Flotta

Infobox Scottish island |



GridReference=ND352938
celtic name=NA
norse name=Flottey/Flatey
meaning of name=Either "float island", or "flat island" (Norse)
area=876 ha
area rank=56
highest elevation=West Hill 58 m
Population=81
population rank= 48
main settlement=
island group=Orkney
local authority=Orkney Islands
references= [2001 UK Census per List of islands of Scotland] Haswell-Smith] [ [http://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/ Ordnance Survey] ] [Anderson, Joseph (Ed.) (1893) "Orkneyinga Saga". Translated by Jón A. Hjaltalin & Gilbert Goudie. Edinburgh. James Thin and Mercat Press (1990 reprint). ISBN 0-901824-25-9] Pedersen, Roy (January 1992) "Orkneyjar ok Katanes" (map, Inverness, Nevis Print)]

Flotta is a small island in Orkney, Scotland, lying in Scapa Flow. The island is known for its large oil terminal and is linked by Orkney Ferries to Houton on the Orkney Mainland and Lyness and Longhope on Hoy.

At the turn of the 20th century, the island was a quiet rural community like many other small islands of Orkney, but its sheltered location led to three major upheavals in the island in the century.

During World War I, the island was home to a naval base. The dreadnought HMS "Vanguard" sank nearby in 1917, reputedly the worst maritime disaster in UK waters. In WW2, the island was again used as a military base.

In 1974, Occidental Petroleum started construction of the island's oil terminal. This became second largest major oil terminal serving the UK North Sea, the largest being Sullom Voe. It provides the landing for the Piper and Claymore fields pipeline system. In addition, it provides a safe facility for the receipt and trans-shipment of oil produced from the UK Atlantic margins.

References

External links

* [http://www.flottawebguide.co.uk/index.htm Flotta web guide]


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