Altai Krai


Altai Krai

Infobox Russian federal subject
EnglishName=Altai Krai
RussianName=Алтайский край
Locator



LocatorMap






CoatOfArmsLink=Coat of arms of Altai Krai


FlagLink=Flag of Altai Krai
AnthemLink
AdmCtrOrCapital=Administrative center
AdmCtrName=Barnaul
FoundationDate=September 28, 1937
PoliticalStatus=Krai
PoliticalStatusLink=Krais of Russia
FederalDistrict=Siberian
EconomicRegion= West Siberian
CodeNumber=22
Area=169100
AreaRank=22nd
Population=2607426
PopulationRank=20th
UrbanPopulation=53.2%
RuralPopulation=46.8%
LangLangs
LangList=Russian
HeadTitle=Head of Administration
HeadName=Alexander Karlin
PrimeTitle=First Deputy Head of Administration
PrimeName=Sergey Loktev
Legislature=Council of People's Deputies
ConstitutionType=Charter
ConstitutionName=Charter of Altai Krai
Website=http://www.altairegion22.ru/

Altai Krai ( _ru. Алта́йский край, "Altaysky kray") is a federal subject of Russia (a krai) in the Siberian Federal District. It borders with, clockwise from the south, Kazakhstan, Novosibirsk and Kemerovo Oblasts, and the Altai Republic. The krai's administrative center is the city of Barnaul.

The krai's head of administration Mikhail Yevdokimov died in a car crash on August 7, 2005.

The krai's economy depends on agriculture and granted by the Russian government.

As of the 2002 Russian census, Russians form an overwhelming majority of the population, at 92%. Germans are the second-largest group, at about 3% (see Mennonite settlements of Altai). Other groups include Ukrainians (2%) , Kazakhs (0.4%) , Tatars (0.35%), Belarusians (0.32%), Armenians (0.31%), and people of other nationalities.

Geography

Altai Krai has rolling foothills, grasslands, lakes, rivers, and mountains. [cite web
url=http://www.pacificenvironment.org/article.php?list=type&type=83
title=Russian program — Altai
publisher=
accessdate=2006-11-30
] The climate is severe with long cold dry winters and hot, usually dry summers. The regions main waterway is the Ob River. The Biya, Katun, and Chuya Rivers are also important. The biggest lakes are Lake Kulundinskoye, Lake Kuchukskoye, and Lake Mikhaylovskoye.cite web
url=http://www.kommersant.com/t-82/r_5/n_426/Altai_Territory/
title=Altai Territory
publisher=
accessdate=2006-11-29
] Altai Krai has huge reserves of raw materials, especial materials used for building, as well as significant mineral reserves. These include nonferrous metals, lead and iron ores, manganese, tungsten, molybdenum, bauxite, and gold. Forests cover about 60,000 km² of the territory's land.

Time zone

Altai Krai is located in the Novosibirsk Time Zone (NOVT/NOVST). UTC offset is +0600 (NOVT)/+0700 (NOVST).

History

This area is part of a great crossroads in the ancient world. [cite web
url=http://www.pacificenvironment.org/article.php?id=934
title=Greater Altai – Altai Krai, Republic of Altai, Tyva (Tuva), and Novosibirsk — Crossroads
publisher=
accessdate=2006-11-30
] Nomadic tribes crossed through the territory during periods of migration. The nomadic tribes were composed of different peoples. Archeological sites reveal that ancient humans lived in the area. The Altay people are a Turkic people, some of whom have settled here, who were originally nomadic and date back to the 2nd millennium BCE. [cite web
url=http://www.waytorussia.net/Features/RussianPeople/2003Sept24/
title=Peoples from Russia — Alexey, guide in Altay region
publisher=
accessdate=2006-11-30
]

Economy

Industry

Altai Territory is situated in the southeastern part of Western Siberia and is part of the West Siberia economic district along with Kemerovo, Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, and Tyumen regions and the Altai Republic. The territory is favorably located close to major sources of raw materials, has a well-developed infrastructure, especially in the area of heavy industry, and an abundance of natural resources. It is a major industrial and agricultural region of the country. As in the rest of Russia, the economic restructuring of the 1990s led to a marked economic decline in Altai Territory, particularly in industry and agriculture. However, there is now reason to believe that the territory's economy is stabilizing. Its present economic prospects are good due to the presence of abundant local raw materials, high scientific potential, leading technologies, skilled personnel, and a low-cost labor force. The sales market extends far beyond the borders of the West Siberia economic district. The territory's administration is interested in foreign investments and is creating the necessary conditions for setting up joint ventures.

There are more than 2000 industrial companies operating in both heavy and light industry. The leading sectors are the power, engineering, chemical and petrochemical, building material, textile, and light industries. Output is currently increasing in certain industries for the first time since perestroika. This increase is particularly noticeable in the flour-, grain-, and feed-milling and chemical and petrochemical industries and in individual heavy industry sectors, tractor production.

