- Geography of Himachal Pradesh
The state of
Himachal Pradeshis spread over an area 55,673 km² and is bordered by Jammu and Kashmiron north, Punjab on the south-west, Haryanaon south, Uttarakhandon the south east and by Tibeton the east. Himachal is a mountainous region, rich in its natural resources.
Elevation ranges from 450 meters to 6500 meters above sea level. It covers its region from the
Shivalikrange of mountains (barely mountainous region). There is an increase notified in the elevation from westto eastand from southto north.
The general physiographic divisions from south to north are-
# The outer Himalayas (
# The lesser Himalayas (central zone)
# The Great
Himalayan (northern zone)
Shivalikrange consists of lower hills (elevation- 600m above sea level). The hills of the region are composed of highly unconsolidated deposits which results to a high rate of erosionand deforestation.
Himalayas are spoted by a gradual elevation towards the Dhauladharand the Pir Panjal ranges. The rise is more rapid in the Shimlahills, to the south of which is the high peak of church- "Chandni" (elevation- 3647mtrs). North of river Sutlej, the rise is steady.
Kangravalley is a longitudinal troughwhich is at the foot of the Dhauladharrange. Dhauladharwhich means the "The White Peak" has a mean elevation of nearly about 4550 meters. It has a rapid rise of 3600m above the Kangravalley. The largest of the lesser Himalayan ranges that is the Pir Panjal, branches off from the Greater Himalayan range near the bank of Sutlej. A number of glaciers exist and several passes lie across Pir Panjal. The Rohtang Pass(4800mtrs) is one of these.
The Great Himalayan range (elevation- 5000 to 6000 meters) runs along the eastern boundary and is slashed across by the
Sutlej. Some of the famous passes in this range are "Kangla"(elevation- 5248m), "Bara Lacha"(elevation- 4512m), "Parang" (elevation- 5548m) and "Pin Parbati" (elevation- 4802m).
The Zaskar range, the eastern most range separates
Kinnaurand Spitifrom Tibet. It has peaks rising over an elevation up to 6500m. Some of the well known peaks are- "Shilla" (elevation- 7026m) and "Riwo Phargyul" (elevation- 6791m) are the highest among the peaks in this range. There are many glaciers over the Zaskar and the Great Himalayan ranges. Himachalis also well known for its rich flora. Forests cover about 38% of the state's total area. It has a variety of wildlifetoo.
Himachalhas 49 cities and towns. The smallest town is Naina Deviand the largest is Shimlawith a population of about 6,077,248. Urban population is only 7.5% of the total state population. Most of the state population still resides in rural areas. [ [http://www.webindia123.com/himachal/land/land.htm General outline Himachal Pradesh Geography]
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