Central Greece


Central Greece
Continental/Central Greece
Στερεά/Κεντρική Ελλάδα
—  Region of Greece  —
Continental Greece within Greece
Capital Athens
Subdivisions
Area
 – Total 24,818.3 km2 (9,582.4 sq mi)
Population
 – Total 4,591,568 (2,001 census)
 – Density 185/km2 (479.1/sq mi)
Demonym Stereoelladites, Roumeliotes

Continental Greece (Greek: Στερεά Ελλάδα - Stereá Elláda, earlier Χέρσος Ελλάς - Chérsos Ellás) or Central Greece (Greek: Κεντρική Ελλάδα - Kentrikí Elláda), colloquially known as Roúmeli (Ρούμελη), is a geographical region of Greece. Its territory is divided into the administrative regions of Central Greece, Attica, and part of West Greece (Aetolia-Acarnania). Although Attica is part of the geographical region of Central Greece, it has recently been considered a separate region in itself.

Contents

Etymology

The region has traditionally been known as Roúmeli (Ρούμελη), a name deriving from the Turkish word Rumelia or Rumeli, meaning "the land of the Rum [the Romans, i.e. the Byzantine Greeks]". The official name Stereá Elláda ("Continental" or "Mainland" Greece), derives from the juxtaposition with the Peloponnese peninsula across the Corinthian Gulf, and the fact that these two territories formed the independent Greek state in 1832.

Flag of Central Greece and Attica.

Geography

Central Greece is the most populous geographical region of Greece, with a population of 4,591,568 people, and covers an area of 24,818.3 km², making it the second largest of the country. It is located to the north of the Peloponnese and to the south of Thessaly and Epirus, bordering the Aegean Sea to the east, the Ionian Sea to the west and the Corinthian Gulf to the south. Its climate is temperate along its coastlines, and dry in the interior.

Mountains

The region is one of the most mountainous in Greece, having some of the highest elevations in the country.

Number Mountain Height (m) Placed
in Greece
Prefecture
1 Giona
2,510
5th
Phocis
2 Vardousia
2,495
7th
Phocis
3 Parnassus
2,457
9th
Phocis, Boeotia
4 Tymfristos
2,315
16th
Evrytania, Phthiotis
5 Oeta
2,152
22nd
Phthiotis

Lakes

Central Greece has also some of the largest lakes in Greece, while amongst the most important is Mornos lake in Phocis, which supplies water around the prefecture, parts of the Phthiotis and Boeotia prefectures and Athens as well.

Number Lake Area (km²) Placed
in Greece
Prefecture
1 Trichonida
96,513
1st
Aetolia-Acarnania
2 Yliki
22,731
9th
Boeotia
3 Amvrakia
13,619
13th
Aetolia-Acarnania
4 Lysimachia
13,200
14th
Aetolia-Acarnania
5 Ozeros
10,013
16th
Aetolia-Acarnania

Rivers

Some important and well known rivers of Central Greece are Acheloos in Aetolia-Acarnania which is the second longest of the country, Spercheios in Phthiotis, Evenus in Aetolia-Acarnania and Mornos in Phocis.

Cities

The principal cities of the region of Central Greece according to the census of 2001 are:

  • Athens
    3,130,841 (Athens metropolitan area)
    • including all the towns around Athens urban area
    3,761,810)
  • Lamia
58,601
57,147
  • Chalkida
53,584
21,211
20,061

Culture

Roumelian music and dances

Roumelian dances tend to be slow and controlled. The clarinet is the main instrument in this region. The main dances of this region are tsamikos (an ancient warrior dance, in which the leader performs energetic leaps), mazochto and kangeli.

See also

  • Central Greece (region)

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Central Greece — Admin ASC 1 Code Orig. name Central Greece Country and Admin Code GR.ESYE24 GR …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Central Greece — noun one of the 13 peripheries of Greece …   Wiktionary

  • Central Greece (periphery) — Infobox Peri GR name = Continental Greece name local = Περιφέρεια Στερεάς Ελλάδας prefec = Boeotia Euboea Evrytania Phocis Phthiotis capital = Lamia population = 614614 population as of = 2005 area = 15549 website = [http://www.stereaellada.gr/… …   Wikipedia

  • International Airport of Central Greece — Infobox Airport name = Central Greece International Airport Nea Anchialos nativename = Διεθνής Αερολιμένας Κεντρικής Ελλαδος Νεα Ανχιαλος nativename a = nativename r = image width = caption = IATA = VOL ICAO = LGBL type = Public owner = Greek… …   Wikipedia

  • Greece — /grees/, n. 1. Ancient Greek, Hellas. Modern Greek, Ellas. a republic in S Europe at the S end of the Balkan Peninsula. 10,583,126; 50,147 sq. mi. (129,880 sq. km). Cap.: Athens. 2. a city in W New York. 16,177. * * * Greece Introduction Greece… …   Universalium

  • Greece, history of — ▪ Byzantine to modern Introduction       history of the area from the Byzantine (Byzantine Empire) period, beginning about AD 300, to the present. For earlier periods, see Aegean civilizations; ancient Greek civilization; and Hellenistic Age.… …   Universalium

  • Greece — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Greece <p></p> Background: <p></p> Greece achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the… …   The World Factbook

  • Greece —    By Greece (Hellas) medieval writers usually refer to central Greece and the Peloponnesos (q.v.), in other words to regions south of Thermopylae (q.v.). The territorial extent of the late seventh century theme of Hellas (qq.v.) is debated, but… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • GREECE — (Heb. יָוָן, Yavan), country in S.E. Europe. SECOND TEMPLE PERIOD (TO 330 C.E.) Although the earliest known Jews on the Greek mainland are to be found only from the third century B.C.E., it is highly probable that Jews traveled or were forcibly… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Greece national football team — Greece Nickname(s) Ethniki (National) Galanolefki (Blue white) Association Hellenic Football Federation Confederation …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.