- Kursk Oblast
Infobox Russian federal subject
Coat of arms of Kursk Oblast
Flag of Kursk Oblast
June 13, 1934
PoliticalStatusLink=Oblasts of Russia
EconomicRegion= Central Black Earth
PrimeTitle=First Deputy Governor
Charter of Kursk Oblast
The oblast occupies the southern slopes of the middle-Russian plateau, and its average elevation is from 177 to 225 meters (580–738 ft). The surface is hilly, and intersected by
ravines. The central part of Kursk oblast is more elevated than the Seym Valleyto the west. The Timsko-Shchigrinsky ridge contains the highest point in the oblast at m to ft|288 above the sea level. The low relief, gentler slopes, and mild winter make the area suitable for farming, and much of the forest has been cleared.
chernozemsoils cover around 70% of the oblast's territory; podsolsoils cover 26%.
Bryansk Oblast(NW) (border line length: 120 km), Oryol Oblast(N, 325 km), Lipetsk Oblast(NE, 65 km), Voronezh Oblast(E, 145 km), Belgorod Oblast(S, 335 km)
Sumy Oblastof Ukraine(W, 245 km)
*"highest point": 288 m
Kursk Oblast contributes to two major drainage areas—the
Dnieper Riverand the Don River (78% and 22% respectively). There are 902 rivers and streams in the oblast, with their total length of approximately km to mi|8000|precision=-2. Major rivers are the Seym and the Psyol.
The inland waters of Kursk oblast consist of 145 artificial lakes and about 550 small ponds.
Kursk Oblast is one of the nation's major producers of
iron ore. The area of Kursk Magnetic Anomalyhas one of the richest iron ore deposits in the world. Also, rare-earth and base metals occur in commercial quantities in several locations. Refractory loam, mineral sands, and chalkare quarried and processed in the region. Oblast's sufficient reserves of artesian well water are proving useful for medical purposes.
Kursk Oblast's location at the center of the European part of Russia gives the region a medium continental
climate: warm summers and relatively mild winters. In July, the average daytime high temperature is C to F|19.3. In January the average high is C to F|-8.6. The average number of frost-free days ranges from 150 in the north to 160 in the south. The growing season in Kursk Oblast varies, from 180 days in the north to 195 days in the southwest. The average annual precipitation for the oblast is 584 mm (23 in), but it ranges from 634 mm (25 in) in the northwest, to about 500 mm (20 in) or less in the southeastern corner. The maximum of the rain falls during June and July. The snow depth in Kursk Oblast differs considerably, from 300–400 mm (12–16 in) in the north of the oblast, to 150–250 mm (6–10 in) in the south. Annual sunshine is 1,775 hours.
Flora and fauna
Kursk Oblast is a part of the Eastern European forest-steppe. One-quarter of Kursk oblast was once heavily wooded. Hardwood timbers included
oak, ash, and elm. Now forests cover only 10% of the oblast. Animals native to the area are numerous. Pike, bleak, and perchare abundant in local rivers. Otterand badger, as well as wild boar, red deer, and Roe Deerremain numerous in many parts of the area.
Kursk Oblast is one of the most ethnically homogeneous regions in Russia. The population is about 96%
Russians. Ukrainians, the largest minority group, make less than 2% of population. The annual growth rate of the Oblast's population is negative; death rate exceeds overall birth rates and immigration.
*Population: 1,235,091 (2002 Census)
**"Urban": 756,480 (61.2%)
**"Rural": 478,611 (38.8%)
**"Male": 564,321 (45.7%)
**"Female": 670,770 (54.3%)
*"Females per 1,000 males": 1,189
*Number of households: 462,607
**"Urban": 273,674 (59.2%)
**"Rural": 188,933 (40.8%)
Although territory of Kursk Oblast had been populated since the end of the last
Ice Age, information about the area was scanty until 1596 when the Kursk strongholdwas built. A real growth of the area around Kursk began soon after that, with a large migration from Central Russia after famine in the beginning of the 17th century. Between 1708 and 1719, Kursk was a part of the newly created Kiev Governorate. From 1719 to 1727 it was a part of Belgorodprovince of Kiev Governorate. Later Kursk uyezdwas a part of Belgorod Governorate. On May 23, 1779, Kursk Governoratewas established. The latter subdivision existed until 1928, when the territory of Kursk Governorate became a part of Central Chernozem Oblast. As Central Chernozem Oblast was very large its administration was very difficult, on June 13, 1934it was divided into two oblasts: Kursk Oblast and Voronezh Oblast. In the period between 1934 and 1954, oblasts' borders were frequently adjusted. However, the area and borders of the oblast have remained stable from 1954.
