- Freedom and Independence
Zrzeszenie Wolność i Niezawisłość WiN ("Freedom and Independence") was Polish underground anticommunist organisation founded
September 2 1945and active to 1952.
The main goal of its activity was to avoid Soviet domination over Poland and to defend civilians from communism. Its primary method was not military action against the state but rather to provide protection (false documents, money) for former soldiers of
Armia Krajowaand other resistance organizations not allied to Soviets and thus treated by them as enemies of the state.
WiN announced the falsification of the
Polish people's referendum, 1946to UN Security Council.
It was prosecuted by Russians and Polish communists.
NKVDsoldiers and Ministerstwo Bezpieczeństwa Publicznegoagents carried out a bloody war with its 30,000 men in Mazowszeand Lubelskie region. WiN's soldiers liberated many Russian jails in Poland, killed collaborators and communist agents as well. The organization was however penetrated by UB agents, with major deconspiration as early as late 1945.
September 2 1945to November 5 1945colonel Jan Rzepecki
since November 1945 to
October 18 1946colonel Franciszek Niepokólczycki
since October 1946 to
January 5 1947lieutenant colonel Wincenty Kwieciński
since January 1947 November 1947 lieutenant colonel
* cite book | last = Wnuk | first = Rafał | chapter = "Polska konspiracja antysowiecka na Kresach Wschodnich II RP w latach 1939-1941 i 1944-1952" (Polish Anti-Soviet Conspiracy in the Eastern Borderlands of the Second Polish Republic, 1939-1941 and 1944-1952) | title = "Tygiel narodów" (Melting Pot of Nations) | publisher = ISP PAN / RYTM | language = Polish | location = Warszawa / London | year = 2002 | isbn = 8388794728 | pages = pp. 157-251
Public Execution in Debica (1946)
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