Mayor of London
Mayor of London Style No courtesy title or style Appointer Electorate of Greater London Term length Four years Inaugural holder Ken Livingstone
4 May 2000
Formation Greater London Authority Act 1999 Succession 4 May 2012 Deputy Deputy Mayor of London
Salary £143,911 Website london.gov.uk/mayor
The Mayor of London is an elected politician who, along with the London Assembly of 25 members, is accountable for the strategic government of Greater London. Conservative Boris Johnson has held the position since 4 May 2008. The position was previously held by Ken Livingstone from the creation of the role on 4 May 2000 until his succession by Johnson.
The role, created in 2000 after the London devolution referendum, was the first directly elected mayor in the United Kingdom. The Mayor of London is also referred to as the London Mayor, a form which helps to avoid confusion with the Lord Mayor of the City of London, the ancient and now mainly ceremonial role in the geographically smaller central region of the ancient City of London. The Mayor of London is the mayor of the entirety of Greater London (including the City).
The Mayor of London is elected by Supplementary Vote for a fixed term of four years, with elections taking place in May. As with most elected posts in the UK, there is a deposit, in this case of £10,000, returnable on the candidate's winning at least 5% of the first-choice votes cast.
The 2000 campaign was incident-filled. The eventual winner, Ken Livingstone, went back on an earlier pledge not to run as an independent after losing the Labour nomination to Frank Dobson. The Conservative Party had to replace Lord Archer of Weston-super-Mare as their candidate when he was charged with perjury; Steve Norris was elected as his replacement.
London Mayoral Election Results 2000 Name Party 1st Preference Votes % 2nd Preference Votes¹ % Final %² Ken Livingstone Independent 667,877 39.0 178,809 12.6 776,427 57.9 Steven Norris Conservative 464,434 27.1 188,041 13.2 564,137 42.1 Frank Dobson Labour 223,884 13.1 228,095 16.0 Susan Kramer Liberal Democrat 203,452 11.9 404,815 28.5 Ram Gidoomal CPA 42,060 2.4 56,489 4.0 Darren Johnson Green 38,121 2.2 192,764 13.6 Michael Newland BNP 33,569 2.0 45,337 3.2 Damian Hockney UKIP 16,324 1.0 43,672 3.1 Geoffrey Ben-Nathan Pro-Motorist Small Shop 9,956 0.6 23,021 1.6 Ashwin Tanna Independent 9,015 0.5 41,766 2.9 Geoffrey Clements Natural Law 5,470 0.3 18,185 1.3 London
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Politics and government of
In 2004, the second election was held. After being re-admitted to the Labour Party, Ken Livingstone was their official candidate. He won re-election after second preference votes were counted, with Steve Norris again coming second.
London Mayoral Election Results 2004 Name Party 1st Preference Votes % 2nd Preference Votes % Final % Ken Livingstone Labour 685,541 35.7 250,517 13.0 828,380 55.4 Steven Norris Conservative 542,423 28.2 222,559 11.6 667,178 44.6 Simon Hughes Liberal Democrat 284,645 14.8 465,704 24.3 Frank Maloney UKIP 115,665 6.0 193,157 10.0 Lindsey German RESPECT 61,731 3.2 63,294 3.3 Julian Leppert BNP 58,405 3.0 70,736 3.7 Darren Johnson Green 57,331 2.9 208,686 10.9 Ram Gidoomal CPA 41,696 2.2 56,721 2.9 Lorna Reid IWCA 9,542 0.5 39,678 2.1 Tammy Nagalingam Independent 6,692 0.4 20,391 1.1
The incumbent Labour Mayor, Ken Livingstone was defeated by Conservative candidate Boris Johnson becoming London's 2nd Mayor.
London Mayoral Election Results 2008 Name Party 1st Preference Votes % 2nd Preference Votes1 % Final2 %3 Boris Johnson Conservative 1,043,761 42.48 (+14.3%) 257,792 10.49 1,168,738 53.2 Ken Livingstone Labour 893,877 36.38 (+0.7%) 303,198 12.34 1,028,966 46.8 Brian Paddick Liberal Democrat 236,685 9.63 (–5.2%) 641,412 26.11 Siân Berry Green 77,374 3.15 (+0.3%) 331,727 13.50 Richard Barnbrook British National Party 69,710 2.84 (–0.2%) 128,609 5.23 Alan Craig Christian Peoples Alliance 39,249 1.6 (–0.6%) 80,140 3.26 Gerard Batten UKIP 22,422 0.91 (–5.1%) 113,651 4.63 Lindsey German Left List 16,796 0.68 35,057 1.43 Matt O'Connor4 (withdrawn) English Democrats 10,695 0.44 73,538 2.99 Winston McKenzie Independent 5,389 0.22 38,954 1.59
1Second preference votes are only used to elect the mayor if no single candidate receives more than 50% of the vote. Only the top two candidates receive the second preference votes.
2On papers where the 1st and 2nd choice votes are for the top two candidates, the 2nd choice votes are not counted.
3Percentage figures are not officially published on the final votes, they are produced here for illustration and are calculated by dividing the candidate's final vote by the total of final votes. When based on the total votes cast, however, the figures are 48.4% and 42.6%.
