Infobox Musical artist
Name = Tego Calderón
Img_capt = Calderón performing in the
Background = solo_singer
Birth Name = Tegui Calderón Rosario
Also known as = Tego
Born = Birth date and age|1972|2|2|mf=y
Origin = Santurce,
Rapper, Actor, Producer, Poet, Activist
Reggaeton, Hip-Hop, Latin Rap, Mambo, Salsa, Reggae
Years_active = 1998–present
Jiggiri Records(2000–present) Sony BMG(2001–2005) Atlantic Records(2006–2008)
URL = [http://www.tegocalderon.com www.tegocalderon.com]
Tegui Calderón Rosario (born
February 2 1972) is a Puerto Rican rapper. He is best known as Tego Calderón, or by the nickname "El Abayarde", which refers to a tiny, slow-moving species of fire ant found in Puerto Rico. The name is in reference to his behavior as a child; mischievous and troublesome. [http://www.latinrapper.com/tego_calderon_interview2.html Latin Rap Interview - "Tego Calderón Part II: El Abayarde Strikes Back"] ] He not only records hip hop musicbut also mambo, salsa (e.g. "Planté bandera" on his debut album, and "Llora, Llora" and "Llámame" with Oscar D'León) in 2006, blues("Mardi Gras", on the 2006 album) and reggaetón. In addition, he has also made songs that are pure reggae, (e.g. "Chillin'" from the 2006 album The Underdog/El Subestimado).He also believes that Jamaican dancehall reggae and hip hop along with Salsa are the roots of Reggaeton. His album " El Abayarde" made him a major Latinstar. Calderón has received awards for his work, including a Source Award for "International Artist of the Year" and a "Tu Música" award. He has also received nomination in several ceremonies, including the Latin Grammy, Billboard Award, "Premios Lo Nuestro" and "Premios La Gente".
Calderón was born in Santurce, a subsection of San Juan to Puerto Rican parents. Early in his life he moved to
Miami, Florida, where he attended high school. Here he became familiar with several cultures. Calderón eventually studied percussion and worked as a drummer in a rock band. The group would perform songs produced by artists including Ozzy Osborneand Led Zeppelin. [http://www.latinrapper.com/tego_calderon_interview2.html Latin Rap Interview - "Tego Calderón Part II: El Abayarde Strikes Back"] ] . He has noted that both of his parents were fans of Ismael Rivera, and that his father was also interested in jazz. Calderón took influence from both genres and incorporated them into his music, including songs such as " Minnie the Moocher" in songs. He eventually developed a music style that combined elements of salsa, plena, dancehall, and hip-hop, focusion on aspects of urban life in his lyrics.
Calderón made several appearances as a guest artist in other albums produced by other rappers, eventually signing with White Lion. In 2002, published his first full-length album titled "El Abayarde". Despite that the Reggaeton genre was still considered an underground genre, the production sold 50, 000 copies on the first day after its release and established a sales record for an urban music album. Three months after publishing "El Abayarde", Calderón organized his first concert. The event took place at Roberto Clemente Coliseum in San Juan and sold-out all of the entrances available. The following day he became the first rap artist to perform at the annual "Día Naciónal de la Salsa" (National Day of Salsa) celebration.
In August 2003, Calderón performed at the
Madison Square Gardenin New York City. Based on his presentation " The New York Times" noted that he "made the best case for Reggaetón as music with room to grow" being a "forward-looking performer." His second appearance at the venue was in October 2004, when he served as the main artist of an event titled "Megatón 2004". The concert sold out its entrances, with 20,000 in attendance, compossing a crowd that included several non Latino fans. " The Village Voice" noted that the crowd was enthusiastic and danced while he performed.
