Alternative Judaism


Alternative Judaism

Alternative Judaism or Agnostic Judaism refers to a variety of groups whose members, while identifying as Jews in some fashion, nevertheless do not practice Rabbinical Judaism as most other Jews.

Variety

Generally, beliefs of these groups are not compatible with mainstream Judaism. Instead, their beliefs fall outside of the traditional views of the Torah and Jewish law. These movements may be explicitly atheistic, or they may incorporate certain elements foreign to Judaism, such as pagan or other religious traditions. Mainstream Jewish movements often criticize alternative groups as “not being Jewish”, as alternative groups often follow ideas that fall outside two important parameters historically apparent in Jewish theology: the oneness of God and God’s non-corporeal nature. ["For most American Jews, it is acceptable to blend some degree of foreign spiritual elements with Judaism. The one exception is Christianity, which is perceived to be incompatible with any form of Jewishness. Jews for Jesus and other Messianic Jewish groups are thus seen as antithetical to Judaism and are completely rejected by the majority of Jews". (Kaplan, Dana Evan. "The Cambridge Companion to American Judaism", Cambridge University Press, Aug 15, 2005, p. 9).]

History

Alternative forms of Judaism are nothing new in Jewish history, and have appeared in the past in such forms as the Sabbateans and Frankists which fell outside the common Orthodox and Non-Orthodox (Reform, Conservative, Reconstructionist) classification of the four major streams of today's Jewish denominations. These may be combinations of secular Jewish culture and Jewish symbolism with non-Jewish religions and philosophies.

Alternative movements within Judaism

Modern alternative movements that have emerged from within traditional Judaism:
* Humanistic Judaism, an organized group that takes a non-theistic or agnostic approach to Judaism and which has around 50,000 members worldwide in over 60 congregations.
*
pages=pp. 448–449
quote=Messianic Jewish organizations, such as Jews for Jesus, often refer to their faith as fulfilled Judaism, in that they believe Jesus fulfilled the Messianic prophecies. Although Messianic Judaism claims to be Jewish, and many adherents observe Jewish holidays, most Jews regard Messianic Judaism as deceptive at best, fraudulent at worst. They charge that Messianic Judaism is actually Christianity presenting itself as Judaism. Jewish groups are particularly distressed at the aggressive evangelistic attempts on the part of Messianic Jews.] Jewish denominations,
*
pages=pg. 35
chapter=It’s More About "What" is the Messiah than "Who" is the Messiah
chapterurl =
quote=It should now be clear to you why Jews have such a problem with ‘Jews for Jesus’ or other presentations of Messianic Judaism. I have no difficulty with Christianity. I even accept those Christians who would want me to convert to Christianity so long as they don't use coercion or duplicity and are willing to listen in good faith to my reasons for being Jewish. I do have a major problem with those Christians who would try to mislead me and other Jews into believing that one can be both Jewish and Christian.] Messianic Jews are also not considered Jewish under the State of Israel's Law of Return.cite web
url=http://www.wwrn.org/article.php?idd=21820&sec=59&con=35
title=Aliyah with a cat, a dog and Jesus
accessdate=2007-02-20
last=Berman
first=Daphna
date=June 10, 2006
publisher=Haaretz
pages=
language=
archiveurl=
archivedate=
quote=In rejecting their petition, Supreme Court Justice Menachem Elon cited their belief in Jesus. ‘In the last two thousand years of history…the Jewish people have decided that messianic Jews do not belong to the Jewish nation…and have no right to force themselves on it,’ he wrote, concluding that ‘those who believe in Jesus, are, in fact Christians.’ The state's position is backed by all streams of normative Judaism, none of which recognizes messianic Jews as Jews.
]

ee also

* New Age
* Kabbalah Center
* Secular Humanism

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Judaism — This article is about the Jewish religion. For consideration of ethnic, historic, and cultural aspects of the Jewish identity, see Jews. Judaica (clockwise from top): Shabbat candl …   Wikipedia

  • Messianic Judaism — This article is about a religious movement or sect. For the Jewish religion, see Judaism. For the messiah in Judaism, see Jewish messianism. For specific messianic claimants, see Jewish Messiah claimants …   Wikipedia

  • Outline of Judaism — Main article: Judaism The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Judaism: Judaism – religion, philosophy, and way of life of the Jewish people,[1] based on the ancient Mosaic Law. Contents 1 History and branches 2 …   Wikipedia

  • REFORM JUDAISM — REFORM JUDAISM, first of the modern interpretations of Judaism to emerge in response to the changed political and cultural conditions brought about by the emancipation . The Reform movement was a bold historical response to the dramatic events of …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hasidic Judaism — Hasidic Jews praying in the synagogue on Yom Kippur, by Maurycy Gottlieb Part of a se …   Wikipedia

  • Conservative Judaism — (also known as Masorti Judaism outside of the United States and Canada) is a modern stream of Judaism that arose out of intellectual currents in Germany in the mid 19th century and took institutional form in the United States in the early 1900s.… …   Wikipedia

  • Christianity and Judaism — Part of a series of articles on Jews and Judaism …   Wikipedia

  • Matrilineality in Judaism — Part of a series of articles on Jews and Judaism …   Wikipedia

  • Names of God in Judaism — Part of a series on …   Wikipedia

  • Cultural Judaism — Part of a series of articles on Jews and Judaism …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.