Nazis in fiction
During and after the Second World War, Nazism became a key driving force behind Allied propaganda, as well as the development of the superhero during the Golden Age of comics. Ideas that the Third Reich could have possibly implemented have helped to fuel various films, books and comics from 1939 to the present day. In almost all fictional use of Nazis, both during and after the war years, the Nazis are portrayed as cold-hearted, ruthless and evil. They are often stereotypically portrayed as wearing monocles and black uniforms.
Films and cartoons
Various propaganda films used the Nazis as a way to encourage patriotism and national pride, as well as a means to recruit soldiers into the Allied forces.
The British cinema were the main people to create such films before the American entry into the war following Pearl Harbor. The British comedian Will Hay created various films that ranged from Nazi spies being smuggled into mainland Britain via the Isle of Skye, to scientists working on gas-bombs.
American cinema at first used the Nazis only to show the stubbornness of the Reich, such as the 1940s film, Casablanca. American propaganda concentrated largely on the Japanese involvement in the war, with the Nazis as a backup.
The Looney Tunes and Walt Disney Studios used the Nazis as a ploy for their comic characters. However, Disney seemed to concentrate more on the German people within the Nazi Regime, as shown in their 1943 film, Der Fuehrers' Face, starring Donald Duck. Warner Brothers produced a series of propaganda cartoons named Private Snafu to train recruits on what not to do if they were in a situation similar to those in the cartoons.
Existing examples of films including fictituous Nazis include:
- The Eagle Has Landed - The rescue of Benito Mussolini in 1943 leads to Oberst (Colonel) Steiner leading a paratrooper division to assassinate Winston Churchill
The comic-book industry were able to boost their sales because of their help in the war effort meant that they were spared from paper recycling. Superheroes in particular, like Captain America were pictured as fighting the Nazis, both real and fictituous, in large battles. The better remembered version is of Captain America fighting Adolf Hitler himself. In Fawcett Comics the character Captain Marvel fought against the Monster Society of Evil, which included Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Hideki Tojo, along with Captain Nazi and Herr Phoul, a stereotypical Nazi officer. Captain Nazi was a superstrong perfect Nazi who was a major enemy of Captain Marvel Jr.. Hitler was shown in the hellish realm of the demon Mephisto in a Thor comic, and in a story where the demon Sattanish resurrects and empowers four historical murderors to form a Lethal Legion, one of them is Heinrich Himmler, who is given the power to belch gas fumes from his mouth.
The retro-comic-book company, Big Bang Comics, have recreated a lot of Golden Age comics using Nazi characters for villains, ranging from Nazi spies to saboteurs. The All-Star Squadron of DC Comics was another retro-comic produced in the style of World War II propaganda comics. A tactic also used in the Amalgam Comics run with Super Soldier.
By the beginning of the Silver Age of Comics in the 1960s, the focus of the Nazi threat turned to the threat of Communism with the rise of the Cold War. In the Flashpoint event Nazis are occupying Brazil.
Various books written during wartime were few and far-between, partially from National Service that called up a large amount of volunteers, and the other from paper rationing. Outside of comics, only a few books were ever written for propaganda purposes. Those that were tended to work along the lines of the comic books.
List of fictitious Nazis
- Arnold Toht - a psychotic Gestapo agent in Raiders of the Lost Ark
- Oberst Kurt Steiner - played by Michael Caine in The Eagle Has Landed
- Oberst Wilhelm Klink - played by Werner Klemperer on Hogan's Heroes
- Red Skull - A Marvel Comics character
- Ultra-Metallo - A Nazi super-robot from Amalgam Comics
- Rudolph Müller - A Will Hay character, a spy
- Green Skull - Another Amalgam Comics character
- Baron Zemo - A Nazi aristocrat in Marvel Comics who after the war escaped to South America.
- Von Vulture - An anthropomorphic vulture who appeared alongside Daffy Duck
- Ingrid Weiss - A Neo-Nazi who fought Tom Strong
- Super Stormtrooper - A Big Bang Comics character, a Waffen-SS soldier
- Hitler Youth - Another Big Bang Comics character
- Oberst Max Radl - Appears in The Eagle Has Landed, organized the supposed kidnapping of Winston Churchill
- Franz Leibkind - A Neo-Nazi who wrote Springtime for Hitler
- Heinrich von Gitfinger - A Neo-Nazi featured in Captain Kremmen
- Captain Nazi - A DC Comics villain
- Baron Blitzkrieg - Foe of the All-Star Squadron.
- Hauptmann Englande - An alternate Captain Britain from a world where the Nazis won World War II.
- The Z-34 - An excavator/submarine machine featured in Big Bang Comics
- Zwerg - Assistant to Baron Blitzkrieg
- General von Talon - A Nazi falcon played by Tim Curry in the 2005 film, Valiant
- Herr Otto Flick, a Gestapo officer in 'Allo 'Allo!
- Alfred Hoffman in the Fringe episode "The Bishop Revival"
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
SCIENCE FICTION AND FANTASY, JEWISH — Fantasy is a genre of literature in which realistic narratives are disrupted by unnatural or unexplainable events. The term Science Fiction (SF) emerged during the 1930s as a catchall descriptor for a publishing category with roots traceable to… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Parallel universe (fiction) — A parallel universe or alternative reality is a hypothetical self contained separate reality coexisting with one s own. A specific group of parallel universes is called a multiverse , although this term can also be used to describe the possible… … Wikipedia
Indiana Jones (univers de fiction) — Indiana Jones Indiana Jones Alias … Wikipédia en Français
Space Nazis — (or sometimes Evil Alien Space Nazis) is a recurring theme among many science fiction works dealing with World War II, often completely disconnected from storylines as a whole (so called one shot episodes). The theme is already evident in Robert… … Wikipedia
Moon landings in fiction — For other uses, see Moon landing (disambiguation). Humans have imagined Moon landings long before the science and technology existed to actually perform them. Because of its extreme difficulty and otherworldly nature, a successful Moon landing is … Wikipedia
List of alternate history fiction — This is a list of alternate history fiction, sorted by type.Novels19th century* 1845. P. s Correspondence by Nathaniel Hawthorne, a New Englander is treated as a madman because of being able to perceive a different a reality in which long dead… … Wikipedia
Mars in fiction — Fictional representations of Mars have been popular for over a century. Interest in Mars has been stimulated by the planet s dramatic red color, by early scientific speculations that its surface conditions might be capable of supporting life, and … Wikipedia
U.S. television science fiction — is a popular genre of television in the United States that has produced many of the best known and most popular science fiction shows in the world. Most famous of all, and one of the most influential science fiction series in history, is the… … Wikipedia
Personnage de fiction — Pour les articles homonymes, voir personnage. Alice, personnage de fiction emblématique de l œuvre de Lewis Carroll. Un personnage de fiction, ou car … Wikipédia en Français
Tintin (univers de fiction) — Les Aventures de Tintin et Milou Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tintin (homonymie). Les Aventures de Tintin et Milou Série … Wikipédia en Français