Jonnycake

Jonnycake (also spelled "johnnycake," johnny cake, and "journey cake") is a baked cornmeal flatbread, and was a popular American pioneer staple food. The dough was set on a wooden board or barrel stave and placed at an angle in front of an open fire to bake. [Vogel, "Hoe Life in Early Indiana", p. 9: "This pan was also used for baking pancakes, sometimes called 'flap-jacks,' and bread, too, was frequently made on it. Johnny cake was baked on a board made for this purpose, about ten inches wide and fifteen inches long and rounding at the top. The thick corn dough was placed on the board which was set against a chunk of wood near the fire. After one side had been baked to a nice brown, the other side was treated the same way. The resulting cake was often delicious. If a johnny-cake board was not at hand, a hoe, without a handle, was cleaned and greased with bear's oil. The dough was baked on this metal surface and was called a hoe-cake."] The dough, made of cornmeal, salt, and water, was seldom sweetened since sugar was expensive and in short supply in early colonial America and on the frontier.

Modern johnnycake is popularly identified with Rhode Island foods. A 1776 diary of Thomas Vernon mentions "Jonny cake" while dining in Glocester, Rhode Island, on [http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC09427697&id=clqxUiI0fKoC&pg=RA2-PA1&lpg=RA2-PA1&dq=thomas+vernon#PRA2-PA43,M1 page 43] . A modern jonnycake is usually made of lightly sweetened cornmeal and hot water and fried in butter, somewhat similar to fried polenta or thin wheat bread.

Jonnycake is often served with maple syrup or other sweet toppings.

Hoecakes are a variant of jonnycakes. They are cooked on the blade of a hoe.

Popular culture

* In the U.S. in the 1800s, the johnnycake was known to symbolize an inn or tavern, such as a barber's pole symbolizes a barbershop and a three-sphere symbol symbolizes a pawnbroker. [" [http://blog.cleveland.com/pdextra/2007/08/johnnycake_ridge_road_3_differ.html Johnnycake Ridge Road -- 3 different versions of its origin] ", PD Extra, August 31, 2007]

*In the popular television series "The Sopranos", while hiding in New Hampshire, mobster Vito Spatafore begins a relationship with a short-order cook who regularly serves him jonnycakes. Vito begins referring to his lover as "Johnny Cakes".

*In the Simpsons episode "Lisa The Iconoclast", the curator of the Springfield Historical Society mentions making "microwave Jonnycakes".

*In American West Classic Shane, the mother cooks Jonnycakes for Shane.

*In the song "Brown Girl in the Ring" by Boney M - "I remember one Saturday night we had fried fish and jonnycakes."

* In the Daria episode "Aunt Nauseum" Jake Morgendorffer buys a Civil War cookbook and makes Johnny Cakes for the entire family. Repeatedly throughout the episode Johnny Cakes are mentioned.

* In the 1967 novel The Outsiders, the character Johnny Cade is often referred to as "Johnnycake" by the rest of the gang.

* Old rural New England saying "Pea soup and Jonnycake, makes a Frenchman's belly ache"

ee also

*Cornbread

References

Further reading

*Beaulieu, Linda, "The Providence and Rhode Island Cookbook", Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot Press, 2006, ISBN 0762731370.

*Vogel, William Frederick. "Home Life in Early Indiana". "Indiana Magazine of History" 10:2 (June 1914) 1-29. Indiana: University of Indiana.

External links

* [http://books.google.com/books?vid=OCLC09427697&id=clqxUiI0fKoC&pg=RA2-PA1&lpg=RA2-PA1&dq=thomas+vernon#PRA2-PA43,M1 The Diary of Thomas Vernon, a loyalist from Newport exiled in Glocester, Rhode Island in 1776, page 43] .


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • jonnycake — jon·ny·cake (jŏnʹē kāk ) n. New England & Upper Midwest Variant of johnnycake. * * * …   Universalium

  • Pancake — This article is about the food. For other uses, see Pancake (disambiguation). Griddle cake redirects here. For the Irish style bread, see Soda bread. Blueberry pancakes A pancake is a thin, flat, round cake prepared from a batter, and cooked on a …   Wikipedia

  • Cornbread — For other uses, see Cornbread (disambiguation). Cornbread baked in an iron skillet …   Wikipedia

  • Pea soup — is soup made, typically, from dried peas. It is, with variations, a part of the cuisine of many cultures. It is greyish green or yellow in color depending on the regional variety of peas used; all are cultivars of Pisum sativum.Pea soup has been… …   Wikipedia

  • Little Compton, Rhode Island — Infobox Settlement official name = Little Compton, Rhode Island other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = Town motto = imagesize = image caption = flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = image blank emblem = blank …   Wikipedia

  • Okonomiyaki — Cheese and shrimp okonomiyaki (above) fully seasoned with sauce, mayonnaise, katsuobushi and aonori in Osaka, Japan Origin P …   Wikipedia

  • Shrove Tuesday — Observed by Followers of many Christian denominations Type Christian Date Tuesday in seventh week before Easter 2011 date March 8 2012 date February 21 …   Wikipedia

  • Cornmeal — is flour ground from dried maize or American corn. It is a common staple food, and is ground to fine, medium, and coarse consistencies.[1] In the United States, the finely ground cornmeal is also referred to as cornflour …   Wikipedia

  • Potato pancake — Latka redirects here. For the character from Taxi, see Latka Gravas. Latkes frying in olive oil …   Wikipedia

  • Crêpe — This article is about the Breton/French pancake. For other uses, see Crêpe (disambiguation). A stack of many crêpes …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.