Anal retentive


Anal retentive

The term "anal-retentive" (or "anally retentive", "anal retentive"), commonly abbreviated to "anal", is used conversationally to describe a person with such attention to detail that the obsession becomes an annoyance to others, and can be carried out to the detriment of the anal-retentive person. The term derives from Freudian psychoanalysis.

Origins

In the psychology of Freud, the anal stage is said to follow the oral stage of infant/early-childhood development. This is a time when an infant's attention moves from oral stimulation to anal stimulation (usually the bowels but occasionally the bladder), usually synchronous with learning to control their excretory functions, a time of toilet training. Freud theorized that children who experience conflicts during this period of time may develop "anal" personality traits, namely those associated with a child's efforts at excretory control: orderliness, stubbornness, a compulsion for control, [cite web
last =
first =
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = Anal-retentive
work = WordNet 3.0
publisher = Princeton University
date = 2006
url = http://wordnet.princeton.edu/perl/webwn?s=anal%20retentive
format =
doi =
accessdate = 2007-07-14
] as well as a generalized interest in collecting, possessing, and retaining objects. [cite book
last = Hall
first = Calvin S.
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = A Primer of Freudian Psychology
publisher = New American Library
date = 1954
location = New York
pages = 108
url =
doi =
id =
isbn = 0452011833
] Those whose anal characteristics continue into later life are said to be "anal retentive", or conversely, those who reject anal characteristics are said to have "anal expulsive" personality types. Some believe this to be a mild expression of obsessive-compulsive disorder or obsessive-compulsive personality disorder.

Although Freud's theories on early childhood have been influential on the psychological community, research suggests that the overall pattern of parental attitudes has a much more concrete effect on how an infant will grow up. There is no conclusive research linking anal stage conflicts with anal personality types. [cite book
last = Berger
first = Kathleen
authorlink =
coauthors =
title = The Developing Person
publisher = Worth Publishers
date = 2000
location = New York
pages = 218
url =
doi =
id =
isbn = 1-57259-417-9
]

References

ee also

*Psychosexual development
*Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
*Oral fixation
*Anal expulsive


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • anal retentive — n an anal retentive individual …   Medical dictionary

  • anal-retentive — UK / US or anally retentive UK / US See: anal …   English dictionary

  • anal-retentive — [ā΄nəl ri ten′tiv] adj. ANAL1 (senses 2 & 3) * * * a·nal re·ten·tive (ā nəl rĭ tĕnʹtĭv) adj. Psychology Indicating personality traits, such as meticulousness, avarice, and obstinacy, originating in habits, attitudes, or values associated with… …   Universalium

  • anal-retentive — [ā΄nəl ri ten′tiv] adj. ANAL1 (senses 2 & 3) …   English World dictionary

  • anal retentive — /eɪnəl rəˈtɛntɪv/ (say aynuhl ruh tentiv) noun 1. a person with traits such as orderliness, meanness, stubbornness, which are thought to be the result of fixation at the anal stage of development. –adjective Also, anal. 2. (of a person) having… …   Australian English dictionary

  • anal retentive — adjective a stage in psychosexual development when the child s interest is concentrated on the anal region; fixation at this stage is said to result in orderliness, meanness, stubbornness, compulsiveness, etc. • Syn: ↑anal • Ant: ↑oral (for:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • anal-retentive — ˌ ̷ ̷  ̷ ̷  ̷ ̷ ˈ ̷ ̷  ̷ ̷ adjective : exhibiting or typifying personality traits (as frugality and obstinacy) held to be psychological consequences of toilet training • anal retentive noun • anal retentiveness noun * * * ˌanal reˈtentive [anal… …   Useful english dictionary

  • anal-retentive — adjective Date: 1953 exhibiting or typifying personality traits (as frugality and obstinacy) held to be psychological consequences of toilet training • anal retentive noun • anal retentiveness noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • anal retentive. — 1. having an anal character. 2. a person who is anal retentive. * * * …   Universalium

  • anal retentive. — 1. having an anal character. 2. a person who is anal retentive …   Useful english dictionary


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