3 Matiari District


Matiari District

Matiari District
—  District  —
Country  Pakistan
Province Sindh
Capital Matiari
Established 2005
Government
 - District Nazim Syed Muhammad Ali Shah
 - District Naib Nazim Noor Muhammad Khan Nizamani
Area
 - Total 1,417 km2 (547.1 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 - Total 615,320
 - Density 363.68/km2 (941.9/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
District Council
Number of Tehsils 3
Website http://www.matiari.gos.pk/

Matiari District (Urdu: ضلع مٹیاری) is located in Sindh, Pakistan, the city of Matiari is the capital. The district is administratively subdivided into three talukhas:[1]

The district was created in 2005 out of Hyderabad District.[2] History DISTRICT BOUNDARIES NORTH = District Nawabshah SOUTH = Hyderabad EAST = Sanghar & Tando Allahyar WEST = Jamshoro with River Indus in between. AREA 1417 Sq: Kilometer (One thousand four hundred seventeen Square kilometers) POPULATION 5,25,082 (Five lacs twenty five thousand eighty two) HANDICRAFTS Kashi “Traditional tiles”, Jundi “A type of furniture”, Ajrak “Traditional Sindhi Chadar” & Sindhi Cap are made in Hala and Matiari and also exported to the major cities and foreign countries. Due to handicrafts Matiari District is known as cultural capital of Sindh. HISTORICAL PLACES 1. Dargah of Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai R.A , Bhitshah. 2. Dargah of Makhdoom Nooh R.A , Hala. 3. A historical city of Khuda Abad. 4. Dargah of Sakhi Hashim Shah, Matiari. 5. Dargah of Syed Muhammad Shah Jeelani, Matiari. 6. Hala Haveli (Birth place of Shah Abdul latif Bhitai R.A). CLIMATE The climate of the District is on the whole moderate. The months of May and June are very hot during the day with a maximum & minimum temperatures of 410C and 260C. this follows by and abrupt falls in temperature during night with pleasant breeze which makes night comfortable. December and January are the coldest months with maximum and minimum temperature of 250C and 110C. Some times cold winds from Balochistan make the winter severe. Humidity varies, highest about the end of August which is much less in May when the air is uncomfortable dry. Fogs are common in the cold season. ETHNICITY & TRIBES The population of District Matiari is a mixture of various heterogeneous groups and cultures. The main races are Memons, Sayeds/ Jamotes, Makhdooms/ Rajput’s/ Khanzada’s/ Qureshi’s/ Jamali’s/ Khosa’s/ Deheri’s/ Shaikh’s/ Kaka’s & Panhwars. Different groups of minorities are also found settled in the district. They are mostly Kolhees, Bheels and Maighwars. HISTORY OF MATIARI Matiari is the one of oldest cities of Sindh, it has its own culture values. Before coming of “SYEDS” at this place, this place was known as the village of the “Chang” tribe. When “Syeds” came here, in the time of “Taimur Lung” (the famous warrior), they developed this place and one of the many Syeds “ Sufies” Syed Meyoon Syed Haji had his residence at the place, from where the people of Sindh journeyed from every where towards “ NASARPUR” village, where he placed some (Muts) (the pots used as container of water just as today we are water coolers). So every one who passed through this pass he may drink water through those “Muts” So that this place named as Mat waree place (means the place where Muts do exist), so after some time this place named as “Matiari”. Many of famous “SAINTS” of Sindh were born at Matiari just like Syed Abdul Kareem Shah of Bulri, Syed Abdul Latif Shah (Shah Latif), where residences are still present at Matiari. The First Shaheed of Khalafat Movement Muhammad Raheem Qazi was also the resident of Matiari. Captain Abid Khanzada Shaheed who embraced shahadat during Operation Rah-e-Rast belong to Khanzada area of Khando city in district Matiari.(source: www.khanzada.org)