World War II, the territory of Kursk Oblast was occupied by the German troops from fall of 1941 until summer of 1943. The Battle of Kursk, which was one of the major battles of World War II, took place in the region between July 5and August 23, 1943.
Parliamentof Kursk Oblast is the Kursk Oblast Dumawhich consists of 45 members elected for four-year term. The head of the oblast is a governor who is appointed by the President of Russia.
United RussiaParty and the left Communist Party of the Russian Federationare Kursk Oblast's major political parties. Traditionally, the Communist Party is the strongest in the Oblast's rural area.
The oblast's industrial production dropped rapidly during the 1990s, as an industrial crisis was stimulated by the nationwide economic crisis which followed the collapse of the
Soviet Union. However, by the end of the decade output was increasing. Moreover, the manufacturing sector, despite a sagging economy in the late 20th century, continues to accounts for about 40% of the oblast's GDP. The engineering, electric-power, metal-working, chemicals, and food processing are the dominant industries.
Most of the main farming areas are used for natural pastures or cultivation, which involves mainly
wheat, sugar beet, and foddercrops. The main categories of productive holdings are wheat farms, dairy farms, poultry farms, and beef cattle. Agricultural lands cover km2 to mi2|23000|precision=-2, or 77% of the oblast's territory.
Transportation industry of Kursk Oblast, with easy access to national and international markets, is the basis for the oblast's development. The most important modes of transport throughout the oblast are by railway and road. Total length of railway network is km to mi|1100|precision=-1. Two major rail links pass through Kursk Oblast: Moscow–
Kharkivand Kiev– Voronezh. Region roads serve all towns and rural settlements through km to mi|5600|precision=-1 road network. In addition, there is an airport in the oblast which was opened to international flights in July 1997.
The largest university of Kursk Oblast is
Kursk State Technical University, which is located in the city of Kursk. There are also 22 other higher education facilities in Kursk Oblast.
Kursk Oblast's natural attraction is the State Central-Chernozem national park, which offers great opportunity for hiking. Oblast's forests and others undeveloped areas are ideal for hunting, fishing, and camping. Traditional art and architecture are preserved in the town-museum of Rylsk and others historical towns of Kursk Oblast.
*" [http://www.travellerinfo.net/content/view/17/26/ Travel to Russia, Kursk] ". Retrieved
June 27, 2006.
* [http://www.kommersant.com/tree.asp?rubric=5&node=393&doc_id=-50 Kursk Region History and General Information]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Kursk Oblast — An administrative region of the Russian Federation. Part of the Central Federal District and Central Black Earth Economic Region, Kursk borders Bryansk, Oryol, Lipetsk, Voronezh, Belgorod, and northeastern Ukraine. Kursk Oblast has a land area … Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation
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Zheleznogorsk, Kursk Oblast — Zheleznogorsk ( ru. Железногорск) is a town in Kursk Oblast, Russia, located some 130 km northwest of Kursk. Population: 96,200 (2005 est.); 95,558 (2002 Census).Zheleznogorsk was founded in 1957 due to the development of iron ore deposits in the … Wikipedia
Kur River (Kursk Oblast) — Kur River (IPA kuʀ; ru. река Кур, IPA ʀʲɛka kuʀ) is a river in central Russia. It flows through the city of Kursk, where it falls into the Tuskar River ( ru. Тускарь), which then falls into the Seym.External links* [http://www.kommersant.com/tree … Wikipedia
Kalinovka, Kursk Oblast — Kalinovka ( ru. Калиновка) is a village ( selo ) in Khomutovsky District of Kursk Oblast, Russia. It is the birthplace of Nikita Khrushchev … Wikipedia
Administrative divisions of Kursk Oblast — *Cities and towns under the oblast s jurisdiction: **Kursk (Курск) (administrative center) *** city okrugs : ****Seymsky (Сеймский) ****Tsentralny (Центральный) ****Zheleznodorozhny (Железнодорожный) **Kurchatov (Курчатов) **Lgov (Льгов)… … Wikipedia
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