- Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
Maurice Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel Portrait of Maurice of Hesse-Kassel from the work Theatrum Europaeum (1662). Spouse(s) Agnes of Solms-Laubach
Countess Juliane of Nassau-Dillenburg
Issue Otto, Hereditary Prince
William V, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
Agnes, Princess of Anhalt-Dessau
Herman, Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg
Sofie, Countess of Schaumburg-Lippe
Friedrich, Landgrave of Hesse-Eschwege
Ernest, Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels
The Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel Noble family House of Hesse-Kassel Father William IV, Landgrave of Hesse Mother Sabine of Württemberg Born 25 May 1572 Died 15 March 1632
Maurice of Hesse-Kassel (German: Moritz) (25 May 1572 – 15 March 1632), also called Maurice the Learned, was the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) in the Holy Roman Empire from 1592 to 1627.
Although Maurice had been raised in the Lutheran faith, he converted to Calvinism in 1605. On the principle Cuius regio eius religio, Maurice's subjects were also required to convert to Calvinism. Maurice's conversion was controversial since the Peace of Augsburg had only settled religious matters betweens Roman Catholics and Lutherans and had not considered Calvinists. Maurice tried to introduce Calvinism to the lands which he had inherited from the extinct Hesse-Marburg branch of his family. Such a change of faith was contrary to the inheritance rules and resulted in an ongoing conflict with the Hesse-Darmstadt branch. It also brought him into conflict with the Holy Roman Emperor, Matthias.
Maurice's actions ruined Hesse-Kassel financially. In 1627 he abdicated in favour of his son William V. Maurice died in Eschwege. He was an expert composer and serious musician. He discovered and supported Heinrich Schütz and employed John Dowland.
Marriages and issue
On 23 September 1593, Maurice married Agnes of Solms-Laubach (1578-23 November 1602). They had six children.
- Otto (24 December 1594-7 August 1617)
- Elisabeth (24 March 1596-16 December 1625)
- Child (24 January 1597)
- Child (August 1599)
- Maurice (14 July 1600-11 August 1612)
- William V (13 February 1602-21 September 1637).
On 22 May 1603, Maurice married Countess Juliane of Nassau-Dillenburg (3 September 1587-15 February 1643). They had 14 children.
- Philipp (26 November 1604-17 June 1626)
- Agnes (13 May 1606-28 May 1650), married John Casimir, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau
- Herman (15 August 1607-25 March 1658)
- Juliane (7 October 1608-11 December 1628)
- Sabine (5 July 1610-21 May 1620)
- Magdalene (25 August 1611-12 February 1671)
- Maurice (13 June 1614-16 February 1633)
- Sofie (12 September 1615-22 November 1670) married Philip, Count of Schaumburg-Lippe
- Friedrich (9 May 1617-24 September 1655)
- Christian (5 February 1622-14 November 1640)
- Ernest (17 December 1623-12 May 1693)
- Christine (9 July 1625-25 July 1626)
- Philipp (28 September 1626-8 July 1629)
- Elisabeth (23 October 1628-10 February 1633)
16. Louis II, Landgrave of Lower Hesse 8. William II, Landgrave of Hesse 17. Mechthild of Württemberg 4. Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse 18. Magnus II, Duke of Mecklenburg 9. Anna of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 19. Sophia of Pomerania-Stettin 2. William IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel 20. Albert III, Duke of Saxony 10. George, Duke of Saxony 21. Sidonie of Poděbrady 5. Christine of Saxony 22. Casimir IV Jagiellon 11. Barbara Jagiellon 23. Elisabeth of Austria 1. Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel 24. Henry, Count of Württemberg 12. Ulrich, Duke of Württemberg 25. Elisabeth of Zweibrücken-Bitsch 6. Christoph, Duke of Württemberg 26. Albert IV, Duke of Bavaria 13. Sabina of Bavaria 27. Kunigunde of Austria 3. Sabine of Württemberg 28. Frederick I of Brandenburg-Ansbach 14. Georg of Brandenburg-Ansbach 29. Sophia of Poland 7. Anna Maria of Brandenburg-Ansbach 30. Charles I, Duke of Münsterberg-Oels 15. Hedwig of Münsterberg-Oels 31. Anna of Sagan
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Anonymous (1911). "Hess-Cassel". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 410. http://www.archive.org/stream/encyclopaediabrit13chisrich#page/410/mode/1up.
Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel — Charles I Landgrave of Hesse Kassel Spouse Maria Amalia of Courland Issue Wilhelm Karl Frederick I of Sweden Christian … Wikipedia
William V, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel — William ( de. Wilhelm; February 13 1602 ndash; September 21 1637) was the Landgrave of Hesse Kassel in the Holy Roman Empire from 1627 to 1637.William was born in Kassel as the son of Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse Kassel, and of his wife Agnes of… … Wikipedia
William IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel — Infobox Person name = William IV, Landgrave of Hesse Kassel image size = 200px caption = birth date = 24 June 1532 birth place = Kassel, Germany death date = 25 August 1592 death place = education = occupation = title = spouse = parents =… … Wikipedia
Hesse-Kassel — Infobox Former Country native name = Landgrafschaft Hessen Kassel Kurfürstentum Hessen conventional long name = Landgraviate of Hesse Kassel Electorate of Hesse common name = Hesse Kassel continent = Europe region = Germany country = Germany… … Wikipedia
Landgravine Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel — Charlotte of Hesse Kassel Electress Palatine Charlotte at the time of her marriage in 1650, unknown artist Spouse Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine … Wikipedia
Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel — Queen Charlotte Amalie. Charlotte Amalie of Hesse Kassel (27 April 1650 – 27 March 1714) was queen consort of Denmark and Norway, being the wife of King Christian V. Contents … Wikipedia
Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel — Charles Charles of Hesse Spouse Princess Louise of Denmark Issue Marie Sophie, Queen of Denmark and Norway Wilhelm, Prince of Hesse Prince Frederik of Hesse Juliane, Princess of Hesse … Wikipedia
William VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel — William VIII (March 10, 1682 February 1, 1760) was Landgrave of Hesse Kassel from 1751 until his death.Born in Kassel, he was the seventh son of Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse Kassel. After his elder brother Frederick became King of Sweden in 1720 … Wikipedia
Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel — Marie Louise of Hesse Kassel Princess consort of Orange A portrait of Marie Louise, c. 1710. Painted by Louis Volders. Spouse John William Friso, Prince of Orange Issue Amalia, Hereditary Princess of Baden Durlach … Wikipedia
Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Cassel — Frederick II ( de. Landgrafen Friedrich II von Hessen Kassel; 14 August 1720 ndash; 31 October 1785) was Landgrave of Hesse Kassel (or Hesse Cassel) from 1760 to 1785.Frederick was born at Kassel in Hesse, the son of William VIII, Landgrave of… … Wikipedia