Nh (digraph)

Nh is a digraph of the Latin alphabet, a combination of N and H. Together with lh and the interpunct, it was a typical feature of Old Occitan, the language used by medieval troubadours.

Contents

African languages

In some African languages, nh is used to represent a dental [].[clarification needed]

In the pre-1985 orthography of Guinea for its languages, nh represented a velar [ŋ], which is currently written ŋ.

Asian languages

In the Gwoyeu Romatzyh romanization of Mandarin Chinese, initial nh- indicates an even tone on a syllable beginning in [n], which is otherwise spelled n-.

Japanese

Early romanizations of Japanese sometimes used nh to represent a prepalatal [[[Error using {{IPAsym}}: IPA symbol "ɲ̟" not found in list|ɲ̟]]]. Today, this is usually written ny.

Vietnamese

In Vietnamese, nh represents a palatal [ɲ] word-initially. It was formerly considered a distinct letter, but is no longer. When this digraph occurs word-finally, its phonetic value varies between dialects:

  • In the northern dialect, it represents a velar nasal (ŋ), just as ng does; however, its presence may alter the pronunciation of the preceding vowel. For example, banh is pronounced /baɪŋ/, as opposed to /baŋ/ (bang).
  • In the southern dialect, it represents an alveolar nasal (n) and shortens the preceding vowel.

The Vietnamese alphabet inherited this digraph from the Portuguese orthography.

Australian languages

In the transcription of Australian Aboriginal languages, nh represents a dental []. Due to allophony, it may also represent a palatal [ɲ].

European languages

Occitan

In Occitan, nh represents a palatal [ɲ].

For n·h, see Interpunct#Occitan.

Portuguese

In Portuguese, nh represents a palatal [ɲ]. It is not considered a distinct letter. Portuguese borrowed this digraph from Occitan.[1]

Galician

In Galician, there are two diverging norms which give nh diverging values.

  • According to the Real Academia Galega norm, nh represents a velar [ŋ], while ñ represents a palatal [ɲ].
  • According to the reintegrationist norm, mh represents a velar nasal [ŋ], while nh represents a palatal [ɲ].

In both norms, nh is not considered a distinct letter.

Welsh

In Welsh, nh is a voiceless /n/.

References

  1. ^ Jean-Pierre JUGE (2001) Petit précis - Chronologie occitane - Histoire & civilisation, p. 25

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Digraph (Linguistik) — Digraph bezeichnet in der Graphematik zwei Buchstaben, die für eine Lautung stehen. Für mehr als zwei Buchstaben verwendet man griechische Zahlwörter als Präfixe, zum Beispiel Trigraph oder Tetragraph. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Begriffsbestimmung 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Digraph — steht für: Digraph (Linguistik), eine Kombination von zwei Buchstaben, die für ein Phonem, eine Silbe oder ein Morphem stehen Digraph (Informatik), eine Kombination aus zwei Zeichen für ein im verwendeten Zeichensatz nicht verfügbares… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Digraph — may refer to: Digraph (orthography), a pair of characters used together to represent a single sound, such as sh in English Typographical ligature, the joining of two letters as a single glyph, such as æ Digraph (computing), a two character… …   Wikipedia

  • Digraph — Di graph, n. [Gr. di = di s twice + ? a writing, ? to write.] Two signs or characters combined to express a single articulated sound; as ea in head, or th in bath. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • digraph — 1788, in linguistics, from Gk. di twice (see DI (Cf. di ) (1)) + graphe writing (see GRAPHY (Cf. graphy)). In mathematics, from 1955, a contraction of directed graph …   Etymology dictionary

  • digraph — is a combination of two letters which together represent a single speech sound, e.g. dg in judge and ea in head. Certain digraphs are printed as ligatures, in which the two letters are joined, e.g. æ …   Modern English usage

  • digraph — ► NOUN ▪ a combination of two letters representing one sound, as in ph …   English terms dictionary

  • digraph — [dī′graf΄] n. [ DI 1 + GRAPH] a combination of two letters functioning as a unit to represent one sound (Ex.: r ea d, br ea d, ch in, gra ph ic) digraphic adj. digraphically adv …   English World dictionary

  • Digraph (orthography) — For other uses, see Digraph (disambiguation). In Welsh, the digraph ⟨Ll⟩, ⟨ll⟩ fused for a time into a ligature. Further information: list of Latin digraphs and list of Cyrillic digraphs A digraph or digram (from the Greek: δίς dís… …   Wikipedia

  • Digraph (mathematics) — A directed graph or digraph G is an ordered pair G := (V, A) with * V is a set, whose elements are called vertices or nodes, * A is a set of ordered pairs of vertices, called directed edges, arcs, or arrows.It differs from an ordinary, undirected …   Wikipedia

  • Digraph (Informatik) — Als Digraph bezeichnet man in der Informatik eine Kombination aus zwei Zeichen, welche als Ersatz für ein einzelnes Zeichen stehen, welches nicht im verwendeten Zeichensatz zur Verfügung steht. Verschiedene Programmiersprachen machen hiervon… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.