Koryak Okrug ( _ru. Коря́кский о́круг, "Koryaksky okrug"; Koryak: Чав’чываокруг), or Koryakia, is an administrative division of
Kamchatka Krai, Russia. [http://base.consultant.ru/cons/cgi/online.cgi?req=doc;base=LAW;n=61449;div=LAW;ref=s _ru. Федеральный конституционный закон №2-ФКЗ от 12 июля 2006 года "Об образовании в составе Российской Федерации нового субъекта Российской Федерации в результате объединения Камчатской области и Корякского автономного округа"] . Статья 5. (Federal Constitutional Law #2-FKZ of July 12, 2006"On Creation of a New Federal Subject Within the Russian Federation as a Result of the Merger of Kamchatka Oblast and Koryak Autonomous Okrug". Article 5) ru icon] It was a federal subject of Russia(an autonomous okrugof Kamchatka Oblast) from 1931 [Chaussonnet, p.29] until July 1, 2007, when it merged with Kamchatka Oblast. Prior to the merger, it was called Koryak Autonomous Okrug ( _ru. Коря́кский автоно́мный о́круг).
With a population of 25,157 (2002 Census), about a quarter of them
Koryaks, it had the smallest population of all Russian federal subjects, despite being ranked 17th in size, at 301,500 km², encompassing part of the northern half of Kamchatka Peninsula.
urban-type settlementof Palanawas the administrative center of Koryakia
The population was 25,157 according to the 2002 Census and was estimated to be 23,800 in 2005.
"Vital statistics" (2005):
*Births: 294 (birth rate 12.5)
*Deaths: 466 (death rate 19.8)
About 40% of the total population is indigenous, the 6,710
Koryaksbeing the largest such group. They are, however, outnumbered by the 12,719 ethnic Russians. According to the 2002 Census the ‘national composition’ was • Russian 50.56% • Koryak 26.67% • Chukchi 5.61% • Itelmen 4.69% • Ukrainian 4.09% • Even 2.99% • Tatar 0.86% • Belarusians0.56% • Kamchadal0.53% • and a few other groups of less than one hundred persons each. In addition 0.76% of the inhabitants declined to state their nationality on the census questionnaire. [cite paper|url=http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/English/4-2.xls |title=National Composition of Population for Regions of the Russian Federation |accessdate=2006-07-20 |format=XLS |publisher=2002 Russian All-Population Census |date=2002]
Historical figures are shown below:
April 20, 2006, Russia's Kamchatka Peninsulawas struck by a major earthquake. The 7.7-magnitude tremblor had its epicenter near the village of Tilichiki. The Koryakia branch of the Russian Office of Emergency Situationssaid some area residents were injured but there were no fatalities.
The quake occurred at about noon local time Friday, so residents were awake and not caught in their beds.
United States Geological Surveyreported a series of at least fifty smaller aftershocks in the area and immediately offshore. They ranged from 4.1 to 6.5 magnitudes on the Richter scale.
Bruce Presgrave, a geophysicist with the U.S.G.S. in
Colorado, said the quake was relatively shallow. He estimated that about 2,000 people live close enough to the epicenter to have felt its full force.
*Chaussonnet, Valerie (1995) "Native Cultures of Alaska and Siberia. Arctic Studies Center". Washington, D.C. 112p. ISBN 1560986611
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