Calderón subsecuently traveled to Miami, which influenced him to include
dancehallelements into his music style. In 2004, he produced a new album titled " El Enemy de los Guasíbiri", the production focused on several urban genres. Calderón noted that he preferred these styles due to a perception that Salsa had "become too corporate and too safe". Years after its release, Calderón stated that he never approved the release of the Guasibiri album, that it was a collection of his old songs and shouldn't be considered one of his productions. [http://www.latinrapper.com/tego_calderon_interview.html Latin Rap Interview - "Tego Calderon Represents for the Underdogs"] ] Following the release of this album, reggaeton gained more influence with several hip-hop producers in New York. Calderón continued working on several mixtapes, being featured in remixes of Usher's "Yeah," Fat Joe's " Lean Back," N.O.R.E.'s " Oye Mi Canto" and Akon's " I Wanna Love You".
Calderón participated on the 2004 and 2005 editions of New York's Puerto Rican Day parade. During this timeframe he became the first Latin American artist to be included on New York's Power-105. Calderón's influence among Latin American youth was noted in a featured published by the Village Voice. The publication claimed that he had "almost single-handedly. .. steered his country’s dominant youth culture out of the island and Latino neighborhoods, and into the American stream of pop consciousness.”cite web|url=http://www.atlanticrecords.com/tegocalderon/| title=Tego Calderon - Bio| publisher=Atlantic Records| accessdate=2007-09-10]
In the summer of 2005, Calderón signed a deal between Atlantic Records and his own independent label, Jiggiri Records, making him the first reggaeton artist to have a deal with a major record company. [http://www.latinrapper.com/news_june10c.html Latin Rap News - "Tego Calderon Signs Global Deal with Atlantic"] ]
In 2006, Calderón and both companies published "
The Underdog/El Subestimado". He noted that the production includes influence from several Afro-Caribbean rhythms including Reggae, Salsa, Bomba and Rumba. This production featured the guests appearances of Buju Banton, Voltio, Bataklán, Eddie Dee, Luis Cabán, Yandel, Zion, Chyno Nyno, Don Omarand Oscar D'León. Several producers were involved in the album, including Cookee, Major League, Salaam Remi, Eric Figueroa, Luny Tunes, DJ Nelson, Danny Fornaris, DJ Nesty, Naldo, DJ Joe, DJ Fat and Echo & Diesel. At the presentation party for the album, Calderón explained that he no longer considers himself as a reggaeton artist because this subgenre of music has become too commercial. [cite web| url=http://www.latinrapper.com/tego_calderon_listening_party.html| title=Tego Calderon "Underdog" Atlantic Records Album Listening Party| author=Charlie Mena| publisher=LatinRapper.com| date= 2006-06-29| accessdate=2008-06-03] Noting that reggaeton is becoming too simmilar to pop music and that he does not let his children listen to it at home unless it is on the radio. In October 2008, Calderón released a single titled“Pegadito a la pared”, in the internet. [cite web| url=http://www.primerahora.com/noticia/musica/espectaculos_asi/pegadito_con_su_tema_callejero/238133| title=Pegadito con su tema callejero| publisher="Primera Hora"| language=Spanish| date= 2008-10-11| accessdate=2008-10-11]
Musical styles and themes
Although Calderón is a
reggaetonartist, he claims to like "all types of music". [ [http://latino963.lamusica.com/content_tego082707.html] Albert Perez. "Tego Calderón visits Latino 96.3" Accessed January 31, 2008. www.latino963.lamusica.com ] Evidence of this is seen both in his biography (he began his career in music in a metal band and attended a school for music as a drummer) as well as in his music, which incorporates "'several musical tendencies'", including sounds and rhythms from places like Africa, Colombia, and the Caribbean. He obtains the sound for his popular reggaeton music through "fusing an experimental reggaeton style strongly rooted in the working-class Caribbean aesthetics of classic salsa with a strong dose of hip-hop". [ [http://news.nacla.org/2007/12/17/reggaeton-nation/] Frances Negrón-Muntaner and Raquel Z. Rivera, "Reggaeton Nation" (17 December 2007) Accessed January 31, 2008. http://news.nacla.org/2007/12/17/reggaeton-nation ] On The Underdog/El Subestimado, he collaborated with rap duo Anónimo consejoto create a song entitled "Son Dos Alas" which eventually was shortened to an interdule without Calderon.
