Prize (law)

Prize is a term used in admiralty law to refer to equipment, vehicles, and vessels captured during armed conflict. The most common use of prize in this sense is the capture of an enemy ship and its cargo. In the past, it was common that the capturing force would be allotted a share of the worth of the captured prize. Nations often granted letters of marque which would entitle private parties to capture enemy property, usually ships. Once the ship was secured on friendly territory, it would be made the subject of a prize case, an "in rem" proceeding in which the court determined the status of the condemned property and the manner in which it was to be disposed of. Due to changes in the laws of war and the nature of warfare in general, prize litigation is very rare or nonexistent today.clarifyme|date=July 2008 For example, the German commerce raiding during World War I obtained several ships as prizes. [Lehmann Chapter VI]

There have been several abortive attempts to form an International Prize Court to hear appeals regarding captures of prizes.Fact|date=July 2008

Municipal law

United States

Prize law under United States municipal law is codified at UnitedStatesCode|10|7651|7681. As noted above, due to changes in the nature of naval warfare, the U.S. courts have not tried any prize cases under these statutes.Fact|date=July 2007

ee also

*Pillaging or Looting
*Prize rules
*Prize court
*Prize crew
*Commerce raiding


*Lehmann, Ernst A.; Mingos, Howard. The Zeppelins. The Development of the Airship, with the Story of the Zepplins Air Raids in the World War. [ Chapter VI THE NORTH SEA PATROL -- THE ZEPPELINS AT JUTLAND] (online chapter)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • prize law — During times of war, belligerent states may attempt to interfere with maritime commerce to prevent ships from carrying goods that will aid the war effort of an opponent. After ships are captured and brought to a friendly port, a local tribunal… …   Law dictionary

  • prize law — A body of international law under which the right to movable property and claimed a prize of war is determined. 56 Am J1st War § 180 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Prize crew — is a term used to indicate a number of crew members of a ship chosen to take over the operations of a captured ship. Early emphasis on prize crews In the early days of sailing and up into the American Civil War, capturing enemy ships was quite… …   Wikipedia

  • Law Wing-fai — (chinesisch 羅永暉 luó yǒng huī; * 1949) ist ein chinesischer Komponist. Leben Er studierte bis 1972 Musik (Bacherlor of Arts) an der National Taiwan Normal University und bis 1979 Musik (Master of Arts) an der University of California. Ab …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prize (disambiguation) — Prize may refer to:* Prize, an award received for merit. * Prize (law), a captured or recovered vessel * The Prize (novel), a 1962 novel by Irving Wallace * The Prize (film), a 1963 film based on the novel * , a 1991 book by Daniel Yerginee… …   Wikipedia

  • prize court — a court whose function it is to adjudicate on prizes taken in war. [1785 95, Amer.] * * * ▪ international law       a municipal (national) court in which the legality of captures of goods and vessels at sea and related questions are determined.… …   Universalium

  • Prize — For other uses, see Prize (disambiguation). A prize is an award to be given to a person or a group of people to recognise and reward actions or achievements.[1] Official prizes often involve monetary rewards as well as the fame that comes with… …   Wikipedia

  • prize — Anything offered as a reward of contest. A reward offered to the person who, among several persons or among the public at large, shall first (or best) perform a certain undertaking or accomplish certain conditions. An award or recompense for some …   Black's law dictionary

  • prize court — A court which administers prize law, adjudicating the right to property as prize of war. An anomaly in jurisprudence as a domestic court administering law of the nations. 56 Am J1st War § 182. Having taken goods of the enemy, the captors have a… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • prize — n 1: property (as a ship) lawfully captured in time of war 2: the wartime capture of a ship and its cargo at sea Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.