Joseph Halsey Crane

Joseph Halsey Crane (August 31 1782November 13 1851) was an attorney, soldier, jurist, and legislator.

Crane was born in Elizabethtown, New Jersey [ [http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=C000872 Joseph Halsey Crane] , "Biographical Directory of the United States Congress". Accessed December 6, 2007.] , the son of William and Abigail (Miller) Crane.

William Crane was with Richard Montgomery in the Battle of Quebec and in the service of General George Washington, lost a leg in the Battle of Brandywine, at the head of his regiment. He was a major of an Essex County, New Jersey regiment in the Revolutionary War and made a general of the militia after the war. William was a son of Stephen Crane, a notable citizen of Elizabethtown and a delegate from New Jersey to the First Continental Congress in 1774.

Joseph Crane was a student at Princeton College. He studied law with Governor Aaron Ogden and was admitted to the bar of New Jersey in 1802 and practiced there briefly. He came to Dayton, Ohio in 1804 and immediately became legal counselor to Daniel C. Cooper. He was the first attorney to practice in Dayton, although at that time there was little need for a lawyer in general practice. However, in those early years when Ohio was newly admitted to the Union and was being organized, Dayton municipal institutions were being formed, and methods of procedure established – men of legal learning, instructed in the principles of the new representative system of Federal and State government and in the history of English constitutional liberty, were in high demand.

In 1809, Joseph Halsey Crane married Julia Ann Elliott, the daughter of one of Dayton’s first doctors, Dr. John Elliott, who was a surgeon in the United States Army during the Revolution and had been at Vincennes, Indiana with General "Mad Anthony" Wayne and General Arthur St. Clair.

Joseph and Julia had a large family, but most of the children, like Ann (died February 22 1812, aged 18 months), died young. Two sons, William Elliott Crane and Joseph Graham Crane, followed their father into the legal profession.

Joseph Crane served in the War of 1812 as a private, Fifth Brigade, First Division of the Ohio Militia. He was elected a member of the Ohio House of Representatives in 1809. During the session in Columbus, Ohio, he authored the Practice Act – modeled after the practice of the Court of Common Pleas at Westminster Hall – under which legal proceedings in Ohio were regulated until the adoption of the revised constitution of 1851.

He was Montgomery County recorder in 1813 and prosecuting attorney of the county from 1813 to 1816. In 1814, he was on the Board of Directors of Dayton's first bank, the Dayton Manufacturing Company. In 1819, he was a Trustee at the founding of the Dayton Academy.

Joseph Halsey Crane was elected President Judge of the Ohio First Circuit Court of Common Pleas in 1817 serving two terms until he resigned in 1829 to take his seat in Congress. He was elected in 1828 as an Anti-Jacksonian from Ohio's 3rd congressional district to the Twenty-first Congress. He was subsequently elected to three more terms, serving until 1837. He declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1836.

Joseph H. Crane returned to Dayton after his congressional service and resumed the practice of law. For several years from 1831, he was in partnership with Robert C. Schenck. When Clement Vallandigham came to Dayton in 1847 and became actively engaged in the practice of law a few years later, he often availed himself of the superior facilities afforded by Judge Crane's extensive law library in preparation of his cases. Judge Crane mentored and encouraged the aspiring young attorney and a warm personal friendship developed between them that was never broken.

Joseph Halsey Crane died in Dayton, aged 69, and was interred in Woodland Cemetery, Dayton, Ohio.

References

ources

* History of Union County, New Jersey from 1664 to 1923. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., 1923, 1234 pgs.
* History of Dayton, Ohio. Dayton, Ohio: United Brethren Publishing House, 1889, 753 pgs.
* Edgar, John F Pioneer life in Dayton and vicinity from 1796 to 1840. Dayton, Ohio: W.J. Shuey, United Brethren Publishing House, 1896, 307 pgs.
* Gilkey, Elliot Howard. The Ohio hundred year book : a hand-book of the public men and public institutions of Ohio, from the formation of the North-west Territory (1787) to July 1, 1901. Columbus: F.J. Heer, state printer, 1901, 779 pgs.
* Hover, Barnes, Jones, Conover, Wright, Leiter, Bradfords, Culkins, eds. Memoirs of the Miami Valley, 3 vols, Chicago: Robert O. Law Company, 1919.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crane (surname) — Crane is a surname of English origin, and may refer to People Andy Crane (b. 1964), English radio and television presenter Arnold Crane, art collector Arthur G. Crane (1877–1955), American teacher and politician Ben Crane (b. 1976), American… …   Wikipedia

  • List of United States political families (C) — The following is an alphabetical list of political families in the United States whose last name begins with C.The Cabaniss and McRaes*Thomas Banks Cabaniss (1835 1915), Georgia State Representative 1865 1867, Solicitor General in Georgia,… …   Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth, New Jersey — City of Elizabeth, New Jersey   City   Motto: Where history meets present Map of Elizabeth in Union C …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Mitglieder des US-Repräsentantenhauses aus Ohio — Steve Chabot, derzeitiger Vertreter des ersten Kongresswahlbezirks von Ohio …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Elizabeth (Nueva Jersey) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda City of Elizabeth Localización de Elizabeth en el condado de Union Ubicación   …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ohio's 3rd congressional district — OH 3 redirects here. OH 3 may also refer to Ohio State Route 3. Ohio s 3rd congressional district Current Representative Mike Turner (R–Dayton) …   Wikipedia

  • Robert C. Schenck — Robert Cumming Schenck (October 4 1809 ndash; March 23 1890) was a Union Army general in the American Civil War, and American diplomatic representative to Brazil and the United Kingdom. He was at both battles of Bull Run and took part in the… …   Wikipedia

  • 21st United States Congress - State Delegations — [ United States Capitol] The Twenty first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in… …   Wikipedia

  • 21st United States Congress - political parties — [ United States Capitol] The Twenty first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in… …   Wikipedia

  • 23rd United States Congress - State Delegations — [ United States Capitol] The Twenty third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.