B'Day

B'Day
Album cover which shows a young woman in a low cut dress, with dark eye liner and hair piled high on her head.
Studio album by Beyoncé
Released September 4, 2006 (2006-09-04)
Recorded April 2006; Sony Music Studios
(New York City), Great Divide Studios
(Aspen, Colorado)
Genre R&B, soul, funk, pop
Length 37:40
Label Columbia, Music World
Producer Beyoncé Knowles (also exec.), Swizz Beatz, Sean Garrett, Rich Harrison, Rodney Jerkins, Walter Millsap III, The Neptunes, Shaffer "Ne-Yo" Smith, Shea Taylor, Stargate, Cameron Wallace
Beyoncé chronology
Dangerously in Love
(2003)
B'Day
(2006)
I Am... Sasha Fierce
(2008)
Singles from B'Day
  1. "Déjà Vu"
    Released: June 24, 2006
  2. "Ring the Alarm"
    Released: October 10, 2006
  3. "Irreplaceable"
    Released: October 26, 2006
  4. "Beautiful Liar"
    Released: March 5, 2007
  5. "Get Me Bodied"
    Released: July 10, 2007
  6. "Green Light"
    Released: July 30, 2007

B'Day is the second studio album by American R&B recording artist Beyoncé Knowles, released on September 4, 2006 by Columbia Records in collaboration with Music World Music and Sony Urban Music. It was released to coincide with Knowles' twenty-fifth birthday. The album was originally planned for a 2004 release as a follow-up to her debut album Dangerously in Love (2003). However, the project was put on hiatus due to the recording of Destiny's Child's final studio album, Destiny Fulfilled (2004), and her starring role in the film Dreamgirls (2006).While on vacation after filming Dreamgirls, Knowles began contacting various producers; she rented Sony Music Studios, and completed B'Day in three weeks. Most of the lyrical content of the album was inspired by Knowles' role in the film. The album's musical style ranges from 1970s–80s funk and balladry to urban contemporary elements such as hip hop and R&B. Live instrumentation was employed in recording most of the tracks as part of Knowles' vision of creating a record using live instruments.

Upon its release, B'Day received generally positive reviews from most music critics and has since earned Knowles several accolades, including the Grammy Award for Best Contemporary R&B Album at the 49th Grammy Awards. The album debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 chart, selling 541,000 copies in its first week, the highest debut-week sales of Knowles. The album has been certified triple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America. It was also successful in international music markets and yielded six singles, including three commercial hits: "Déjà Vu", "Irreplaceable" and "Beautiful Liar". B'Day Anthology Video Album, which features thirteen music videos to accompany the songs, was released alongside the deluxe edition of B'Day. Knowles then embarked on her second solo concert tour in 2007, which she titled The Beyoncé Experience. A live album, The Beyoncé Experience Live, was released which featured footage from the tour. As of February 2008, B'Day had sold over 7 million copies worldwide.[1]

Contents

Background

In 2002, Knowles had productive studio sessions while making her debut album, Dangerously in Love, recording up to forty-five songs.[2] After the release of Dangerously in Love in 2003, Knowles had planned to produce a follow-up album using several of the left-over tracks.[2] However, on January 7, 2004, a spokesperson for her record label, Columbia, announced that Knowles had put her plans on hold in order to concentrate on the recording of Destiny Fulfilled, the final studio album by Destiny's Child, and for her singing of the U.S. national anthem at the Super Bowl XXXVIII in Houston, which was a childhood dream of hers.[2][3] In late 2005, Knowles decided to postpone the recording of her second album because she had landed a lead role in Dreamgirls, a film adaptation of the 1981 Tony Award-winning Broadway musical of the same name.[4] As she wanted to focus on one project at a time, Knowles decided to wait until the movie was completed before returning to the recording studio.[5] Knowles later told Billboard magazine, "I'm not going to write for the album until I finish doing the movie."[6]

While having a month-long vacation after filming Dreamgirls, Knowles went to the studio to start working on the album. She said, "[When filming ended] I had so many things bottled up, so many emotions, so many ideas,"[5] prompting her to begin working without telling her father and then-manager, Mathew Knowles.[7] Knowles kept the recording of B'Day somewhat quiet, telling only her artists and repertoire man Max Gousse, and the team of producers they contacted to collaborate for the album.[8] She began working with songwriter-producers Rich Harrison, Rodney Jerkins, Sean Garrett,[7][9] Cameron Wallace; the Neptunes, Norwegian production duo Stargate, American hip hop producer-rapper Swizz Beatz, and Walter Millsap.[10] Two female songwriters were also included in the production team who helped structure the album: Knowles' cousin Angela Beyincé, who had previously collaborated in Dangerously in Love, and up-and-coming songwriter Makeba Riddick, who made her way onto the team after writing "Déjà Vu", the lead single off the album.[5]