4Matt O'Connor withdrew from the election in the week prior to polling day but his name remained on the ballot paper.
Candidate selection process
It had been speculated that Johnson might choose not to run for re-election and might instead stand for Parliament in the next general election with a view to succeeding David Cameron as the Leader of the Conservative Party but in September 2010 he announced that he planned to stand for re-election.
Prospective Labour candidates had until 18 June 2010 to announce their decision to stand for the party's nomination. The names were shortlisted by a panel of national and London party representatives on 24 June, before a series of hustings across the capital. An electoral college, made up half of votes by London party members and half by members of affiliated organisations, selected the candidate. Former Mayor Ken Livingstone and former Labour MP Oona King both ran for the Labour Party's nomination as did Seton During and Emmanuel Okoro. Mr During is a chartered engineer and a former councillor in Enfield, while Mr Okoro is an artist. MP David Lammy, former cabinet minister Sadiq Khan, former Home Secretary Alan Johnson, MP Jon Cruddas, businessman Alan Sugar and former cabinet minister Peter Mandelson were also rumoured as potential candidates but did not stand. Lammy endorsed Livingstone's candidacy  Ken Livingstone won the Labour Party nomination on 24 September 2010 with 68.6% of the vote to 31.4% for King. 
Caroline Pidgeon, the leader of the Liberal Democrat London Assembly Group, was a possible candidate for her party's nomination but said it was not the right time for her to stand. Susan Kramer was seen to be a possible candidate but said she was standing for Lib Dem President. Brian Paddick, who was the party's 2008 nominee, said he wanted to serve in the party but ruled himself out. Lembit Öpik, the well-known former MP who lost his Montgomeryshire seat in a surprise defeat in the 2010 general election, was also considered to be a likely possible candidate.
On the 02 September 2011, it was announced that Brian Paddick had won the race beating, Lembit Opik, Brian Haley and Mike Tuffrey.
List of Mayors
(for political parties)
Name Portrait Entered office Left office Political party Ken Livingstone 4 May 2000 4 May 2008 Independent (2000–2004) Labour 2004–2008 Boris Johnson 4 May 2008 Incumbent Conservative
Initiatives taken by Ken Livingstone as Mayor of London included the London congestion charge on private vehicles using city centre London on weekdays, the creation of the London Climate Change Agency, the London Energy Partnership and the founding of the international Large Cities Climate Leadership Group, now known as C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group. The Congestion charge led to many new buses being introduced across London.
They have also included the London Partnerships Register which was a voluntary scheme without legal force for same-sex couples to register their partnership, and paved the way for the introduction by the United Kingdom Parliament of civil partnerships. Unlike civil partnerships, the London Partnerships Register was open to heterosexual couples who favour a public commitment other than marriage.
As Mayor of London, Ken Livingstone was also a supporter of the London Olympics in 2012, and is known to encourage sport in London; especially when sport can be combined with helping UK charities-like The London Marathon and British 10K charity races. However, Livingstone, in a Mayoral election debate on the BBC's Question Time (TV series) programme in April 2008 did state that the primary reason he supported the Olympic bid was to secure funding for the redevelopment of the East End of London. In the summer of 2007 he brought the Tour de France cycle race to London.
In May 2008, Boris Johnson introduced a new transport safety initiative to put 440 high-visibility police officers on bus hubs and the immediate vicinity. A ban on alcohol on underground, bus, Docklands Light Railway, and tram services and stations across the capital was announced.
- ^ Results: Mayor London Elects
- ^ O'Connor pulls out of mayor race BBC
- ^ "Ken Livingstone launches bid for new term as London mayor", The Guardian, 1 June 2010
- ^ "Labou London mayor candidates announced", BBC News, June 18, 2010
- ^ "Will Jon Cruddas enter the race for London mayor?", New Statesman, 27 May 2010
- ^ "Will it be Boris Johnson v Alan Johnson in 2012?", New Statesman, 18 May 2010
- ^ "Cruddas for London mayor?", New Statesman, 19 January 2010
- ^ "London's best hope is Livingstone.", Guardian, 1 June 2010
- ^ http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/standard/article-23654514-sir-alan-sugar-is-asked-to-run-for-mayor.do
- ^ Mulholland, Helene (24 September 2010). "Ken Livingstone beats Oona King to Labour nomination for London mayor". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2010/sep/24/ken-livingstone-oona-king-labour-london-mayor.
- ^ Chris Smyth (7 May 2010). "Lembit Opik loses seat to Conservatives". The Times (London). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/politics/article7119009.ece.
- ^ Tom Meltzer (3 June 2010). "Lembit Opik, standup comedian". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/politics/2010/jun/03/lembit-opik-standup-comedian.
- ^ GLA Press Release - New action on transport safety
- ^ GLA Press Release - Plan to ban alcohol on the transport network
- ^ GLA Press Release - Closure of The Londoner newspaper
- ^ Greater London Authority - Annual Budget
Mayors of London London mayoral election, 2012Incumbent: Boris Johnson Conservative Party Labour Party Liberal Democrats Green PartyJenny Jones
Shortlisted: Shahrah Ali • Farid Bakht
UKIPLawrence Webb BNPCarlos Cortiglia Directly elected mayors in the United Kingdom
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