George Toogood Smith


George Toogood Smith

Infobox Person
name = George Toogood Smith


image_size =
caption = George Smith
birth_date = 1903
birth_place = Liverpool
death_date = death date and age|1955|6|05|1903|1|1|df=y
occupation = Milkman, Bookmaker
spouse = Mimi Smith (née Stanley)
parents = Alice Smith (name of father unknown)
children = None (Legal guardian of John Lennon)

George Toogood Smith (1903–5 June 1955) was the maternal uncle, through marriage, of John Lennon. Smith operated his family's two dairy farms and a retail outlet with his brother, Frank Smith, in the village of Woolton, Liverpool. The farms had been in the Smith family for four generations, but after the start of World War II, they were taken over by the British Government for war work.

Smith started courting Mimi Stanley in the spring of 1932, but was thwarted by her indifference and her father's interference. After delivering milk to the hospital where she worked he gave her an ultimatum that she must marry him, "or nothing at all!" On 15 September 1939, she finally married him. They bought a semi-detached house called "Mendips", named after the range of hills, at 251 Menlove Avenue, Liverpool.

Lennon lived with Smith and his wife for the majority of his childhood, and Smith taught the young Lennon to read, read him nursery rhymes at night, and later taught Lennon how to solve crossword puzzles. He also taught him to draw and paint and bought him his first mouth organ. Smith collapsed and died on a Sunday at his home of a liver haemorrhage, aged 52, and was buried in St Peter’s Church graveyard, Woolton.

Early years

Although George Toogood Smith's father's name is unknown, his mother was Alice Smith (d. 1949, aged 80) who had four children: Eleanor (1896–1965, aged 70) Robert (1899–1918, aged 20) George (1903–1955, aged 52) and Frank (unknown). (Her second child, Robert, was killed in action in France on 30 August 1918—shortly before the end of World War I on 11 November 1918). Smith operated his family's two dairy farms and a shop with his brother Frank in the village of Woolton. The farms had been in the Smith family for four generations. Smith delivered milk by horse and cart in the Woolton area. The raw milk he provided was stored in a large churn and was ladled out into the bottles and receptacles of customers. Cynthia Lennon “John” (2006) p56]

When other girls were thinking of marriage, Mimi Stanley talked of challenges and adventures. She once confided that she never wanted to get married, as she hated the idea of being "tied to the kitchen sink". Spitz (2005) p20] She became a resident trainee nurse at the Woolton Convalescent Hospital, to which Smith delivered milk very morning. Smith started seriously courting Mimi in the spring of 1932, but was constantly thwarted by her indifference and her father's interference. George Stanley (Mimi's father) would only allow the couple to sit in the back room of the family home in Newcastle Road when he or his wife were in the front room, and before it grew too late he would burst into the back room and loudly order Smith home. The courtship lasted almost seven years, but Smith grew tired of waiting, so after delivering milk to the hospital one morning he gave her an ultimatum that she must marry him, "or nothing at all!" Spitz 2005. p20] The youngest sister of the Stanley family, Julia Stanley, got married to Alfred Lennon nine months before, on 3 December 1938. Spitz (2005) pp20–21]

Marriage

On 15 September 1939, Mimi finally married Smith. They bought a semi-detached house called called "Mendips" (named after the range of hills) at 251 Menlove Avenue (across the road from the Allerton Park golf course) in a middle-class area of Liverpool. Miles (1998) p43] [cite web |url=http://www.ramblers.org.uk/INFO/paths/mendip.html |title=Mendip Way |accessdate=2007-04-21 | publisher= The Ramblers Association ] After World War II started the British Government took over the Smith family's farmland for war work, and they had to find other sources of income.cite web |first= |last= |url=http://www.lennon.net/familytree/sub/george_smith.shtml |title=Relationship: Uncle of John Lennon - 1903 - 5 June 1955 |publisher=The Liverpool Lennons |date=2004|accessdate=2008-05-23]

