The Zanj Empire was established in
980AD by Ali ibn Hasan of the Shirazi Dynasty. The founding of the empire was also based on a joint venture that entailed Persians and Shabankara Kurds. The Shabankara Kurds, specifically, were from the Shiraz region in southern Iran.
The Zanj Empire was the successor state to the
Kilwa Empirefirst built by the Bazrangids. Evidence from East African traditions, chronicles, coins, and architecture indicate that the Barzangids were succeeded by the Shirazi Dynasty. Moreover, statements from a European traveler, Joao de Barros, and reports from Muslim travelers/geographers imply of such a succession happening.
The extent of the Zanj Empire entailed the entire coast of Lamu in the north to Sofala in the south. The empire fell in
1513AD to the Arabswho came from Oman. Today, citizens of the Zanzibararchipelago and the Swahil (Lindi to Mombasa and Malindi) and Benadir (Kisimayu and Mogadishu) coasts of East Africa call themselves "Afro-Shirazi". Even a main political party in Zanzibar was called the "Afro-Shirazi Party". Moreover, the very foundation of the modern town of Zanzibar (the stone town center) was laid during the late reign of Shirazi Dynasty.
*Periplus Maris Erythraei (translated and edited by Lionel Casson). Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989.
*Reusch, Richard. History of East Africa. New York: Ungar, 1961.
*Gervase, Matthew (edited by Matthew Gervase and Oliver Roland). The East African Coast until the Coming of the Portuguese, History of East Africa. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1963.
* [http://www.kurdistanica.com/english/history/articles-his/his-articles-10.html Kurdistanica]
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