Recording and production

Knowles rented the Sony Music Studios in New York City, and was influenced by her husband Jay-Z's method of collaborating with multiple record producers;[11] she used four recording studios simultaneously.[12] She booked Harrison, Jerkins and Garrett, each with a room to work in.[7] During the sessions, Knowles would move from studio to studio to check her producers' progress, later claiming this fostered "healthy competition" among producers.[7] When Knowles conceived a potential song, she would tell the group who would deliberate, and after three hours the song would be created.[5] While Knowles and the team brainstormed the lyrics, other collaborators such as the Neptunes, Jerkins and Swizz Beatz would simultaneously produce the tracks.[5] They would sometimes begin working at eleven o'clock, spending up to fourteen hours a day in the studios during the recording process.[5] Knowles arranged, co-wrote and co-produced all the songs.[7] Makeba Riddick, in an interview with MTV News, recounted her experience in the production:

[Beyoncé] had multiple producers in Sony Studios. She booked out the whole studio and she had the biggest and best producers in there. She would have us in one room, we would start collaborating with one producer, then she would go and start something else with another producer. We would bounce around to the different rooms and work with the different producers. It was definitely a factory type of process.[5]

B'Day, which is titled as a reference to Knowles' birthday,[13] was completed in three weeks, ahead of the originally scheduled six weeks.[14] Swizz Beatz co-produced four songs for the album, the most from a single producer in the team.[5] Knowles recorded three songs a day, finishing recording within two weeks.[8] Twenty-five songs were produced for the album; ten of the tracks were selected for the track list, and mastered in early July by Brian "Big Bass" Gardner in Los Angeles.[10][15]

Composition

Themes

Many of the themes and musical styles of the album were inspired by Knowles' role in Dreamgirls.[16] The plot of the film revolves around The Dreams, a fictional 1960s group of three female singers who attempt success in the mainstream music industry with the help of their manager, Curtis Taylor. Knowles portrays Deena Jones, the lead singer of the group and the wife of Taylor, and is emotionally abused by him. Because of her role, Knowles was inspired to produce an album with an overriding theme of feminism and female empowerment.[5] In the bonus track, "Encore for the Fans", Knowles says, "Because I was so inspired by Deena, I wrote songs that were saying all the things I wish she would have said in the film."[16]

Musical style

B'Day was influenced by a variety of American genres,[17] and, like Knowles' previous album, incorporated urban contemporary elements including contemporary R&B and hip hop. Some songs have 1970s and 1980s styles, inspired through record sampling. "Suga Mama", which employs blues-guitar samples[18] from Jake Wade and the Soul Searchers' "Searching for Soul", contains a 1970s funk- and 1980s go-go-influenced melody.[19] "Upgrade U" is sampled from the 1968 Betty Wright song "Girls Can't Do What the Guys Do". "Resentment" used Curtis Mayfield's 1972 "Think (Instrumental)", from the Super Fly soundtrack. "Déjà Vu" has '70s influence,[20] "Green Light" is a classic groove,[21] and "Get Me Bodied" features twang, a musical style that originated from Texas.[22]

A woman is singing on stage. She wears a silver gown with straps falling over one arm and long, curly, wild hair.
Knowles singing "Listen", which she sang in the film Dreamgirls

Knowles crafted most songs on B'Day through live instrumentation and diverse techniques. This is evident on "Déjà Vu", which utilizes bass guitar, conga, hi-hat, horns and the 808 drum; it also features rap vocals by Jay-Z.[21][23] In an interview with MTV, Knowles said, "When I recorded 'Déjà Vu' [...] I knew that even before I started working on my album, I wanted to add live instruments to all of my songs..."[5] The album's second single "Ring the Alarm" is noted for the use of a siren in its melody. It was called a song that "shows a harder edge to Beyoncé's sound".[7] "Freakum Dress" is a crescendo that uses a two-note riff and galloping beats.[24] The song "advises women who have partners with straying eyes to put on sexy dresses and grind on other guys in the club to regain their affections."[25] Meanwhile, the use of the "uh-huh huh huh" vocals and brassy stabs in the song "Green Light" is a direct echo to "Crazy in Love", according to Peter Robinson of The Guardian.[26]

