Urban-type settlement


Urban-type settlement

Urban-type settlement ( _ru. посёлок городско́го ти́па, "posyolok gorodskogo tipa"; _ua. селище міського типу, "selyshche mis'koho typu"; abbreviated as _ru. п.г.т. in Russian and as _ua. с.м.т. in Ukrainian) is an official designation for a certain type of urban localities used in some of the countries of the former Soviet Union.

An urban-type settlement was one of the results of Soviet urban design, a locality intermediate in character and status between cities/towns and rural localities.

Some urban-type settlements are similar in size to some rural localities; however, their infrastructure is urban. Other urban-type settlements are similar in size and infrastructure to some small towns. Usually they are centered around a single industry. One of the defining features of an urban-type settlement in the former USSR was economic independence from agriculture.

oviet Union

In the Soviet Union the criteria of urban-type settlements were set independently by the Soviet Republics. Those criteria, however, only differed very slightly from one republic to another.

Russian SFSR

In the Russian SFSR, urban-type settlements were subdivided into three types:
* Work settlements ( _ru. рабочие посёлки): localities with factories, mining industry, power stations, construction industry, with population of at least 3,000 and with at least 85% of the population being workers, professionals, and the members of their families;
* Resort settlements ( _ru. курортные посёлки): localities focusing on resort and health facilities (around beaches, mineral water spas, etc.), with population of at least 2,000, with at least 50% of the average annual population being non-permanent residents;
* Suburban (dacha) settlements ( _ru. дачные посёлки): settlements with a focus on private summer-time and weekend recreation, with no more than 25% of the permanent population being employed in the agricultural sector.

Ukrainian SSR

In 1981, the Supreme Soviet of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic defined an urban-type settlement as follows:
* a locality of not less than 2,000 inhabitants [Ukrainian Soviet Encyclopedia ("Українська радянська енциклопедія"), vol. 10, p. 94 , 1983] , consisting of at least ⅔ workers or government employees or their families;
* with industrial enterprises, buildings, and a railroad connection;
* localities with educational or research institutions;
* with sanatoria or recreational institutions.

In exceptional cases, even localities of 500 to 2,000 inhabitants could attain urban-type settlement status, if they had economic development potential.

Russian Federation

In modern Russia, the task of setting the criteria of urban-type settlements is delegated to the federal subjects. In most cases, the federal subject's legislative body is responsible for all administrative and territorial changes, including granting and revoking of the urban-type settlement and town status.

ee also

* Subdivisions of Russia
* Subdivisions of Ukraine

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dikson (urban-type settlement) — For other uses, see Dikson (disambiguation). Dikson (English) Диксон (Russian)    …   Wikipedia

  • Muyezersky (urban-type settlement) — For other uses, see Muyezersky. Coordinates: 63°56′00″N 31°39′00″E / 63.9333°N 31.65°E / 63.9333; 31.65 …   Wikipedia

  • Dunaivtsi (urban-type settlement) — For other uses, see Dunaivtsi (disambiguation). Dunaivtsi Дунаївці …   Wikipedia

  • Seymchan (urban-type settlement) — Seymchan ( ru. Сеймчан) is an urban type settlement in the Magadan Oblast in the Russian Far East. It is the administrative center of the Srednekansky District.Local geographyThe settlement lies on the Seymchan River near where it joins the… …   Wikipedia

  • Plastun (urban-type settlement) — Plastun ( ru. Пластун) is an urban type settlement and the most populous settlement of Terneysky District, Primorsky Krai, Russia. Population: 6,133 (2005 est.); [ ru. Официальный сайт Законодательного Собрания Приморского края.… …   Wikipedia

  • Enem (urban-type settlement) — Enem ( ru. Энем; ad. Инам) is an urban type settlement in Takhtamukaysky District of the Republic of Adygea, Russia, located 245 km north west of Maykop. Population: ru census|p2002=17654|p1989=17843Enem is situated on the Krasnodar–Novorossiysk… …   Wikipedia

  • Tulsky (urban-type settlement) — Tulsky ( ru. Тульский) is an urban type settlement in the Republic of Adygea, Russia, located on the right bank of the Belaya River (Kuban s tributary) 12 km south of Maykop. It is the administrative center of Maykopsky District. Population:… …   Wikipedia

  • Chupa (urban-type settlement) — Chupa ( ru. Чупа) is an urban type settlement in Loukhsky District of the Republic of Karelia, Russia, located on the coast of the White Sea, 629 km north of Petrozavodsk. Population: 4,061 (2002 Census); 5,214 (1989 Census).The settlement of… …   Wikipedia

  • Svetlaya (urban-type settlement) — Svetlaya ( ru. Светлая, lit. light , bright ) is an urban type settlement in Terneysky District, Primorsky Krai, Russia, located in the mouth of the Svetlaya River. Population: 1,100 (2005 est.); 1,136 (2002 Census); 1,110 (1989 Census). It is… …   Wikipedia

  • Sheksna (urban-type settlement) — Sheksna ( ru. Шексна) is an urban type settlement in Vologda Oblast, Russia, located along the left bank of the Sheksna River, 83 km from Vologda. Population: 15,900 (2005 est.);fact|date=March 2008 ru census|p02=21615|p89=15928References …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.