Infobox Scottish island |

celtic name=NA
norse name=Flottey/Flatey
meaning of name=Either "float island", or "flat island" (Norse)
area=876 ha
area rank=56
highest elevation=West Hill 58 m
population rank= 48
main settlement=
island group=Orkney
local authority=Orkney Islands
references= [2001 UK Census per List of islands of Scotland] Haswell-Smith] [ [http://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/ Ordnance Survey] ] [Anderson, Joseph (Ed.) (1893) "Orkneyinga Saga". Translated by Jón A. Hjaltalin & Gilbert Goudie. Edinburgh. James Thin and Mercat Press (1990 reprint). ISBN 0-901824-25-9] Pedersen, Roy (January 1992) "Orkneyjar ok Katanes" (map, Inverness, Nevis Print)]

Flotta is a small island in Orkney, Scotland, lying in Scapa Flow. The island is known for its large oil terminal and is linked by Orkney Ferries to Houton on the Orkney Mainland and Lyness and Longhope on Hoy.

At the turn of the 20th century, the island was a quiet rural community like many other small islands of Orkney, but its sheltered location led to three major upheavals in the island in the century.

During World War I, the island was home to a naval base. The dreadnought HMS "Vanguard" sank nearby in 1917, reputedly the worst maritime disaster in UK waters. In WW2, the island was again used as a military base.

In 1974, Occidental Petroleum started construction of the island's oil terminal. This became second largest major oil terminal serving the UK North Sea, the largest being Sullom Voe. It provides the landing for the Piper and Claymore fields pipeline system. In addition, it provides a safe facility for the receipt and trans-shipment of oil produced from the UK Atlantic margins.


External links

* [http://www.flottawebguide.co.uk/index.htm Flotta web guide]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Flotta — Image satellite de Flotta (en forme de « C »). Géographie Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Flotta — Ortschaft Whome auf Flotta Gewässer Nordsee Inselgruppe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Flotta — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Flotta es una isla perteneciente al grupo sur del archipiélago de las Órcadas, en Escocia. Es conocida por su gran terminal petrolero. La isla se une por ferry a través de Scapa Flow con Mainland y Lyness y Longhope… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Flotta —    FLOTTA, in the county of Orkney.    See Walls and Flotta …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • flotta — / flɔt:a/ s.f. [dal fr. flotte, attrav. lo sp. flota ]. (marin.) [insieme delle unità appartenenti a uno stato o a una società di navigazione] ▶◀ flottiglia, naviglio …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • flotta — flòt·ta s.f. AU 1. insieme delle navi da guerra, da trasporto o mercantili appartenenti a uno Stato o a una compagnia di navigazione: flotta italiana, francese, da guerra, mercantile, la flotta Costa 2. insieme numeroso di navi, spec. da guerra:… …   Dizionario italiano

  • flotta — {{hw}}{{flotta}}{{/hw}}s. f. Insieme delle navi da guerra o da traffico appartenenti a uno Stato o a una compagnia di navigazione | (est.) Flotta aerea, complesso degli aerei militari di uno Stato o di quelli civili di una società: la flotta… …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • Flotta — Sp Flotà Ap Flotta L s. Orknio ss., D. Britanija (Škotija) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • flotta — I s ( n, flottor) stor mängd (krigs)fartyg II v ( de, t) flotta ner , fläcka med fett III v ( de, t) transportera i rinnande vatten, forsla …   Clue 9 Svensk Ordbok

  • flotta — flotta1 pl.f. flotte flotta2 pl.f. flotte …   Dizionario dei sinonimi e contrari

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.