Release and promotion

In collaboration with Sony Urban Music and Music World Music, B'Day was first released outside of North America through Columbia Records on September 4, 2006 to coincide with Knowles' 25th birthday.[6] The following day, it was released in North America.[5] Seven months after the release of the original version, an expanded double-disc deluxe edition of the album was released on April 3, 2007.[27] In addition to the original track listing, the deluxe edition features five new songs, including "Beautiful Liar", a duet with Colombian singer Shakira. The single made Billboard Hot 100 history when it moved ninety-one positions—from number ninety-four to number three—on April 7, 2007.[28] "Amor Gitano" ("Gypsy Love"), a Spanish-language flamenco-pop duet with Mexican singer Alejandro Fernández served as a soundtrack for Telemundo's "El Zorro" telenovela,[29] was included in the deluxe edition, alongside Spanish re-recordings of "Listen" ("Oye"), "Irreplaceable" ("Irreemplazable") and "Beautiful Liar" ("Bello Embustero"). The idea of recording songs in a foreign language emanated from her experience when Destiny's Child collaborated with Alejandro Sanz for "Quisiera Ser" (2000). Knowles worked with producer Rudy Perez for these recordings.[30] The Spanish language EP on the deluxe edition was later released independently under the title Irreemplazable.[31]

B'Day Anthology Video Album was released simultaneously with the deluxe edition; the anthology features thirteen videos including the director's cut of "Listen" and the extended mix of "Get Me Bodied". Most of the videos were accompaniments for the up-tempo tracks on B'Day;[30] which featured retro stylisation, use of color and black hair styles, as Knowles thought it would create a resemblance between herself and the character she played in Dreamgirls, Deena Jones.[32] The shooting of the videos was completed in two weeks;[33] they were directed by Jake Nava, Anthony Mandler, Melina Matsoukas, Cliff Watts, Ray Kay, Sophie Muller, Diane Martel and Knowles.[34] Initially the DVD was available exclusively in Wal-Mart,[30] but was later released to other markets. The Spanish songs were not included on international releases of the deluxe edition, but instead feature the thirteen music videos from the anthology DVD.[35]

Singles

"Déjà Vu", featuring Jay-Z, was released on July 31, 2006, as the album's lead single.[36] "Green Light" was planned to be released as the second single for the international market, but the management opted for "Ring the Alarm" instead, which was released in the United States only. "Irreplaceable" was serviced to international markets as the second international and third overall single from B'Day.[37] "Ring the Alarm" was released on October 3, and became her highest-charting single debut, opening at number twelve on the Billboard Hot 100.[38] "Upgrade U", also featuring Jay-Z, was released as a promotional single in November 2006,[39] and reached number fifty-nine on the Hot 100.[40]

The album's third single "Irreplaceable" became the best-selling single in the U.S. in 2007 and the 25th most successful song of the 2000s, according to the Billboard Hot 100 Songs of the Decade.[41] Rolling Stone ranked it number sixty on their list of 100 Best Songs of the 2000s decade.[42] "Irreplaceable" became the most successful single to be released from the album and received positive critical acclaim, and spent ten consecutive weeks atop the Billboard Hot 100. The single's music video features the debut performance of her all-female band, Suga Mama.[30]

"Get Me Bodied" was released on July 10, 2007 as the fifth single.[43] "Get Me Bodied" peaked at number sixty-eight on the Hot 100.[44] The single's accompanying music video features sister Solange Knowles and former Destiny's Child band-mates Kelly Rowland and Michelle Williams in its 1960s-influenced instructional music video.[32] "Green Light" was released in the United Kingdom on July 30, 2007.[45] Along with the release of the single, the remix EP Green Light: Freemasons EP was released on July 27, 2007 as a digital download.[46]

Tour

Several women performing a song on stage. Some of them are playing musical instruments, other are singing and dancing.
Knowles performing "Green Light" on The Beyoncé Experience

In mid-2006, Knowles looked for an all-female band for her 2007 tour, The Beyoncé Experience, to promote the album. She held an audition for keyboard players, bassists, guitarists, horn players, percussionists and drummers around the world.[47] Knowles named the band Suga Mama.[30] Although the band only consisted of women, both male and female backup dancers performed onstage.[48] As well as singing songs from B'Day, Knowles also performed songs from Dangerously in Love[49] and gave a medley of Destiny's Child songs.[50] She embarked on the tour in Japan on April 10, 2007[30] and concluded it in Tapei, Taiwan on November 12, 2007.[51] At the Los Angeles show Jay-Z and Destiny's Child bandmates Rowland and Williams made guest appearances. Footage from this show was filmed and released on November 20, 2007 as a live album titled The Beyoncé Experience Live.[51]