Matiari is also known as the city of saints, some of them are Syed Pir Rukundin Shah, Syed Pir Hashim Shah, Syed Shahmeer Shah and many more others who spread the Islam by their perching in this area. Matiari was a great center of education of Sindh in old days also Meyoon Hidayatullah was great Qazi (Judge) in British time, from whom the British Government Consulted many times to get “FATWA” in many judicial matters about Muslim Law. HALA Hala (new), 25” 49’ north latitudes and 68”-28’ east longitudes is the head quarters of Hala Taluka having a town committee. It is at a distance of 57 Kilometers north of Hyderabad and stands at some distance from the high-way running from Hyderabad to Rohri with which it is connected by two branches. The nearest railway station is Tando Adam, at the distance of 24 Kilometer. Hala is noted for its glazed pottery and weaving of Susi (trouser cloth), which gives employment to approximately 400 persons. This town is said to have been founded about a hundred years ago by Makhdoom Mir Muhammad under the name of Murtizabad when old Hala. Which is situated about two and half kilometers to the West of it was threatened with destruction by the encroachment of the Indus. It contains two tombs and a Masjid held in much veneration. The tombs are not of great age, have no historical interest, and are not of much importance architecturally. They are built in the familiar style, with stone foundation and super structure of burnt bricks decorated with glazed tiles. The sanctity of the place depends principally on the tomb of Mir Makhdoom Nuh, a saint who is said to have died at the age of 87 about the year 1592 A.D. His remain were twice removed, it is said to save them from the devouring river, which explain the last date of the present tomb, A.H 1206 or A.D 1790. A long inscription reveals that the builder of it of his followers, but it was completed DISTRICT MATIARI by Mir Fateh Ali Khan Talpur. The second Tomb, dated five years later, is that of Makhdoom Mir Muhammad, the saint, who is credited with the founding of new Hala. It was apparently built at the expenses of Mir Fateh AL Khan Talpur. The Mosque adjoining them was built twelve years after it, in A.H 1222 by Mir Karam Ali Khan Talpur. A fair held here annually on the 27th of Ziquab attracts between 5 and 6 thousand people. At Khudaabd. Two and a half Kilometers to the west of New Hala, is the tomb of Mir Fateh Ali Khan, which is like those at Hala. The town was built according to the common custom during his lifetime. New Hala was built about 18000 A.D., by one Makhdoom Mir Muhammad, because old Hala, which is only three Kilometers away, was at that time, threatened by the river Indus. Among the antiquities of Hala are two towns and a Masjid. These shrines are in honour of a reputed Muslim Saint known as Makhdoom Nuh, born about A.D 1505, who died at the age of 87. A fair is held twice a year in March & October when people in thousand come from all parts of Sindh to pay homage to the Pir. The foundation of the town was laid by Makhdoom Muhammad Zaman in A.D 1795 and a cupola was added to it in the same year by Mir Fateh Ali Khan Talpur. The Mosque to the North of the tomb was built by Mir Karam Ali Khan Talpur and the other buildings were built in 1810 by Makhdoom Pinio Ladho. Besides numerous Government buildings, it has a Municipality, established in 1960. Hala is famous for the manufacture of glazed pottery. Three Kilometers from new Hala is the old town of Khudaabad, though now ruined I was once the favourate residence of the Talpur Chiefs of Sindh, and the remains of several of them rest in the town here. Of these the tomb of Fateh Ali Khan Talpur is worth mentioning. It was a large town reviling Hyderabad in size & Population in the past. BHIT SHAH This is small village in Hala Taluka about 06 kilometers east of Hala, and is regarded as sacred by all Sindh is because of the tomb of Shah Abdul Latif, the great poet and Sufi saint, who lived, taught Islam Ideology and died there. It bears the date 1167 A.D, which is near the probably date of his death. It is built of Pacca Bricks on a stone foundation, with floor & decorations of glazed tiles. Near it are tombs of two Pirs, date 1231 and 1218 A.D. An annual fair is held in month of Safar (Islamic Calendar Month), which lasts for three days, and attracts thousands of people. Fancy articles and Sundry goods are sold. Since independence Sindh Adabi Conference is held every year, during the fair festival. A beautiful Rest House has been constructed at Bhitshah for Government Officials. A cultural center is also being setup here. COMMUNICATIONS The District is well served with the good network of roads. National Highway (N-5) passes through this District from “Chhandan Mori to Hala Branch” about 60 Kilometers. Roads to various major cities like Shahdadpur, Nawabshah, Tando Allahyar, Sanghar & Hyderabad culminate from Matiari District. Main Railway line passes Matiari District by touching Taluka Matiari with three major stations Allahdino Sand, Oderolal & Palijani, main railway have no stop only local trains stops at these stations. One Airstrip and Helipad for landing of small planes is maintained at Bhitshah town where, there is fragment due to shrine of Sufi Saint “ Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai R.A “.(source: http://www.matiari.gos.pk)


Dr Muhammad Usman Chachar was the first District Coordination Officer (D.C.O) of the District. He served as D.C.O for a period of three years and starting from scratch established the district as fully functional unit. Syed Muhammad Ali Shah Jamot was the first "Nazim" (Mayor) of the District.

References

For more detailed information please visit www.matiari.edu.pk

External links


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