German submarine U-2513
The German submarine "U-2513" was a
Type XXI U-boatof the Kriegsmarinethat was operated by the United States Navyfor several years after World War II.
Her keel was laid down
19 July 1944by Blohm + Voss of Hamburg. She was commissioned 12 October 1944with Kapitänleutnant Hans Bungardsin command. Bungards was relieved on 27 April 1945by Fregattenkapitän Erich Topp, who commanded the boat for less than two weeks.
U-2513 conducted no war patrols. On
8 May 1945, Topp surrendered his command at Horten, Norway. U-2513 was taken to Osloon 20 May, then to Lishally, Northern Ireland, which she reached on 7 June. In August 1945, the U-boat was transferred to the United States.
A year later, August
1946, U-2513 began an extensive overhaul in Charleston, South Carolina, which was completed late in September. On 24 September, she departed Charleston and headed for Key West, Florida. The following day, she began six months of duty which included both evaluation tests of the U-boat's design and duty in conjunction with the development of submarine and antisubmarine tactics. The Greater Underwater Propulsion Power Program(GUPPY) would be initiated because of the results of these tests.
15 March 1947, U-2513 headed north from Key West, Florida, bound for the New Englandcoast, and arrived at Portsmouth, New Hampshire, on 22 March. She remained there until 8 Septemberwhen she began six weeks of operations out of Portsmouth and New London, Connecticut, under the auspices of the Commander, Submarines, Atlantic Fleet. She concluded that duty on 15 Octoberand departed New London to return to Key West. U-2513 resumed her old duties at Key West five days later and continued them until the summer of 1949.
5 December 1947President Harry S. Trumanbecame the first American President to travel on a submarine when he visited U-2513. [ [http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/sh-usn/usnsh-u/u2513.htm USN Ships-USS U-2513 (ex-German U-2513), 1946-1951 ] ]
1949, the submarine moved from Key West, Florida, north via Norfolk, Virginia, to Portsmouth, New Hampshire, where she was placed out of service in July 1949. She remained at Portsmouth until August 1951at which time she returned to Key West. On 2 September 1951, the Chief of Naval Operationsordered that the boat be sunk by gunfire. U-2513 was sunk west of Key West, Floridaduring rocket tests by the destroyer"Robert A. Owens" (DD-827) on 7 October 1951.
The U-2513 final resting place is about 23 miles northeast of the Dry Tortugas (which is 70 miles west of Key West) in about 213 feet of water. She is reachable only by divers experienced in decompression diving at that depth. The site is rarely dived on due to its depth and remote location. The GPS Cooridnates to the site of the sinking are GPS Lat. 24° 52.015' N, GPS Long. 83° 18.594' W
List of U-boats
* [http://uboat.net/boats/u2513.htm Uboat.net: U-2513]
* [http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/u1/u-2513.htm history.navy.mil: U-2513]
* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/08/08358.htm navsource.org: U-2513]
* [http://www.hazegray.org/danfs/submar/u2513.htm hazegray.org: U-2513]
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