Reception

Commercial performance

Despite an average commercial performance of the album's first two singles, "Déjà Vu" and "Ring the Alarm", B'Day peaked at number one on the Billboard 200, the official albums chart in the United States, on September 23, 2006.[52] The album sold 541,000 units in its first week of release,[52] Knowles' highest debut week album sales.[53] The album gave Knowles her second number-one album following Dangerously in Love, which also topped the chart on its debut. This feat was noted by Keith Caulfield of Billboard magazine, surmising that perhaps "its handsome debut was generated by goodwill earned from the performance of her smash first album Dangerously in Love".[54] By the end of 2006, the album was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA),[55] and became the thirty-eighth best-selling album of that year in the US.[56]

The album's commercial performance was reinforced by the subsequent release of its editions. The release of the deluxe edition helped B'Day re-enter the top ten, gaining 903 percent in sales.[57] On April 16, 2007, the RIAA re-certified B'Day as triple platinum, combining the sales from the original edition of album with those of the deluxe edition.[55] However, B'Day's extended life in the music market has been attributed to the release and eventual success of "Irreplaceable", which is the album's certifiable smash hit.[54] The single, which was released by the end of 2006, helped the album in regaining its strength, having re-entered into the top ten of Billboard 200.[54] According to Billboard magazine, it propelled the album in to a cumulative 3.3 million albums sold.[54]

In the United Kingdom, B'Day debuted at number three on September 11, 2007 selling 35,012 copies in its first week.[58][59] The British Phonographic Industry (BPI) certified B'Day platinum for shipping 300,000 units, and the deluxe edition gold for shipping 100,000 units.[60] As of July 3, 2011, B'Day has sold 385,078 copies in the UK.[59] The album peaked at number three on the European Top 100 Albums,[61] while reaching the top ten in the albums charts of Denmark, Flanders, Germany, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Switzerland.[62][63] The album reached number two on the Canadian Albums Chart, where it stayed for two weeks and receiving a platinum certification from the Canadian Recording Industry Association (CRIA).[64][65] Across Oceania, it had the same reception debuting on Australian Albums Chart and New Zealand Albums Chart both at number eight on the same week, September 11, 2006.[62] B'Day remained on the charts for twenty and twenty-five weeks respectively,[62] and was certified platinum by both the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) and the Recording Industry Association of New Zealand (RIANZ).[66][67] As of February 2008, B'Day had sold over 7 million copies worldwide.[1]

Critical response

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
Source Rating
Metacritic (70/100)[68]
Review scores
Source Rating
Allmusic 5/5 stars[20]
Robert Christgau (A-)[69]
Entertainment Weekly (B+)[70]
The Guardian 4/5 stars[71]
The New York Times (mixed)[72]
Pitchfork Media (7.2/10)[73]
PopMatters (6/10)[22]
Rolling Stone 3/5 stars[18]
Slant Magazine 3.5/5 stars[74]
USA Today 3/4 stars[75]

B'Day received generally positive reviews from music critics. At Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating out of 100 to reviews from mainstream critics, the album received an average score of 70, based on 23 reviews, which indicates "generally favorable reviews".[68] Bill Lamb of About.com complimented it for exuding the "work of a woman with focus, energy, empathy, and vocal firepower to spare", giving it four and a half stars out of five.[76] Entertainment Weekly's Jody Rosen commented that "the songs [in the album] arrive in huge gusts of rhythm and emotion, with Beyoncé's voice rippling over clattery beats".[70] Jonah Weiner of Blender gave the album four out of five stars and commented that "sweaty up-tempo numbers prove the best platform for Beyonce's rapperly phrasing and pipe-flaunting fireballs".[68] The Boston Globe's Sarah Rodman commented that the production team helped Knowles "focus on edgier, up-tempo tracks that take her sweet soprano to new places".[25] Billboard's Gail Mitchell wrote that "throughout [the album], she romps with creative abandon, thankfully unafraid of stretching the boundaries lyrically and musically".[77] Sal Cinquemani of Slant Magazine compared the album to the work of Destiny's Child and wrote," B'Day is reminiscent of Knowles' former group at their commercial peak".[74] In his consumer guide for MSN Music, critic Robert Christgau gave B'Day an A- rating and wrote favorably for it themes concerning wealth and empowerment: "On most of them she's wronged yet still in control because she's got so much money".[69]

