Simopithecus".fact|date = October 2007 "Theropithecus", while restricted at present to Ethiopia, is also known from fossil specimens found in Africa and the Mediterranean into Asia, including South Africa, Malawi, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania, Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Algeria, Morocco, Spain, and India.

Appearance

"Theropithecus gelada" can be physically distinguished from baboons by the bright patch of skin on its chest. This patch is hourglass-shaped, and on males, bright red and surrounded by white hair. On females the patch is far less pronounced. However, when in oestrus, the female's patch will brighten, and a "necklace" of fluid-filled blisters forms on the patch. This is thought to be analogous to the swollen buttocks common to most baboons experiencing oestrus. This modification likely came about due to the Gelada's unique mode of feeding - it spends most of its waking hours grazing from an upright sitting position, rump hidden beneath and so unavailable for display. The male Gelada's tail is about as long as the body and densely tufted at the tip; it also has a long and flowing mantle and mane.

The Gelada lives in small harems consisting of one male, several females, and their offspring. These smaller bands often join together to feed, forming groups of upwards of 350 individual monkeys. At especially good feeding spots, groups in excess of 670 individuals have been observed.

Diet

The Gelada is exclusively herbivorous but is specialised as a grass-eater, consuming every part of the plant (but favouring one part over the others depending upon season), from green blades (in the wet season) to seeds to rhizomes (in the dry season) to stalks, flowers, and fruits. It has the most opposable thumb of any of the catarrhine primates (not including humans), allowing it to pick apart grasses with great dexterity to select the most nourishing meal. It is one of the only true grazing monkeys.cite web | last = Hiller | first = C. | year = 2000 | url = http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Theropithecus_gelada.html | title = "Theropithecus gelada" (On-line) | accessdate = 2006-12-23 | work = Animal Diversity Web]

Endangered

Although not listed as endangered, only 50,000-60,000 Geladas are known to exist. Hunting and habitat destruction have forced the Gelada into areas formerly inhabited only by the Olive Baboon, and hybridisation between the two species has been observed.

There are two subspecies of Gelada:
* "Theropithecus gelada gelada"
* Eastern Gelada, "Theropithecus gelada obscurus"

References

External links

* ARKive - [http://www.arkive.org/species/GES/mammals/Theropithecus_gelada/ Images of the gelada "(Theropithecus gelada)"]
* [http://pin.primate.wisc.edu/factsheets/entry/gelada_baboon Primate Info Net "Theropithecus gelada" Factsheet]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gelada — Gélada Gélada …   Wikipédia en Français

  • gelada — statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Theropithecus gelada angl. gelada; gelada baboon vok. Blutbrustpavian; Dschelada; Hundsaffe rus. гелада pranc. gélada; théropithèque gélada ryšiai: platesnis terminas – …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • gelada — [jel′ə də, jə lä′də] n. [ModL, the species name; of Sem orig.] an Ethiopian baboon (Theropithecus gelada) characterized by a bare red patch on the chest: also gelada baboon …   English World dictionary

  • Gelada — Gel a*da, n. (Zo[ o]l.) A baboon ({Gelada Ruppelli}) of Abyssinia, remarkable for the length of the hair on the neck and shoulders of the adult male. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gelada — (Hohinasiger Pavian, Cynocephalus Gelada Rüpp.), in Abyssinien, 3 Fuß 21/2 Zoll lang, mit einem 21/2 Zoll langen Schwanze; seine Farbe ist schwarzbraun u. die Oberlippe ist aufgetrieben …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • gélada — ● gélada nom masculin Grand singe cercopithèque des régions montagneuses de l Éthiopie, proche des babouins, portant au cou et sur la poitrine des plages de peau nue et rouge. gelada [ʒelada] n. m. ÉTYM. 1908; orig. inconnue. ❖ ♦ Singe voisin des …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gelada — Gelada,   eine Affenart (Dschelada) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • gelada — s. f. 1. Geada. 2. Verdura coberta de geada. 3.  [Botânica] Gênero de plantas, também conhecido por erva do orvalho. • s. m. 4.  [Zoologia] Gênero de macacos cinocéfalos …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Gélada — Géla …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gelada — Dschelada Dschelada (Theropithecus gelada) Systematik Teilordnung: Altweltaffen (Catarrhini) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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