Lake Dian


Lake Dian

Infobox lake
lake_name = Lake Dian
image_lake = DSCN6666-s.jpg
caption_lake =
image_bathymetry =
caption_bathymetry =
location = Yunnan
coords = coord|24|48|02|N|102|40|17|E|region:CN_type:waterbody|display=inline,title
type = Freshwater
inflow =
outflow =
catchment =
basin_countries = China
length = convert|39|km|mi|abbr=on
width =
area = convert|298|km2|sqmi|abbr=on
depth = convert|4.4|m|ft|abbr=on
max-depth =
volume =
residence_time =
shore =
elevation = convert|1886.5|m|ft|abbr=on
islands =
cities =

Lake Dian (zh-cp|c=滇池|p=Dīan Chí) or Kunming Lake (zh-cp|c=昆明湖|p=Kūnmíng Hú) is a large inter-land lake located close to Kunming, Yunnan, China. Its nickname is "Sparkling Pearl Embedded in a Highland," and it was the model for the Kunming Lake in the Summer Palace in Beijing.

It is a freshwater fault lake at convert|1886.5|m|ft|abbr=on above sea level. The lake covers convert|298|km2|sqmi|abbr=on. It is convert|39|km|mi|abbr=on long from north to south, and the average depth is convert|4.4|m|ft|abbr=on. It is the eighth largest lake in China and the largest in Yunnan Province.

Pollution

Pollution is a major problem for the lake. In the city of Kunming, the capital of subtropical Yunnan province, there is no talk of drought, since the city is right next to one of Asia's biggest freshwater lakes. But until the first wastewater plant was built in 1990, 90 percent of Kunming's wastewater was pumped untreated into the lake. The lake water is now undrinkable despite several billion US dollars having been spent trying to clean it up. Some experts predict that over 55% of the lake's fish population has been killed off by this disease ridden type of pollution.The water in the lake is rated Grade V (the worst grade) which makes the water unfit for use in agricultural or industrial uses. [cite news |first=Joseph |last=Kahn |authorlink= |coauthors=Yardley, Jim |title=As China Roars, Pollution Reaches Deadly Extremes |url=http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/26/world/asia/26china.html |work=New York Times |publisher= |date=2007-08-26 |accessdate= ]

ee also

*Dian Kingdom
*Lakes in China

References

Further reading

* [http://etd.uwaterloo.ca/etd/ymu2006.pdf Developing a Suitability Index for Residential Land Use: A case study in Dianchi Drainage Area] (2006)

External links

* [http://dianchi.km169.net/lydj/images/200108210101_full.jpgImage of Lake Dian]


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