However, some critics deemed the album's production weak. Roger Friedman of Fox News reviewed the album negatively and stated that "the result of so many cooks in the kitchen ... is that ... Beyoncé serves up a [mix of] ... shrill singing and invariably tuneless songs".[9] Rolling Stone magazine's Brian Hiatt averred that "while the mostly up-tempo disc never lacks for energy, some of the more beat-driven tracks feel harmonically and melodically undercooked, with hooks that don't live up to 'Crazy in Love' or the best Destiny's Child hits".[18] Mike Joseph of PopMatters stated that "the album is solid", but because of its rushed production, he counter-argued that "aside from its relatively short running time, its sound suspiciously under produced".[22] Los Angeles Times writer Richard Cromelin gave the album three out of four stars and commented that "Some of the experiments don't click, but by reconfiguring and repurposing century-spanning components of black music [...] she's gained an artistic high ground".[78] Andy Kellman of Allmusic stated that Knowles' "hurryness" in the album produced "no songs with the smooth elegance" of "Me, Myself and I" or "Be with You"; he however added, "there is nothing desperate or weak about this album".[20] The Guardian's Caroline Sullivan wrote favorably of the album's female-oriented themes and stated "Apart from a few pop-R&B space-fillers, there's not much to dislike about B'Day".[71]

The album was nominated for five Grammy Awards, including "Best Contemporary R&B Album", "Best Female R&B Vocal Performance" for "Ring the Alarm" and "Best R&B Song" and "Best Rap/Sung Collaboration" for "Déjà Vu". The Freemasons club mix of "Déjà Vu" without the rap was put forward in the "Best Remixed Recording, Non-Classical" category. B'Day won the award for "Best Contemporary R&B Album" at the 49th Grammy Awards.[79] The following year, B'Day received two Grammy nominations for Record of the Year for "Irreplaceable" and Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals for "Beautiful Liar". In the same year, she also received a Grammy nomination for her work on Dreamgirls.[80]

Controversies

The cover art for the single "Ring the Alarm" fueled controversy after Knowles used alligators during the photo shoot. Knowles revealed that using the animal and taping their mouths shut was her idea. PETA, an animal rights organization which had previously confronted her after she had used furs for her fashion line's clothing design, contacted a biologist who later wrote a letter to her, stating "As a specialist in reptile biology and welfare, I'm concerned about your posing with a terrified baby alligator for your new album cover. Humans and alligators are not natural bedfellows, and the two should not mix at events such as photo shoots. In my view, doing so is arguably abusive to an animal."[81]

In 2007, Knowles appeared on billboards and newspapers across Australia showing her holding an antiquated cigarette holder. Taken from the back cover of B'Day, the image provoked response from an anti-smoking group, stating that she did not need to add the cigarette holder "to make herself appear more sophisticated".[82]

In the same year, three weeks after their release,[83] the deluxe edition and the video anthology DVD were temporarily ceased for retail in stores. A lawsuit was filed for breach of contract of using "Still in Love (Kissing You)", a version of British singer Des'ree's original song "Kissing You".[84] Not intended for the album's inclusion, Des'ree's deal also stipulated that the title of the song was not to be altered, and a video was not to be made.[83] After the infringement case, the re-issued version of the album does not include the track,[83] and instead includes "If" as a replacement. The lawsuit was dismissed with prejudice in October 2007.[85]

