Nalchik

Nalchik (English)
Нальчик (Russian)
Налшык (Circassian)
Нальчик  (Balkar)
-  City[citation needed]  -
Map of Russia - Kabardino-Balkar Republic (2008-03).svg
Location of the Kabardino-Balkar Republic in Russia
Nalchik is located in Kabardino-Balkaria
{{{alt}}}
Nalchik
Coordinates: 43°29′N 43°37′E / 43.483°N 43.617°E / 43.483; 43.617Coordinates: 43°29′N 43°37′E / 43.483°N 43.617°E / 43.483; 43.617
Coat of Arms of Nalchik.svg
Flag of None.svg
Coat of arms
Flag
City Day September 1[1]
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Kabardino-Balkar Republic
Municipal status
Urban okrug Nalchik Urban Okrug[citation needed]
Head[2] Zalimgeri Khagasov[2]
Representative body City Council[3]
Statistics
Area 150 km2 (58 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census,
preliminary)
240,095 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 79th
Population (2002 Census) 274,974 inhabitants[5]
Rank in 2002 69th
Density(January 1, 2010) 2,234.3 /km2 (5,787 /sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSD (UTC+04:00)[7]
Founded 1724[citation needed]
Postal code(s) 360000, 360005, 360032, 360901, 360903, 360904[8]
Dialing code(s) +7 8662[9]
Official website
Sosruko tower in Nalchik
Nalchik Springs

Nalchik (Russian: На́льчик; Kabardian: Налшык; Balkar: Нальчик) is the capital city of the Kabardino-Balkar Republic, Russia, situated at an altitude of 550 meters (1,800 ft) in the foothills of the Caucasus Mountains; about 100 kilometers (62 mi) northwest of Beslan in the Republic of North Ossetia–Alania.[10] It covers an area of 131 square kilometers (51 sq mi). Population: 240,095 (2010 Census preliminary results);[4] 274,974 (2002 Census);[5] 234,547 (1989 Census).[11]

Contents

History

The territory of modern-day Nalchik was inhabited by native Balkars and Kabardians as far back as 1743, but the modern city dates from the early 19th century when the expanding Russian Empire built a fort there in 1818; this date is seen at the top of the city's coat of arms. A military settlement was founded on the site in 1838. Nalchik remained relatively unimportant until after the Russian Revolution of 1917, when it was given the status of a city in 1921. It was promoted to become the administrative center of the Kabardian autonomous oblast.

The city is named after the Nalchik River, on the shores of which it is located. The word "Nalchik" literally means "small horseshoe" in Kabardian (or Circassian, a Northwest Caucasian language) and Karachay-Balkar (a Turkic language). It is a diminutive of nal, the Turkic and Turkish word for "horseshoe" derived from Arabic (نعل) with the same meaning.[12]

During World War II, Nalchik was occupied by Nazi Germany and Romania[13] between 28 October 1942 to 3 January 1943. The city was heavily damaged during the conflict. Nalchik's Jewish population, mostly "Mountain Jews", remained unharmed, as they were able to blend in easily with their neighbors.[14]

Nalchik was chosen the "second cleanest city of Russia" in 2003.

On 13 October 2005, Nalchik was attacked by a large group of Yarmuk Jamaat militants led by Shamil Basayev and Anzor Astemirov. Buildings associated with the Russian security forces were targeted, killing at least 14 civilians and wounding 115. 35 policemen were killed in the fighting and 89 militants, including prominent leader Ilias Gorchkhanov, were killed while another 59 were arrested.

Ethnic groups

The population of the city includes (2006 data):

  • Kabardians(Adiga) (42.3%)
  • Russians (28.3%)
  • Balkars(Taulu) (15.2%)
  • others (13.2%)

Economy and education

Nalchik is a balneological and mountain climatotherapy resort, with several sanatoriums. It also serves as an industrial center of the republic (non-ferrous metallurgy, light industry, construction materials manufacturing, machine building).

Nalchik is home to the following facilities of higher education:

  • Kabardino-Balkar State University[15]
  • Kabardino-Balkar Institute of Business
  • North Caucasian State Institute of Arts[16]
  • Kabardino-Balkar State Agricultural Academy[17]

Sports

PFC Spartak Nalchik is a football club based in Nalchik, playing in the Russian Premier League. The 2008 World Women's Chess Championship has also been held in Nalchik, 28 August - 18 September 2008.[18]

Notable people

Climate

Climate data for Nalchik
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0
(32)
1
(34)
7
(45)
16
(61)
21
(70)
25
(77)
27
(81)
26
(79)
22
(72)
15
(59)
8
(46)
3
(37)
15
Daily mean °C (°F) −3
(27)
−2
(28)
3
(37)
11
(52)
16
(61)
20
(68)
22
(72)
21
(70)
17
(63)
10
(50)
5
(41)
0
(32)
10
Average low °C (°F) −7
(19)
−6
(21)
−1
(30)
5
(41)
11
(52)
14
(57)
17
(63)
16
(61)
12
(54)
5
(41)
1
(34)
−4
(25)
5
Precipitation mm (inches) 22
(0.87)
23
(0.91)
38
(1.5)
63
(2.48)
99
(3.9)
100
(3.94)
72
(2.83)
61
(2.4)
55
(2.17)
43
(1.69)
29
(1.14)
26
(1.02)
631
(24.84)
Avg. precipitation days 6 6 8 9 11 11 9 7 7 7 7 7 95
Sunshine hours 69 71 117 141 185 235 222 210 201 153 93 63 1,810
Source no. 1: Gydrometcenter[19]
Source no. 2: City Hall of Nalchik [20]