Menlove Avenue suffered extensive damage during the war, and Smith and his wife often had to throw a wet blanket on incendiary bombs that fell in their garden. Spitz (2005) p24] Smith was called up for military service, but was discharged three years later, and subsequently worked in an aircraft factory in Speke until the end of the war. Smith later left the milk trade and started a small bookmaker's business, which led his wife to complain that Smith was a compulsive gambler, and had lost most of their money. Cynthia Lennon “John” (2006) pp142–143] During 1942–1943, Mimi's sister Julia lived with Lennon at "The Dairy Cottage"; 120a Allerton Road, Woolton, which was owned by the Smith family. cite web |first= |last= |url=http://wooltonvillageuk.tripod.com/VisitingWoolton.htm |title=Visiting Woolton? |publisher=Woolton Village UK |accessdate=2008-05-24]

John Lennon

Lennon lived with Smith and his wife for the majority of his childhood when his mother Julia (under pressure from the local authorities, Mimi, and the Stanley family) was told that she was unable to care for her son. Julia was eventually forced to hand the care of Lennon over to Mimi and George, who had no children of their own. Cynthia Lennon “John” (2006) p55] Lennon then lived continuously at "Mendips", in the smallest bedroom above the front door. Spitz (2005) p31] Miles (1998) p43] Lennon later talked about "Mendips" and the area around it: "I lived in the suburbs in a nice semi-detached place with a small garden and doctors and lawyers and that ilk living around... not the poor slummy kind of image that was projected in all The Beatles' stories". ”The Beatles Anthology” DVD 2003 (Episode 1 - 0:05:43) Lennon talking about being raised by Smith and Mimi.] Smith was very fond of Lennon, and his softer approach to parenting was in stark contrast to his stern wife, who based everything on decorum, honesty, and a black-and-white attitude; either you were good enough or you were not. Spitz (2005) p19] Pete Shotton—Lennon's school friend—later commented that "Mimi had a very strong sense of what was right or wrong". Spitz (2005) p19] In contrast, Smith used to give the young Lennon "squeakers" (kisses) that his wife did not approve of. Cynthia Lennon “John” (2006) p56]

Smith taught the four-year-old Lennon to read by reading out loud the headlines of the Liverpool Echo, read him nursery rhymes at night, and later taught Lennon how to solve crossword puzzles. Smith told Lennon that words did not have to be taken at face value, as they had many different meanings, which Lennon would later use in his writing. Spitz (2005) p32] He also taught Lennon to draw and paint and bought him his first mouth organ.cite web |first=Bill |last=Kiesling |url=http://www.yardbird.com/what_if_they_gave_a_revolution.htm |title=What if they gave a revolution and nobody came? |publisher=Yardbird Books |date=2006 |accessdate=2008-05-23] cite web |first=Graham |last= |url=http://www.stpeters-woolton.org.uk/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=50&Itemid=131 |title=The Beatles’ Connection |publisher=St. Peter’s Church, Woolton |date=2005 |accessdate=2008-05-23] Mimi admitted that she never had the time to "go playing ducks in the bath with him" (Lennon) but that Smith would put Lennon to bed nearly every night. Smith often took Lennon and his cousins to the cinema or the park, even though he worked at night and early in the morning on the farm and his milk round.cite web |first= |last= |url=http://www.lennon.net/familytree/sub/leila_harvey.shtml |title=Relationship: Cousin of John Lennon - Born: 1937 Egypt |publisher=The Liverpool Lennons |date=2004 |accessdate=2008-05-23] When the cousins played outside Smith allowed them to eat meals with their hands in the garden shed. Spitz (2005) p32] During the school holidays Lennon and his cousins were allowed to accompany Smith on his milk rounds, and every year he allowed Lennon to place a bet on the Grand National.

