Budd Schulberg

Infobox actor
name = Budd Schulberg



caption =
birthname = Budd Wilson Schulberg
birthdate = birth date and age|1914|3|27
birthplace = New York City, New York, USA
deathdate =
deathplace =
occupation = Writer, Screenwriter
spouses = Virginia Ray (1936-1942)
Virginia Anderson (1943-1964)
Geraldine Brooks (1964-1977)
Betsy Ann Langman (1978-present)
yearsactive = 1937-1982
academyawards = Best Story and Screenplay
1954 "On the Waterfront"
awards = WGA Award - Best Written America Drama
1954 "On the Waterfront"

Budd Schulberg (born March 27 1914, in New York City, New York) is an American screenwriter and novelist.

Born Seymour Wilson Schulberg, he was Hollywood "royalty", the son of B.P. Schulberg, head of Paramount Pictures and Adeline Jafee-Schulberg, sister to agent/film producer Sam Jaffe. Budd Schulberg is best known for his 1941 novel, "What Makes Sammy Run", his 1947 novel "The Harder They Fall", his 1954 Academy-award-winning screenplay for "On the Waterfront", and his 1957 screenplay "A Face in the Crowd".

Schulberg attended Deerfield Academy and then went on to Dartmouth College, where he was actively involved in the "Dartmouth Jack-O-Lantern" humor magazine. In 1939 he collaborated on the screenplay for "Winter Carnival", a light comedy set at Dartmouth. One of his collaborators was F. Scott Fitzgerald, who was fired because of his alcoholic binge during a visit with Schulberg to Dartmouth. [ [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9806E1D7173BF934A35751C0A9659C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all "The New York Times"] "Lost Weekend: F. Scott and Budd Go to Dartmouth," February 7, 2003] Dartmouth College awarded Schulberg an honorary degree in 1960.

While serving in the Navy during World War II, Schulberg was assigned to the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), working with John Ford's documentary unit. Following VE Day, he was among the first American servicemen to liberate the Nazi-run concentration camps. [ [http://www.laweekly.com/columns/a-considerable-town/a-face-in-the-in-crowd/13933/ "LA Weekly"] , "A Face in the Crowd," July 5, 2006] He was involved in gathering evidence against war criminals for the Nuremberg Trials, an assignment that included arresting documentary film maker Leni Riefenstahl at her chalet in Kitzbühel, Austria, ostensibly to have her identify the faces of Nazi war criminals in German film footage captured by the Allied troops. [ [http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/11/28/AR2005112802026.html "The Washington Post"] , "Art of Justice: The Filmmakers At Nuremberg," November 29, 2005]

In 1950 Schulberg published a novel, "The Disenchanted", about a young screenwriter who collaborates on a screenplay about a college winter festival with a famous novelist at the nadir of his career. The novelist (who at the time was assumed by reviewers to be a thinly disguised portrait of Fitzgerald, dead ten years earlier) is portrayed as a tragic and flawed figure, with whom the young screenwriter becomes disillusioned. According to the New York Times, it was the tenth bestselling novel in the United States in 1950. "The Disenchanted" was adapted as a Broadway play in 1958 starring Jason Robards, Jr. (who won a Tony Award for his performance) and George Grizzard as the character loosely based on Schulberg. Also in 1958, he wrote and co-produced (with his younger brother Stuart) the film "Wind Across the Everglades", directed by Nicholas Ray.

Schulberg encountered political controversy in 1951 when screenwriter Richard Collins, testifying to the House Un-American Activities Committee, named Schulberg as a former member of the Communist Party. [Joyce, Gare (2004) "Why Budd Schulberg is Unrepentant." Walrus Magazine. [http://www.walrusmagazine.com/article.pl?sid=04/04/27/191234] ] Schulberg immediately volunteered to testify and appeared as a friendly witness. He testified that Party members had sought to influence the content of "What Makes Sammy Run" and "named names" of other alleged Hollywood communists. [Trussell, C. P. (1951) "Schulberg Tells of Red Dictation: Move To Control His Writing Cause Him to Leave Party, Novelist Says in Inquiry," The New York Times, May 24, 1951, p. 16. Schulberg "testified voluntarily before [HUAC] today that he became a Communist during the late Nineteen Thirties but quit the party when it tried to dictate what he should write." He named John Howard Lawson, one of the Hollywood Ten, as trying to pressure him to write under part guidance, and "named names" of Waldo Salt, Ring Lardner Jr., Lester Cole, John Bright, Paul Jarrico, Gordon Kahn, writers; Herbert Biberman, director; and Meta Reis Rosenberg, agent.]

In 1965, after a devastating riot had ripped apart the fabric of the Watts community in Los Angeles, Schulberg formed the Watts Writers Workshop as an attempt to ameliorate frustrations and bring artistic training to the economically impoverished district.

He is married to his fourth wife, Betsey, and has two children, Benn and Jessica. He resides in Westhampton, Long Island, New York. His niece Sandra Schulberg was an executive producer of the Academy Award nominated film "Quills", among other movies.

References

External links

* [http://zakka.dk/euroscreenwriters/interviews/budd_schulberg_533.htm Interview with Schulberg from 1998] about 'On the Waterfront'
*
*imdb name| id=0775977 | name=Budd Schulberg
* [http://www.fordham.edu/Campus_Resources/Public_Affairs/Inside_Fordham/Inside_Fordham_Archi/May_2003/News/The_Priest_Who_Made__11100.asp The Priest Who Made Budd Schulberg Run: "On the Waterfront" and Jesuit Social Action, Inside Fordham Online, May 2003]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Budd Schulberg — (2007) Seymour Wilson „Budd“ Schulberg (* 27. März 1914 in New York City; † 5. August 2009 in Westhampton Beach, Suffolk County, Long Island) war ein US amerikanischer Schriftsteller und Drehbuchautor. Budd Schulberg wurde in eine Filmfamilie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • SCHULBERG, BUDD WILSON — (1914– ), U.S. author. Born in New York, Schulberg was for some time, like his father, a Hollywood screenwriter. His first and best known novel, What Makes Sammy Run? (1941), is largely a description of a ruthless Jewish success hunter in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Schulberg — is a surname, and may refer to:* B. P. Schulberg (1892 1957), pioneer film producer and movie studio executive * Budd Schulberg (born 1914), American screenwriter and novelist …   Wikipedia

  • Schulberg — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: B. P. Schulberg (1892–1957), US amerikanischer Filmproduzent Budd Schulberg (1914–2009), US amerikanischer Schriftsteller und Drehbuchautor Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Schulberg —   [ ʃuːlbəːg], Budd Wilson, amerikanischer Schriftsteller, * New York 27. 3. 1914; war zunächst erfolgreicher Drehbuchautor in Hollywood; wurde durch den Roman »What makes Sammy run?« (1941; deutsch »Lauf, Sammy!«) bekannt, der wie die folgenden… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Schulberg, Budd — ▪ American screenwriter, novelist, journalist in full  Budd Wilson Schulberg  born March 27, 1914, New York City, N.Y., U.S.       American novelist, screenwriter, and journalist.       The son of the Hollywood motion picture producer Benjamin… …   Universalium

  • Schulberg, Budd —  (1914–) American screenwriter. Note unusual spelling of Budd …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Schulberg — /shool beuhrg/, n. Budd /bud/, born 1914, U.S. novelist, short story writer, and scenarist. * * * …   Universalium

  • Schulberg — /shool beuhrg/, n. Budd /bud/, born 1914, U.S. novelist, short story writer, and scenarist …   Useful english dictionary


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