Brightness


Brightness

Brightness is an attribute of visual perception in which a source appears to emit or reflect a given amount of light. In other words, brightness is the perception elicited by the luminance of a visual target. This is a subjective attribute/property of an object being observed.

Terminology

"Brightness" was formerly used as a synonym for the photometric term "luminance" and (incorrectly) for the radiometric term "radiance".As defined by the US "Federal Glossary of Telecommunication Terms" (FS-1037C), "brightness" should now be used only for non-quantitative references to physiological sensations and perceptions of light. [“ [http://www.its.bldrdoc.gov/fs-1037/dir-005/_0719.htm Brightness] ” in Federal Standard 1037C, the "Federal Glossary of Telecommunication Terms" (1996)]

A given target luminance can elicit different perceptions of brightness in different contexts; see, for example, White's illusion and Wertheimer-Benary illusion.

In the RGB color space, brightness can be thought of as the arithmetic mean "μ" of the Red, Green, and Blue color coordinates (although some of the three components make the light seem brighter than others, which, again, may be compensated by some display systems automatically): [ [http://www.poynton.com/notes/colour_and_gamma/ColorFAQ.html#RTFToC36 What are HSB and HLS?] , Charles Poynton: "The usual formulation of HSB and HLS compute so-called "lightness" or "brightness" as (R+G+B)/3. This computation conflicts badly with the properties of colour vision, as it computes yellow to be about six times more intense than blue with the same "lightness" value (say L=50)."] :mu = {R + G + B over 3 }

Brightness is also a color coordinate in the HSB or HSV color space (hue, saturation, and brightness or value).

With regard to stars, brightness is quantified as apparent magnitude and absolute magnitude.

Brightness of sounds

The term "brightness" is also used in discussions of sound timbres, in a rough analogy with visual brightness. Timbre researchers consider brightness to be one of the perceptually strongest distinctions between sounds [D. Wessel, [http://mediatheque.ircam.fr/articles/textes/Wessel78a/ Timbre space as a musical control structure] , Computer Music Journal, 3 (1979), pp. 45–52.] , and formalize it acoustically as an indication of the amount of high-frequency content in a sound, using a measure such as the spectral centroid.

ee also

* Luma (video)
* Luminance (relative)

Notes

External links

* [http://www.poynton.com/ColorFAQ.html Poynton's Color FAQ]


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  • Brightness — Bright ness, n. [AS. beorhines. See {Bright}.] 1. The quality or state of being bright; splendor; luster; brilliancy; clearness. [1913 Webster] A sudden brightness in his face appear. Crabbe. [1913 Webster] 2. Acuteness (of the faculties);… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • brightness — O.E. beorhtnes brightness, clearness, splendor, beauty; see BRIGHT (Cf. bright) + NESS (Cf. ness) …   Etymology dictionary

  • brightness — index sense (intelligence) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Brightness —   [engl.], Helligkeit …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Brightness — (Finish Term) This term is used to indicate that the fabric has been calendered or beetled to give a glossy whiteness and a thready appearance, and is quite distinct from a flat smooth face …   Dictionary of the English textile terms

  • brightness — [brīt′nis] n. 1. the quality or condition of being bright 2. the luminous aspect of a color (as distinct from its hue) by which it is regarded as approaching the maximum luminance of pure white or the lack of luminance of pure black …   English World dictionary

  • brightness — /bruyt nis/, n. 1. the quality of being bright. 2. Optics. the luminance of a body, apart from its hue or saturation, that an observer uses to determine the comparative luminance of another body. Pure white has the maximum brightness, and pure… …   Universalium

  • brightness — /ˈbraɪtnəs/ (say bruytnuhs) noun 1. bright quality. 2. the quality of being intelligent or clever. 3. luminosity apart from hue; value. Pure white is of maximum brightness and pure black is of zero brightness. 4. Physics the amount of light that… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Brightness — WikiV The attribute of visual perception in accordance with which an area appear to emit more of less light. (Luminance is the recommended name for the photo electric quantity which has also been called brightness.) …   Audio and video glossary

  • brightness — blizgesys statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Krintančios šviesos veidrodinis atspindys. atitikmenys: angl. brightness; brilliance; gloss rus. блеск; глянец …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas


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