Track listing

No. Title Writer(s) Producer(s) Length
1. "Déjà Vu" (featuring Jay-Z) Beyoncé Knowles, Rodney Jerkins, Delisha Thomas, Makeba, Keli Nicole Price, Shawn Carter Rodney Jerkins, Beyoncé Knowles 4:00
2. "Get Me Bodied"   B. Knowles, Kasseem Dean, Sean Garrett, Makeba, Angela Beyincé, Solange Knowles Swizz Beatz, Beyoncé Knowles, Sean Garrett 3:25
3. "Suga Mama"   Knowles, Rich Harrison, Makeba, Chuck Middleton Rich Harrison, Beyoncé Knowles 3:24
4. "Upgrade U" (featuring Jay-Z) B. Knowles, MK, Makeba, Garrett, Beyincé, Carter, Willie Clarke, Clarence Reid, S. Knowles Cameron Wallace, Beyoncé Knowles, Swizz Beatz (add) 4:32
5. "Ring the Alarm"   Knowles, Dean, Garrett Swizz Beatz, Beyoncé Knowles 3:23
6. "Kitty Kat"   Knowles, Pharrell Williams, Carter The Neptunes, Beyoncé Knowles 3:55
7. "Freakum Dress"   Knowles, Harrison, Makeba Rich Harrison, Beyoncé Knowles 3:20
8. "Green Light"   Knowles, Williams, Garrett The Neptunes, Beyoncé Knowles 3:29
9. "Irreplaceable"   Shaffer Smith, Knowles, Mikkel S. Eriksen, Tor Erik Hermansen, Espen Lind, Amund Bjørklund StarGate, Beyoncé Knowles, Ne-Yo (co) 3:47
10. "Resentment"   B. Knowles, Walter Millsap III, Candice Nelson, Curtis Mayfield Walter Millsap III, Beyoncé Knowles, Candice Nelson (co) 4:40

Deluxe Edition

North American deluxe edition

On digital copies "World Wide Woman" is a non-hidden track placed at track 8, and other songs are pushed down the track order.[86]

International deluxe edition
Notes
  • "Suga Mama" samples "Searching for Soul" by Jake Wade and the Soul Searchers.
  • "Upgrade U" samples "Girls Can't Do What the Guys Do (And Still Be a Lady)" by Betty Wright.
  • "Resentment" samples "Think (Instrumental)" by Curtis Mayfield.
  • "Encore for the Fans" contains "Encore for the Fans (Interlude)", "Listen" and "Get Me Bodied (Extended Mix)".

Personnel

Credits for B'Day are adapted from album liner notes.[10]

