Huayna Capac

Huayna Capac (Quechua "Wayna Qhapaq" "splendid youth") was the eleventh Sapa Inca (1464 – 1527) of the Inca Empire and sixth of the Hanan dynasty. He was the successor to Tupac Inca Yupanqui. His legitimate wife (and full-blooded sister) was Coya Cusirimay. The pair produced no male heirs, but Huayna Capac produced as many as 50 or more children with other women, including Ninan Cuyochi, Huáscar, Atahualpa, Tupac Huallpa, Manco Inca Yupanqui, General Atoc and Pawllu Inca - all of whom could be said to be his successors.

Huayna Capac extended the Inca empire ("Tahuantinsuyu") significantly to the south into present-day Chile and Argentina. For many years he and his armies fought to annex territories North of his empire in what is now Ecuador (and a small region of Colombia) to the northernmost province, Chinchaysuyo. The capital city of the empire was far to the south in Cuzco, and Huayna Capac hoped to establish a northern stronghold in the city of Quito.

Huayna Capac died around 1527 on the Northern Frontier of the empire after the long-fought Quito Wars. He likely died of the smallpox epidemic that had already decimated the capital, Cuzco, though some evidence suggests Bartonellosis was to blame. Both Huayna Capac and his oldest son, Ninan Cuyochi died.

Right before his death, he had split the empire between his favorite son, Atahualpa, and his legitimate heir, Huascar. Brilliant leader as he was, it is likely his foolish act to please both sons brought the downfall of the Inca empire.

Huáscar was already working to overthrow the leadership of his brother Ninan when he learned of his death. Huáscar quickly secured power in Cuzco and had his brother Atahualpa arrested. But Atahualpa escaped from his imprisonment with the help of his wife and began securing support from Huayna Capac's best generals, who happened to be near Quito, the nearest major city. Atahualpa won the ensuing civil war, killing his brother, but it was at this time that Spanish conquistadors began arriving in South America. The conquistadors used deceit to capture Atahualpa on his way back to Cuzco, copying an earlier exploit in Mesoamerica. A series of missteps by Atahualpa's generals following his capture led to the quick downfall of the empire.

Popular Culture

* Huayna Capac is the leader of the Incan civilization in the 2005 PC computer game Civilization IV.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Huayna Cápac — 11o Sapa Inca Predecesor Túpac Yupanqui Sucesor Huáscar …   Wikipedia Español

  • Huayna Capac — Huayna Cápac sur un dessin de Felipe Guamán Poma de Ayala dans Nueva crónica y buen gobierno (1615). Titre 3e Empereur inca …   Wikipédia en Français

  • HUAYNA CAPAC — HUAYNA CAPAC, empereur inca (1493 1527/28) Onzième empereur inca, fils de Topa Yupanqui, Huayna Capac accède au pouvoir en 1493. Son règne fut long et prospère et l’Empire inca avait atteint sa plus grande extension. S’il n’a pas été un aussi… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Huayna Cápac — (quechua: el joven poderoso) fue el undécimo y penúltimo gobernante del incanato. Fue el primer emperador inca no cusqueño, ya que nació en territorio cañari, mientras su padre, el entonces emperador Túpac Inca Yupanqui, se encontraba de campaña… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Huayna Capac —   [ u̯aɪna kapak], Inkaherrscher, * um 1480, ✝ Tomebamba (später Cuenca) 1527. Während seiner Herrschaft (1493 1527) erweiterte er das Inkareich nach Norden bis zur heutigen kolumbianischen Grenze und erreichte damit dessen größte Ausdehnung, er… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Huayna Capac — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Wayna Qhapaq Huayna Cápac bzw. Wa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Huayna Cápac — Wayna Qhapaq Huayna Cápac bzw. Wayna Qhapaq [ˈwaina ˈqʰapax][1] (* um 1476 in Tumipampa; † um 1527 im heutigen Kolumbien) war der 11. König der Inka. Wayna Qhapaq erhielt seinen Namen, de …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Huayna Capac — /wuy nah kah pahk/ c1450 1527?, Inca ruler of Peru 1493? 1527? (father of Atahualpa and Huascar). Also, Huaina Capac. * * * …   Universalium

  • Huayna Capac — noun the Incan ruler under whom the Incan empire reached its widest extent (died in 1525) • Hypernyms: ↑Inca * * * /wuy nah kah pahk/ c1450 1527?, Inca ruler of Peru 1493? 1527? (father of Atahualpa and Huascar). Also, Huaina Capac …   Useful english dictionary

  • Huayna Capac — Huay•na Ca•pac [[t]ˈwaɪ nɑ ˈkɑ pɑk[/t]] n. big c1450–1527?, Inca ruler of Peru 1493?–1527? (father of Atahualpa and Huascar) …   From formal English to slang

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