Small and medium business is developing rapidly in Altai Territory, which is a necessary condition for economic stability and growth. Today, nearly a quarter of the entire working population is employed in this sector.

Agriculture

Altai Territory is one of Russia's most important agricultural regions. Development of the territory's lands began in the second half of the 18th century; and peasants from other Russian regions began resettling here in 1861. By 1917, the territory's rural population had reached 1,998,000 people and the total area under cultivation was 25,060 square kilometres.

Today, farmland covers an area of 110,000 km², of which 69,220 km², or nearly 41% of the total area of the territory, is cropland. The main crops are hard varieties of spring wheat, buckwheat, millet, peas, barley, oats, and potatoes and other vegetables. This is this only region of Siberia where sunflowers, soybeans, sugar beets, and certain kinds of fruit grow.

In 1960, the State Economic Council under the Council of Ministers of the USSR carried out comprehensive zoning of Altai Territory, which divided the territory into seven natural and economic agricultural zones. Wide temperature swings are characteristic of the territory's climate, so that ensuring harvest stability is not easy. It requires a specific approach to developing cropland in order to increase farming efficiency. The Kulundinskaya Plain, the Priobskoe Plateau, and the left and right banks of the Ob River are well developed agriculturally. Natural fodder land, including hayfields and pasture, occupies 39,060 km², which includes 11,930 km² of hayfields and 27130 km² of pasture.

Livestock farming specializes in meat, milk, wool, and egg production. Altai Territory is a major wool producer and an important base for breeding fine-fleeced pedigreed sheep, which makes it possible to export more than 30,000 head of pedigreed sheep per year. The territorial market also offers pedigreed swine, poultry, meat, eggs, honey, and wild products such as deer antlers, furs, and pelts.

Fruit-growing in Altai is made possible by specialists of the internationally known Lisavenko Horticultural Research Institute, which has developed a range of fruit and berry varieties adapted to the climate.

Today, Altai Territory not only meets the agricultural product requirements of its own population, but also the requirements of many other Russian regions. Altai exports many kinds of cereals, as well as processed grain products such as wheat and rye flour, pasta products, sugar beets, sunflower seeds, and flax fiber. The territory is Siberia's largest grain, sugar, and meat producer and its second-largest cheese producer.

Administrative divisions

ee also

*Altay Mountains
*Sayan Mountains

Notes

External links

* [http://www.kommersant.com/t-82/r_5/n_426/Altai_Territory/ Altai Krai]
* [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/profiles/Russia.pdf Library of Congress Russian pdf]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Altai Krai — noun a federal subject in the Altai region of Russia …   Wiktionary

  • Flag of Altai Krai — [ Altai Krai] The flag of Altai Krai is a flag of the Altai Krai, in the Russian Federation. It is a vertical bicolour of light blue and red charged with a spike of wheat on the blue band and the arms of the krai on the red band. The design… …   Wikipedia

  • Mikhaylovsky District, Altai Krai — For other places with the same name, see Mikhaylovsky District. Mikhaylovsky District (English) Михайловский район (Russian) …   Wikipedia

  • Gornyak, Altai Krai — For other places with the same name, see Gornyak. Gornyak (English) Горняк (Russian) …   Wikipedia

  • Kolyvan, Altai Krai — Kolyvan ( ru. Колывань) is a village in Altai Krai, Russia, located on the slopes of the Kolyvan Range.Kolyvan was founded in the first half of the 18th century due to the construction of the Kolyvan Voskresensky copper and silver melting plant,… …   Wikipedia

  • Pavlovsk, Altai Krai — Pavlovsk ( ru. Павловск) is a village in Altai Krai, Russia. It is the administrative center of Pavlovsky District. Population: 14,944 (2002 Census) …   Wikipedia

  • Kurya, Altai Krai — Kurya ( ru. Курья) is a village ( selo ) in Altai Krai, Russia. It is the administrative center of Kuryinsky District. Population: 4,292 (2002 Census); 4,394 (1989 Census).Is the place of birth of Mikhail Kalashnikov …   Wikipedia

  • Stepnoye Ozero, Altai Krai — Stepnoye Ozero ( ru. Степное Озеро) is an urban type settlement in Blagoveshchensky District of Altai Krai, Russia. Population: ru census|p02=7184|p89=7447References …   Wikipedia

  • Administrative divisions of Altai Krai — *Cities and towns under the krai s jurisdiction: **Barnaul (Барнаул) (administrative center) *** city districts : ****Industrialny (Индустриальный) ***** Urban type settlements under the city district s jurisdiction: ******Novosilikatny… …   Wikipedia

  • Krai de Altái — Алтайский край Sujeto federal de Rusia …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.