Calderón has also been praised for his lyrics, which are much more substantive and uplifting than the misogynist materialistic words that have come to define reggaeton as well as the majority of hip-hop music. Calderón has been described as "the reggaeton champion of an Afro-Caribbean working-class aesthetic" and is known for lyrics that are equal parts poetry and politics. [ [http://news.nacla.org/2007/12/17/reggaeton-nation/] Frances Negrón-Muntaner and Raquel Z. Rivera, "Reggaeton Nation" (17 December 2007) Accessed January 31, 2008. http://news.nacla.org/2007/12/17/reggaeton-nation ] A consistent link between all of his albums "are the social themes and the untouchable bravado that he usually transmits through his artistic outlook." [ [http://latino963.lamusica.com/content_tego082707.html] Albert Perez. "Tego Calderón visits Latino 96.3" Accessed January 31, 2008. www.latino963.lamusica.com ] According to Tony Touch, "Tego is someone who represents struggle, an underdog... He's more of an MC, a product of late-'80s hip-hop." [ [http://www.villagevoice.com/music/0513,cepeda,62467,22.html Village Voice - Riddims by the Reggaeton] ]
Film and other career projects
Calderón made his acting debut in the film "Illegal Tender" produced by
John Singleton. Calderon played the role of Choco, a Puerto Rican gangster whose character was written specifically for him by director Franc Reyes. [http://www.latinrapper.com/reviews_illegal_tender.html Illegal Tender movie review] ] [http://www.latinrapper.com/tego_calderon_interview2.html Latin Rap Interview - "Tego Calderón Part II: El Abayarde Strikes Back"] ]
Calderón turned down roles in both "
Feel the Noise" and " El Cantante" and instead chose to appear in Illegal Tender out of respect for its producer. After convincing John Singleton that he wanted to appear in a comedy, Calderón is slated to appear in an upcoming Singleton film which casts him as the coach of a baseball team. [http://www.latinrapper.com/tego_calderon_interview2.html Latin Rap Interview - "Tego Calderón Part II: El Abayarde Strikes Back"] ]
Calderón traveled to
Sierra Leonealong with artists Raekwonand Paul Wallto film a VH1documentary about diamond mining entitled "Bling'd: Blood, Diamonds, and Hip-Hop." The documentary focused on the role of Hip Hop in the blood diamondtrade, after the filming concluded Calderón publicly announced that he would no longer wear jewelry. His experience in Africa also changed his outlook on life, which influenced the recording of the track "Alegria", encouraging fans to not complain about life and recognize that there are other people with bigger problems in their lives. [http://www.latinrapper.com/tego_calderon_interview2.html Latin Rap Interview - "Tego Calderon Part II: El Abayarde Strikes Back"] ]
His father Esteban Calderón Ilarraza was a government worker at the Health Department of Puerto Rico and died in May 2004. His Mother Pilar Rosario Parrilla is an Elementary School Teacher. Tego is married to Michelle Peterbauer. He has one son named
Malcolm Xand a daughter named Ebony Nairobi. He has also talked about the need for Black Latinos to be proud of who they are. [http://www.nypost.com/seven/02152007/tempo/black_pride_tempo_tego_calderon.htm?page=0 Black Pride ] ]
El Abayarde" (2003)
El Enemy de los Guasíbiri" (2004)
The Underdog/El Subestimado" (2006)
El Abayarde Contraataca" (2007)
* [http://www.tegocalderon.com/ Official website]
* [http://www.myspace.com/tegocalderon/ Official MySpace]
* [http://www.billboardenespanol.com/musica/content_display/artistas/artista-destacado/e3ia0a20baccca40a59aaa7d2fbd8d0852c Tego Calderon, Artistas Destacado - Billboard En Español]
* [http://www.lafragancia.com/tegocalderon More music, photos, videos, biography at www.lafragancia.com]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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