Janus Henricus Donker Curtius
He arrived in Dejima in 1852, and was contemporary with the forcible opening of Japan by Commodore Matthew Perry in 1853. He was able to assist others, including Western diplomats, in the process of adjusting and working through unfamiliar Japanese customs and practices.
Donker Curtius arranged the 1855 delivery of Japan's first steam warship. The Dutch ship Soembing was renamed Kankō Maru and became the nation's first step in establishing a modern navy.
He established a format treaty between the Netherlands and Japan in 1856, and, in 1858 was the last Dutch chief ("opperhoofd") to make the ceremonial visit to Edo to pay tribute to the Shogun. During that last trip, he acquired a collection of 111 books on Rangaku, which are today preserved at Leiden University Library.
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