Death

Smith collapsed on a Sunday at home of a liver haemorrhage (aged 52) and was buried in the graveyard of St. Peter's Church, Woolton, Liverpool, in the Smith family grave.cite web |first= |last= |url=http://www.liverpoolpictorial.co.uk/johnpaul/index.html |title=The Beatles Trail - Menlove Avenue to Woolton Village |publisher=Liverpool Pictorial |accessdate=2008-05-23] At the time of Smith's death, the fourteen-year-old Lennon was visiting members of the Stanley family in Sango Bay, Durness, Scotland, and was not informed until he returned home.cite web|first=Glenys |last=Roberts |url=http://www.dailymail.co.uk/pages/live/articles/news/news.html?in_article_id=430700&in_page_id=1770&ct=5 |title=All you need is love: The John Lennon story |publisher="Daily Mail"|date=2007-01-24|accessdate=2007-12-23] Lennon's first reaction was to laugh hysterically, but then to privately grieve and cry, Cynthia Lennon “John” (2006) p109] as he later did after hearing about the death of his mother three years later, and the death of Stuart Sutcliffe (The Beatles' first bass player) which were all major factors in Lennon's early life. Spitz (2005) p31] Miles (1998) p31] In the same year as Smith’s death the McCartney family moved to 20 Forthlin Road, which is only ¾ of a mile (1.2 km) from "Mendips".cite web |first=Chris |last=Ingham |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=htl2U1fPq8QC&pg=PA326&lpg=PA326&dq=rembrandt+mccartney&source=web&ots=Wm_6NQl0wz&sig=6nc0oRgcn8PxOVqoY7lXFoRJa70#PPA326,M1 |title=The Rough Guide to the Beatles |publisher=Rough Guides |accessdate=2008-05-24] Lennon would later meet Paul McCartney for the first time at St. Peter's Church, where Smith was buried.cite web |first= |last= |url=http://www.instantkarma.com/johnbio.html |title=John Ono Lennon |publisher=Instant Karma |accessdate=2008-05-23]

After Smith's death, Lennon insisted on wearing a large overcoat that had belonged to Smith, and even though it became worn and threadbare, Lennon wore it throughout his art college years. Cynthia Lennon “John” (2006) p59] Mimi never used the downstairs sitting rooms again after Smith's death (only using the breakfast room and the kitchen)cite web |first= |last= |url=http://www.lennon.net/Latest/mendips/mendips3.shtml |title=Photo Tour of "Mendips": The Kitchen |publisher=The Liverpool Lennons |accessdate=2008-05-23] and never replaced the furniture, which became old and faded. Cynthia Lennon “John” (2006) p142] Lennon continued to live at "Mendips" (and also for a time with his first wife Cynthia Lennon) until his early 20s, before moving to London. Cynthia Lennon “John” (2006) p139]

When Lennon was living in America he asked his half-sister, Julia Dykins, to send the clock that was previously in the living room at "Mendips", that had Smith's name (George Toogood Smith) inscribed onto a metal plate on the back.cite web |first=David |last=Bedford |url=http://www.britishbeatlesfanclub.co.uk/features/2007/0821_book_imaginethis.html |title=Imagine This - Growing Up with My Brother John Lennon |publisher=British Beatles Fan Club |date=2008 |accessdate=2008-05-23] cite web |first= |last= |url=http://www.lennon.net/Latest/mendips/mendips6.shtml |title=Photo Tour of "Mendips": The front room with clock |publisher=The Liverpool Lennons |accessdate=2008-05-23] In Lennon's last published interview, he said: "This image of me being an orphan is garbage, because I was well protected by my auntie and uncle [Smith and Mimi] and they looked after me very well, thanks". Spitz (2005) p33]

Notes

References

*Lennon, Cynthia] | title=John| publisher= year=2006 | id=ISBN 0340898283
*Miles, Barry
| title=Many Years From Now | publisher=Vintage-Random House | year=1998 | id=ISBN 0-7493-8658-4
*


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