John Savile, 1st Baron Savile
John Savile, 1st Baron Savile, PC (
6 January, 1818- 28 November, 1896), was a British diplomat who served as Ambassador to Italyfrom 1883 to 1888.
Born John Lumley-Savile, he was the eldest of the five illegitimate children of
John Lumley-Savile, 8th Earl of Scarbroughand the grandson of John Lumley-Savile, 7th Earl of Scarbrough. The latter had succeeded to the Savile estates through his grandmother Barbara Savile, sister and heiress of Sir George Savile, 8th and last Baronet, of Thornhill (see the Marquess of Halifax) and wife of Richard Lumley-Saunderson, 4th Earl of Scarbrough. Lumley-Savile's mother was of French origin. He served as Attaché at the British embassies in Berlinfrom 1842 to 1849, in St Petersburgfrom 1849 to 1854 and as Secretary of Legation in Washington from 1854 to 1858, in Madridfrom 1858 to 1860 and in Constantinople in 1860. The latter year Lumley-Savile was appointed Secretary to the Embassy in St Petersburg, in which post he remained until 1868. While in Russiahe was made a member of the Russian Imperial Academy in 1866. Lumley-Savile later served as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Saxonyfrom 1866 to 1867, to Switzerlandfrom 1867 to 1868 and to Belgiumfrom 1868 to 1883. The latter year he was admitted to the Privy Council and appointed Ambassador to Italy, a post he held until 1888.
In 1887 he succeeded to the Savile estates in
Nottinghamshireand Yorkshireon the death of his younger brother, Augustus, and the same year he assumed by Royal license the surname of Savile in lieu of Lumley. The following year he was raised to the peerage as Baron Savile, of Ruffold in the County of Nottingham, with remainder to his nephew John Savile Lumley (later Lumley-Savile). Lord Savile died in November 1896, aged 78. He was succeeded in the Barony according to the special remainder by his nephew John Savile Savile-Lumley, 2nd Baron Savile.
Earl of Scarbrough
Marquess of Halifax
*Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). "Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage" (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.
* [http://www.angeltowns.com/town/peerage/ Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page]
* [http://www.thepeerage.com/ www.thepeerage.com]
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