Piroska of Hungary
Piroska of Hungary (1088 –
13 August, 1134) was a daughter of Ladislaus I of Hungaryand Adelaide of Swabia. Her maternal grandparents were Rudolf of Rheinfeldand his second wife Adelheid of Savoy. Adelheid was a daughter of Otto of Savoyand Adelaide of Turin.
She was born in
Esztergomof the modern Komárom-Esztergomadministrative county. Her mother died in 1090 when Piroska was about two years old. Her father died on 29 July, 1095. Ladislaus was succeeded by his nephew Coloman of Hungarywho apparently was the new guardian of orphaned Piroska.
In an effort to improve relations with
Alexios I Komnenosof the Byzantine Empire, Coloman negotiated the marriage of Piroska to John II Komnenos. John II was the eldest son of Alexios I and Irene Doukaina. He was already co-ruler of his father since 1 September, 1092and was expected to succeed him. The negotiations were successful and Piroska married John in 1104. The marriage was recorded by Joannes Zonarasand John Kinnamos.
Following her conversion to the
Eastern Orthodox Churchand settlement in Constantinople, Piroska was renamed Irene. She and John had eight children. The primary source about their order of births is the chronicle of Niketas Choniates:
# Alexios Komnenos (February, 1106 - 1142), co-emperor from 1122 to 1142. His birth is recorded in the
Alexiadby Anna Komnene.
# Maria Komnene (twin to Alexios), who married John Roger Dalassenos.
# Andronikos Komnenos (died 1142).
# Anna Komnene, married Stephanos Kontostephanos.
# Isaac Komnenos (died 1154).
# Theodora Komnene (d.
12 May, 1157). , who married Manuel Anemas.
# Eudokia Komnene, who married Theodoros Vatatzes.
Manuel I Komnenos(died 1180).
Irene played little part in government, devoting herself to piety and their many children. Irene died on
August 13, 1134and was later venerated as Saint Irene.
Joannes Zonaras, Extracts of History.
John Kinnamos, Chronicle.
Anna Komnene, Alexiad
Niketas Choniates, Chronicle
* [http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/BYZANTIUM%2010571204.htm#_Toc150921123 Her profile along with her husband in "Medieval Lands" by Charles Cawley]
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