- Locke, California
Infobox_nrhp2 | name =Locke Historic District
caption = The main street of Locke, in 2006, has some Chinese shops among habitations.
location= Bounded on the W by the Sacramento River, on the N by Locke Rd., on the E by Alley St., and on the S by Levee St.,
lat_degrees = 38
lat_minutes = 15
lat_seconds = 2
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 121
long_minutes = 30
long_seconds = 34
long_direction = W
locmapin = California
area = 14 acres
architecture= Gothic, Other
December 14, 1990cite web|url=http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=1080&ResourceType=District
title=Locke Historic District |accessdate=2008-02-13|work=National Historic Landmark summary listing|publisher=National Park Service]
May 06, 1971cite web|url=http://www.nr.nps.gov/|title=National Register Information System|date=2007-01 -23|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service]
governing_body = Private
Locke, California. also known as Locke Historic District, is an unincorporated community built by Chinese immigrants during the early 20th century. It was originally named Lockeport after George Locke, a local land owner. It is located in the primarily agricultural region south of
Sacramento, California, near State Route 160. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Placesin 1971 and further was designated a National Historic Landmark Districtin 1990 due to its unique example of a historic Chinese American rural community.
The ZIP Code is 95690, and the community is inside
area code 916.
The official US Geological Survey, National Geographic Names Database (NGND) ID 1656136. The NAD83 latitude and longitude listed in NGND is coord|38|15|02|N|121|30|34|W.
In 1915, the Chinatown of nearby Walnut Grove was destroyed and burned after an accidental fire thus causing a migration of Chinese into neighboring areas. Afterwards, the town of Locke was leased, settled and established by
Yuehai-speaking Chinese (a subdialect of Cantonese) from the Zhongshan region of Guangdongprovince in China. Differing in some respects from the predominant Toisanese Chinese-speakers in practice, they created a town of their own. The land was leased from George Locke as California law at the time forbid the selling of farmland to Asian immigrants. Many Chinese immigrants were facing massive discrimination in the major cities. It is a town built completely "by the Chinese for the Chinese" and can be considered a distinct rural Chinatownenclave. Like many other Chinatowns, it had a Chinese-language school, general stores, and restaurants. Because of its relatively large population of Chinese people at the time, the Chinese Kuomintangpolitical party once had a local chapter in Locke.
Ironically, however, the current population of Locke is predominantly white and the population of
Chinese Americans(i.e., descendants of the town's original settlers) is 10. During the 1940s and 1950s, many of Locke's Chinese Americans, many of whom received better education, began joining the American mainstream by moving out of rural Locke and into the burgeoning suburbs of the major cities.
The Locke Historic District bounded on the west by the
Sacramento River, on the north by Locke Rd., on the east by Alley St., and on the south by Levee St. The district was added to the National Register of Historic Placeson May 6, 1971.
Hong Kong-based developer purchased the town in 1977 and sold it in 2002 to the Sacramento Housing and Redevelopment Agency. In 2004, the agency finally allowed the sale of land to those who had been living on it for many years. There have been plans to convert Locke into a housing development and tourist attraction. Plans are under way to use state and federal grant money to convert the boarding house (now owned by the California Department of State Parks) into a museum.
The Locke Historic District was designated a
National Historic Landmarkon December 14, 1990.citation|title=PDFlink| [http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Text/71000174.pdf National Register of Historic Places Registration: Locke / Locke Historic District] |32 KB|date=June 21, 1990 |author=James H. Charleton |publisher=National Park Service (includes map) and PDFlink| [http://pdfhost.focus.nps.gov/docs/NHLS/Photos/71000174.pdf "Accompanying photos, exterior and interior, from 19."] |32 KB]
In the state legislature Locke is located in the 5th Senate District, represented by Democrat
Michael Machado, and in the 15th Assembly District, represented by Republican Guy S. Houston. Federally, Locke is located in California's 10th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of D +9 [cite web | title = Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest? | publisher = Campaign Legal Center Blog | url=http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html | accessdate = 2008-02-10] and is represented by Democrat Ellen Tauscher.
* [http://www.locketown.com Locke, California] - Official site with in-depth history
* [http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/locke/locke.htm Locke and Walnut Grove: Havens for Early Asian Immigrants in California] Teaching with Historic Places Lesson Plans from the National Park Service
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