Parwan Province


Parwan Province

Geobox|Province
country = Afghanistan
country_

name = Parwān
native_name = پروان


map_caption = Map of Afghanistan with Parvan highlighted
capital = Charikar
capital_lat_d = 35.0
capital_long_d = 69.0
population_as_of =
population = 726000
population_note = [ [http://afghanistan.usaid.gov/en/Province.29.aspx Afghanistan's Provincesndash Parwan at USAID] ]
area = 5974
population_density =
timezone = UTC+4:30
free_type = Main language
free = Pashto

Parwān (Pashto|پروان, also spelled Parvān), once also the name of an ancient town in the Hindu Kush mountains,Frye, Richard Nelson (1999). "Farwan (also Parwan)". "Encyclopaedia of Islam" CD-ROM Edition v. 1.0. Leiden, The Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV. Retrieved on 2007-12-18.] is today an administrative province in northern Afghanistan, directly north of Kabul Province. Its capital is Charikar and it is one of the most secure provinces in the country.

History

In 329 BC, Alexander the Great founded the settlement of Parwan as his Alexandria of the Caucasus. It was conquered by the Arabs in 792.Frye, Richard Nelson (1999). "Farwan (also Parwan)". "Encyclopaedia of Islam" CD-ROM Edition v. 1.0. Leiden, The Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV. Retrieved on 2007-12-18.] In 1221, the town was the site of the battle between the invading Mongols and the Khwarezmian Empire led by Jalal ad-Din, where the Mongols were defeated.Frye, Richard Nelson (1999). "Farwan (also Parwan)". Encyclopaedia of Islam CD-ROM Edition v. 1.0. Leiden, The Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV. Retrieved on 2007-12-18.] In 1840, Parwan was also the site of a major battle in the First Anglo-Afghan War where the invading British were defeated.Frye, Richard Nelson (1999). "Farwan (also Parwan)". Encyclopaedia of Islam CD-ROM Edition v. 1.0. Leiden, The Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV. Retrieved on 2007-12-18.] Parwan's modern history began with the construction of a new textile factory in the town of Jabal Saraj in 1937.Frye, Richard Nelson (1999). "Farwan (also Parwan)". Encyclopaedia of Islam CD-ROM Edition v. 1.0. Leiden, The Netherlands: Koninklijke Brill NV. Retrieved on 2007-12-18.] Since then, Parwan was involved in the Soviet war in Afghanistan as some of the fiercest fighting took place in the area. [cite encyclopedia |encyclopedia= The Columbia Encyclopedia|title= Charikar|url= http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-Charikar.html|accessdate=2007-12-19 |accessyear= |accessmonth= |edition= Sixth Edition|date= |year= 2007|month= |publisher= Columbia University Press] In the 1990s it was the site of heavy resistance against the Taliban. Today at Parwan, an ISAF Provincial Reconstruction Team led by the United States has been active in reconstruction in the province since 2004.Majority Tajik

Districts

* Bagram District
* Chaharikar District
* Ghorband District
* Jabul Saraj District
* Kohi Safi District
* Salang District
* Shekh Ali District
* Shinwari District
* Surkhi Parsa District

Other notable towns and villages

*Bagram
*Ghorband
*Golbahar
*Jabal Saraj
*Koh-i-Safi
*Sayed Khel
*Shekh-Ali
*Shenwari
*Surkh-Parsa
*Turkmun

"'= *Sanjad dara(سنجددره)سنجدره یکی ازعلاقه داری های است که دارای هفت قریه بوده وبه دوقسمت بالاء ده وپاین ده تقسیم میگردد،تمام افرادساکن این قریه مردمان سنی مذهب وفارسی زبان اند.سنجدره هم سرحدباتوپ دره،غوربندوشهرک سابقه یاسرک عمومی کابل -پروان است."' =

References


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