Council of Hieria
The iconoclast Council of Hieria was a Christian council which viewed itself as ecumenical, but was later rejected by the Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches. It was summoned by the Byzantine Emperor Constantine V in 754 in the palace of Hieria opposite Constantinople. The council supported the iconoclast position of the emperors of this period.
338 bishops attended. No patriarchs or representatives of the five patriarchs were present: Constantinople was vacant while Antioch, Jerusalem and Alexandria were controlled by Saracens.
It styled itself as the Seventh Ecumenical Council, though its opponents described it as the Mock Synod of Constantinople or the Headless Council. Its rulings were overturned almost entirely by the Second Council of Nicaea in 787, which supported the veneration of icons.
Legitimacy of the Council
After the later triumph of the Iconodules, this council became known as a robber council, i.e. as uncanonical. Edward J. Martin writes, "On the ecumenical character of the Council there are graver doubts. Its president was Theodosius, archbishop of Ephesus, son of the Emperor Apsimar. He was supported by Sisinnius, bishop of Perga, also known as Pastillas, and by Basil of Antioch in Pisidia, styled Tricaccabus. Not a single Patriarch was present. The see of Constantinople was vacant. Whether the Pope and the Patriarchs of Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem were invited or not is unknown. They were not present either in person or by deputy. The Council of Nicaea [II] considered this was a serious flaw in the legitimacy of the Council. 'It had not the co-operation of the Roman Pope of the period nor of his clergy, either by representative or by encyclical letter, as the law of Councils requires.' The Life of Stephen borrows this objection from the Acts and embroiders it to suit the spirit of the age of Theodore. It had not the approval of the Pope of Rome, although there is a canon that no ecclesiastical measures may be passed without the Pope.' The absence of the other Patriarchs is then noticed." This is a Roman argument: the Eastern Churches do not see the approval of the Pope as obligatory for ecumenical councils, and the patriarchs of Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem did not receive invitations to the subsequent second Council of Nicaea either.
- ^ Edward J. Martin, A History of the Iconoclastic Controversy , p.46
- ^ a b citing J. D. Mansi, XIII, 207d
- ^ citing Vit Steph, 1144c
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Hieria — was *the name of an Eastern Orthodox saint Hieria of Mesopotamia (320) *a palace opposite Constantinople, on the Asian side of the Bosphorus between Chrysopolis and Chalcedon, the location of the Council of Hieria (754) … Wikipedia
Council of Constantinople — can refer to: Council of Constantinople (360), a local council First Council of Constantinople, the Second Ecumenical Council, in 381 or 383. Synod of Constantinople (543), a local council which condemned Origen. Second Council of Constantinople … Wikipedia
Council of Constantinople (815) — The Council of Constantinople of 815 was held in the Byzantine capital, in the Hagia Sophia, and initiated the second period of the Byzantine Iconoclasm. Shortly before it convened, the iconophile Patriarch Nikephoros I was deposed by Emperor Leo … Wikipedia
Hieria, Council of — Convened by Constantine V (q.v.) in 754 to provide the dogmatic rationale for imperial decrees that ordered the destruction of icons (q.v.) and the excommunication of Iconophiles (q.v.). Constantine V packed the council with his supporters and … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Hieria — Suburb of Constantinople (q.v.), located on the Asiatic coast of the Bosporos (q.v.). An imperial palace located here was sometimes used for ceremonial purposes. The Council of Hiera (q.v.) took place here in 754 … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Ecumenical council — This article is about ecumenical councils in general. For the Roman Catholic councils, see Catholic Ecumenical Councils. For the Salvador Dalí painting, see The Ecumenical Council (painting). Part of a series on Christianity … Wikipedia
Second Council of Nicaea — Date 787 Accepted by Roman Catholics, Old Catholics, Eastern Orthodox Previous council (Catholic) Third Council of Constantinople (Orthodox) Quinisext Council Next council (Catholic) Fourth C … Wikipedia
Iconoclasm (Byzantine) — Iconoclasm, Greek for image breaking , is the deliberate destruction within a culture of the culture s own religious icons and other symbols or monuments, usually for religious or political motives. It is a frequent component of major domestic… … Wikipedia
Christianity in the 8th century — Age of the Caliphs Expansion under Muhammad, 622–632/A.H. 1 11 … Wikipedia
History of Christianity — Church history redirects here. For the journal, see American Society of Church History#Church History. For the magazine, see Christianity Today#Christian History. Church historian redirects here. For LDS official church historian, see Church… … Wikipedia