Twin towns/sister cities

See also

References

  1. ^ http://na.adm-kbr.ru/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=69&Itemid=16
  2. ^ a b "Местная администрация городского округа Нальчик" (in Russian). http://na.adm-kbr.ru/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1&Itemid=2. Retrieved 30 October 2010. 
  3. ^ "http://na.adm-kbr.ru/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=269&Itemid=17". Nalchik City Council. Nalchik City Council. 28 June 1995. "The supreme and exclusive legislative (representative) body of the state power in Nalchik is the Nalchik City Council." 
  4. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2011). "Предварительные итоги Всероссийской переписи населения 2010 года (Preliminary results of the 2010 All-Russian Population Census)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2010). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/results_of_the_census/results-inform.php. Retrieved 2011-04-25. 
  5. ^ a b Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  6. ^ "Инвестиционный паспорт Кабардино-Балкарии". Investpassport. 2010. http://www.kbr-invest.ru/?p=504. Retrieved 30 October 2010. 
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication).
  8. ^ http://postindex.delovoigorod.ru/nalchik/center/
  9. ^ http://www.rt.ru/help-info/mg/index.php?SELECTED_CHAR=%CD
  10. ^ "Dozens die as Russian city raided." BBC. Thursday 13 October 2005. Retrieved on 8 November 2011.
  11. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg.php. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  12. ^ The Kabardino Balkar Republic, Russian Tourism Ministry
  13. ^ The 3rd Army in the Caucasus - 1942
  14. ^ Amjad M. Jaimoukha, The Circassians: A Handbook (Palgrave, 2001).
  15. ^ "Organisations.Kabardino-Balkar State University". mathnet.ru. http://www.mathnet.ru/php/organisation.phtml?option_lang=eng&orgid=2509. Retrieved September 27, 2009. 
  16. ^ "North-Caucasus State Institute of Arts". Universities, Colleges and Institutes Directory of Russian Federation (Russia) .University-directory.eu. http://www.university-directory.eu/Russian-Federation-(Russia)/North-Caucasus-State-Institute-of-Arts.html. Retrieved September 27, 2009. 
  17. ^ "Federal Education Kabardino-Balkar State Agricultural Academy" (in Russian). Education in Russia. edu.ru. http://www.edu.ru/vuz/list/212/html. Retrieved September 27, 2009. 
  18. ^ "World Women's Championship.World Chess Federation 2008". FIDE. http://www.fide.com/component/content/article/1-fide-news/2982-players-undertaking-for-participation-in-the-2008-womens-world-chess-championship. Retrieved September 27, 2009. 
  19. ^ "Gydrometcenter: Historical Weather for Nalchik". http://meteoinfo.ru/climate/klimatgorod/1712-1246618396. 
  20. ^ |url=http://na.adm-kbr.ru/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=69&Itemid=16 |title= City Hall of Nalchik : Sundata for Nalchik |accessdate=|date=June 2011}}

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nálchik — Нальчик Nálchik Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nalchik — Naltchik Naltchik Нальчик [[Image:{{{image}}}|300px|{ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nalchik — /nahl chik/; Russ. /nahl chyik/, n. a city in and the capital of Kabardino Balkar Autonomous Republic in the S Russian Federation. 235,000. * * * City (pop., 1999 est.: 234,700), southwestern Russia. It lies along the Nalchik River where the… …   Universalium

  • Nalchik — Ciudad (pob., est. 1999: 234.700 hab.) del sudoeste de Rusia. Está a orillas del río Nalchik, en el punto en que este sale de los faldeos del Cáucaso. Fundada como fortaleza rusa en 1818, cobró importancia después de la Revolución rusa de 1917.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Nalchik — Stadt Naltschik Нальчик Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nalchik — noun The capital of Kabardino Balkariya, Russia …   Wiktionary

  • Nalchik — Nal•chik [[t]ˈnɑl tʃɪk[/t]] n. geg the capital of the Kabardino Balkar Autonomous Republic in the S Russian Federation in Europe. 235,000 …   From formal English to slang

  • Nalchik — /ˈnaltʃɪk/ (say nahlchik) noun a city in south western Russia; capital of the federal republic of Kabardino Balkaria. Russian, Nal c̆ik …   Australian English dictionary

  • Nalchik — noun a city in southwestern Russia in a valley of the Caucasus Mountains; an industrial center and health resort • Instance Hypernyms: ↑city, ↑metropolis, ↑urban center • Part Holonyms: ↑Russia, ↑Russian Federation …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nalchik Airport — Аэропорт Нальчик IATA: NAL – ICAO: URMN Summary Airport type Pu …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.