Lamium

Lamium
Henbit deadnettle (Lamium amplexicaule)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Lamium
L.
Species

About 50 species; see text

Lamium (deadnettle) is a genus of about 40-50 species of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, of which family it is the type genus. They are all herbaceous plants native to Europe, Asia, and north Africa, but several have become very successful weeds of crop fields and are now widely naturalised across the temperate world.

The genus includes both annual and perennial species; they spread by both seeds and stems rooting as they grow along the ground.

The common name refers to their superficial resemblance to the unrelated stinging nettles, but unlike those, they do not have stinging hairs and so are harmless or apparently "dead".

Selected species
  • Lamium album (white deadnettle)
  • Lamium amplexicaule (henbit deadnettle)
  • Lamium bifidum
  • Lamium barbatum
  • Lamium corsicum
  • Lamium flexuosum
  • Lamium garganicum
  • Lamium glaberrimum
  • Lamiastrum galeobdolon (yellow archangel),
  • Lamium hybridum (cut-leaf deadnettle)
  • Lamium maculatum (spotted white deadnettle, purple dragon)
  • Lamium moluccellifolium (northern deadnettle)
  • Lamium moschatum
  • Lamium orvala
  • Lamium purpureum (red deadnettle)

Several closely related genera were formerly included in Lamium by some botanists, including Galeopsis (hemp-nettles) and Leonurus (motherworts).[citation needed]

Lamium species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Angle Shades, Setaceous Hebrew Character and the Coleophora case-bearers C. ballotella, C. lineolea and C. ochripennella.

Cultivation

Lamiums are frost hardy and grow well in most soils. Flower colour determines planting season and light requirement: white- and purple-coloured flowered species are planted in spring and prefer full sun. The yellow-flowered ones are planted in fall (autumn) and prefer shade. They often have invasive habits and need plenty of room. Propagate from seed or by division in early spring.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lamĭum — (L. L.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Labiatae Stachydeae, Lamieae, 14. Kl. 1. Ordn. L.; Staubgefäße genähert, unter der Oberlippe gleichlaufend, Staubbeutel mit gemeinschaftlicher Längsritze aufspringend, Oberlippe helmförmig, die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lamĭum — L. (Taubnessel), Gattung der Labiaten, ein oder mehrjährige Kräuter mit oft herzförmigen, gekerbten, gezahnten oder mannigfaltig geschnittenen Blättern und vielblütigen, oberwärts oft gedrängten Scheinquirlen in den Blattachseln, mit roten oder… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lamium — Lamĭum L., Bienensaug, Taubnessel, Pflanzengattg. der Labiaten, Kräuter in der nördl. gemäßigten Zone der Alten Welt. Die bekanntesten Arten sind die weiße und die rote Taubnessel, L. album und purpurĕum L …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lamium — Lamier Lamium …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lamium —   Lamium Lamium amplexicaule …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lamium — Taubnesseln Gefleckte Taubnessel (Lamium maculatum) Systematik Klasse: Dreifurchenpol …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lamium — noun genus of Old World herbs: dead nettles; henbits • Syn: ↑genus Lamium • Hypernyms: ↑asterid dicot genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Labiatae, ↑family Labiatae, ↑Lamiaceae, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lamium L. — Род 220. Яснотка (Сем. Lamiaceae – Губоцветные) 424. Lamium maculatum L. – Яснотка пятнистая 425. Lamium purpureum L. – Яснотка пурпуровая …   Флора Центрально-лесного государственного заповедника

  • lamium — /lay mee euhm/, n. any of several plants belonging to the genus Lamium, of the mint family, some species of which have whitish or variegated leaves and are cultivated as ornamentals or ground cover. [ < NL (Linnaeus); LL (Pliny): dead nettle,… …   Universalium

  • Lamium — La|mi|um das; [s] <aus gleichbed. nlat. lamium, dies zu gr. lamós »Schlund, Rachen« (weil die Blüte einem geöffneten Rachen ähnelt)> Taubnessel …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

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