  • Jason Agel – assistant recording
  • Omar Al-Musfi – Arabic percussion
  • Roberto Almodovar – recording engineering
  • Allen "Al Geez" Arthur – horns
  • Aplril Baldwin – artists and repertoire administration
  • Aureo Baqueiro – vocal direction for Alejandro Fernández
  • Reyli Barba – writing
  • Robert Becker – viola
  • Andres Bermudez – recording
  • Angela Beyincé – writing
  • Amund Bjorklund – writing
  • Tim Blacksmith – Stargate management
  • Aaron Brougher – artists and repertoire coordinator
  • Denyse Buffum – viola
  • Bun Bvocals (Rap-a-Lot)
  • David Campbell – string arrangement and conducting
  • Roberto Cani – violin
  • Tim Carmon – keyboards
  • Sean Carrington – guitar
  • Jim Caruana – recording engineering
  • Gustavo Celis – recording engineering
  • Olgui Chirino – vocal production
  • Fusako Chubachi – art direction, design
  • Willie Clarke – writing
  • Andrew Coleman – assistant recording
  • Larry Corbett – cello
  • Tom Coyne – mastering
  • Jasmin Cruz – background vocals
  • Scott Cutler – writing
  • Danny D. – Stargate management
  • Lawshawn Daniels – writing
  • Mario Deleon – violin
  • Ian Dench – writing
  • Robert "LB" Dorsey – recording
  • Andrew Duckles – viola
  • Bruce Dukov – violin (concertmaster)
  • Nathan East – bass
  • Paco "El Sevillano" – gypsy chant
  • Mikkel S. Eriksen – writing, instruments
  • Alejandro Fernández – vocals (Sony BMG Mexico)
  • Jaime Flores – writing
  • Paul Forat – artists and repertoire
  • Sean Garrett – writing, production
  • Amanda Ghost – writing
  • Jason Goldstein – mixing
  • Aaron "Goody" Goode – horns
  • Erwin Gorosita – art direction
  • Max Gousse – artists and repertoire
  • Alan Grunfeld – violin
  • Rich Harrison – writing, production, mixing
  • Tor Erik Hermansen – writing, instruments
  • Geraldo Hilera – violin
  • Jean-Marie Horvat – mixing
  • Dabling "Hobby Boy" Howard – recording
  • Ty Hunter – styling
  • ILoveDust – logo design
  • Jun Ishizeki – recording
  • Eric Jackson – guitars
  • Quincy S. Jackson – marketing
  • Jay-Z – writing, vocals (Roc-A-Fella/Def Jam)
  • Rodney Jerkins – writing, production, mixing, music, horn arrangement
  • James Johnson – bass
  • Jon Jon – assistant production, bass
  • Ronald Judge – horns
  • Suzie Katayama – cello
  • Gimel "Young Guru" Keaton – recording
  • Hannah Khoury – violin, viola
  • Kimberly Kimble – hair
  • Rob Kinelski – assistant recording, assistant recording engineering
  • Beyoncé Knowles – writing, vocals, production, vocal production, executive production
  • Mathew Knowles – artists and repertoire, executive production, management
  • Solange Knowles – writing
  • Tina Knowles – styling
  • Henry Krieger – writing
  • Ricky Lawson – drums
  • Jolie Levine – music contracting
  • Espen Lind – writing, guitars
  • Dave Lopez – assistant recording, Pro Tools editing
  • Nathan Jenkins – recording
  • Julia Knapp – artists and repertoire operation
  • MK – writing
  • Riley Mackin – assistant recording
  • Miriam Makeba – writing
  • Manny Maroquin – mixing
  • Harvey Mason – percussion
  • Curtis Mayfield – writing
  • Vlado Meller – mastering
  • Chuck Middleton – writing
  • Colin Miller – assistant mixing, digital prep engineering, Pro Tools prep
  • Walter W. Millsap III – writing, production, music, Pro Tools editing
  • Mo Horns – horns
  • Naser Musa – oud
  • Candice C. Nelson – writing, co-production, music
  • The Neptunes – production
  • Ne-Yo – writing, co-production
  • Sara Parkins – violin
  • Dave "Hard Drive" Pensado – mixing
  • Rudy Perez – production, vocal production, arrangement, keyboards, programming, Spanish guitar, background vocals, vocal direction for Fernández
  • Clay Perry – keyboards, programming, Pro Tools editing
  • Denaun Porter – programming
  • Anne Preven – writing
  • Keli Nicole Price – writing
  • Boujemaa Razgui – ney
  • Clarence Reid – writing
  • Aaron Renner – recording
  • Geoff Rice – recording
  • Michele Richards – violin
  • Jared Robbins – assistant recording
  • Jamie Rosenberg – assistant recording
  • Kareem Roustom – violin arrangement, additional string arrangements
  • Shakira – vocals (Epic Records), additional production, arrangement, vocal production, violin arrangement, remixing
  • Haim Shtrum – violin
  • Dexter Simmons – mixing
  • Slim Thug – vocals (Star Trak/Geffen Records)
  • Daniel Smith – cello
  • Chris Spilfogel – recording
  • Stargateproduction, arrangement, recording engineering, programming
  • David Stearns – assistant recording engineering
  • Swizz Beatz – writing, production, additional production, mixing
  • Syience – writing, production
  • Shea Taylor – writing, production
  • Delisha Thomas – writing
  • Stayve Thomas – writing
  • Michael Tocci – recording
  • Rene Luis Toledo – Spanish guitar
  • Steve Tolle – assistant mixing
  • Francesca Tolot – makeup
  • The Underdogs – production
  • Max Vadukulphotography
  • Jeff Villanueva – recording
  • Rommel Nino Villanueva – recording
  • Visitante – programming
  • Cameron Wallace – production
  • John Weston – recording engineering, digital editing (strings)
  • Pharrell Williams – writing
  • John Wittenburg – violin
  • Shane Woodley – recording, assistant recording
  • Kenneth Yerke – violin

Charts and certifications

Charts

Chart (2006) Peak
position
Australian Albums Chart[62] 8
Austrian Albums Chart[62] 13
Belgian Albums Chart (Flanders)[62] 7
Belgian Albums Chart (Wallonia)[62] 12
Canadian Albums Chart[64] 3
Danish Albums Chart[62] 8
Dutch Albums Chart[62] 5
European Top 100 Albums[61] 3
Finnish Albums Chart[62] 23
French Albums Chart[62] 12
German Albums Chart[63] 5
Greek Albums Chart[87] 3
Hungarian Albums Chart[88] 22
Irish Albums Chart[89] 3
Italian Albums Chart[62] 10
Japanese Albums Chart[90] 4
Mexican Albums Chart[62] 9
New Zealand Albums Chart[62] 8
Norwegian Albums Chart[62] 6
Polish Albums Chart[91] 33
Portuguese Albums Chart[62] 8
Spanish Albums Chart[62] 5
Swedish Albums Chart[62] 15
Swiss Albums Chart[62] 2
UK Albums Chart[58] 3
U.S. Billboard 200[64] 1
U.S. Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums[64] 1

Year-end charts

Chart (2006) Rank
Australian Urban Albums Chart[92] 13
Japanese Albums Chart[93] 55
Swiss Albums Chart[94] 96
U.S. Billboard 200[56] 38
U.S. Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums[95] 8
Worldwide Charts[96] 6
Chart (2007) Rank
Australian Urban Albums Chart[97] 13
Swiss Albums Chart[98] 82
U.S. Billboard 200[99] 11
U.S. Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums[100] 6
Worldwide Charts[96] 38
Chart (2008) Rank
U.S. Billboard 200[101] 170
U.S. Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums[102] 85

Certifications

Country Certification
Australia Platinum[66]
Belgium Gold[103]
Canada Platinum[65]
Denmark Gold[104]
Europe Platinum[105]
France Gold[106]
Germany Gold[107]
Greece Gold[108]
Hungary Gold[109]
Ireland 3× Platinum[110]
Japan Platinum (standard)[111]
Gold (deluxe)[112]
Mexico Gold[113]
New Zealand Platinum[67]
Portugal Gold[114]
Romania Gold[115]
Russia 3× Platinum[116]
Spain Gold[117]
Switzerland Gold[118]
United Kingdom Platinum (standard)[60]
Gold (deluxe)[60]
United States 3× Platinum[55]

Awards

Awards ceremony Year Nominated work Award Result
American Music Awards[119] 2007 B'Day Favorite Album for Soul/R&B Nominated
BET Awards[120][121] 2006 "Check on It" Best Duet/Collaboration Nominated
Video of the Year Nominated
2007 "Irreplaceable" Viewers Choice Award Nominated
Video of The Year Won
"Beautiful Liar" Nominated
"Déjà Vu" Best Collaboration Nominated
"Upgrade U" Nominated
Grammy Awards[79][80] 2007 B'Day Best Contemporary R&B Album Won
"Ring the Alarm" Best Female R&B Vocal Performance Nominated
"Déjà Vu" Best R&B Song Nominated
Best Rap/Sung Collaboration Nominated
2008 "Irreplaceable" Record of the Year Nominated
"Beautiful Liar" Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals Nominated
International Dance Music Awards[122] 2007 "Déjà Vu" Best R&B/Urban Dance Track Nominated
Best Pop Dance Track Nominated
Ivor Novello Awards[123] 2008 "Beautiful Liar" Best-Selling British Single Won
Latin Grammy Awards[124] 2007 "Bello Embustero" Record of the Year Nominated
Music of Black Origin Awards[125] 2006 "Déjà Vu" Best Song Won
Best Video Won
MTV Europe Music Awards[126] 2007 "Beautiful Liar" Most Addictive Track Nominated
MTV Music Video Awards[127][128] 2006 "Check on It" Best R&B Video Won
2007 "Irreplaceable" Video of the Year Nominated
Best Female Video Nominated
"Beautiful Liar" Nominated
Most Earthshattering Collaboration Won
Best Direction Nominated
Best Editing Nominated
Best Choreography Nominated
MTV Video Music Awards Japan[129] 2008 "Beautiful Liar" Best Collaboration Nominated
NAACP Image Awards[130] 2007 B'Day Outstanding Album Nominated
"Irreplaceable" Outstanding Song Nominated
Outstanding Music Video Nominated
2008 "Beautiful Liar" Nominated
Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards[131] 2007 "Irreplaceable" Favorite Song Won
OVMA[132] "Beautiful Liar" Best Choreography in a Video Won
People's Choice Awards[133] 2008 "Irreplaceable" Favorite Pop Song Nominated
"Beautiful Liar" Favorite R&B Song Nominated
Soul Train Music Awards[134][135] 2007 B'Day Best Female R&B/Soul Album Nominated
"Irreplaceable" Best R&B/Soul Single, Female Won
Best R&B/Soul or Rap Music Video Nominated
The Record of the Year[136] "Beautiful Liar" Record of the Year Nominated
VH1 Soul Vibe Awards[137] "Irreplaceable" Song of the Year Nominated
"Get Me Bodied" Video of the Year Nominated
World Music Awards[138] 2006 B'Day World's Best-Selling R&B Artist Won

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External links

Preceded by
Modern Times by Bob Dylan
U.S. Billboard 200 number-one album
September 23, 2006
Succeeded by
FutureSex/LoveSounds by Justin Timberlake
Preceded by
Best Thang Smokin' by Young Dro
U.S. Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums number-one album
September 23, 2006

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