Cloud ear fungus
Cloud ear fungus Cloud ear fungus Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi Division: Basidiomycota Class: Heterobasidiomycetes Order: Auriculariales Family: Auriculariaceae Genus: Auricularia Species: A. polytricha Binomial name Auricularia polytricha
Auricularia polytricha Mycological characteristics smooth hymenium no distinct cap hymenium attachment is irregular or not applicable lacks a stipe spore print is white ecology is saprotrophic edibility: choice
It is known as Chinese: 云耳; pinyin: yún'ěr, lit. "cloud ear"), Chinese: 毛木耳; pinyin: máomù'ěr, lit. "hairy wood ear"), or 木耳 (pinyin: mù'ěr, lit. "wood ear" or "tree ear"), and in Japanese it is called arage kikurage (キクラゲ, lit. "tree jellyfish"). It is also known as black fungus, black Chinese fungus (or mushroom), wood ear fungus, wood fungus, ear fungus, or tree ear fungus, an allusion to its rubbery ear-shaped growth. In Europe, it is frequently confused as "Jew's ear", and "Jelly ear", albeit they are very closely related. In Hawaii, they are known as pepeiao which means ear.
The fungus grows in frilly masses on dead wood. It is a dark brown color but somewhat translucent.
It is usually sold dried and needs to be soaked before use. While almost tasteless, it is prized for its slightly crunchy texture and potential medicinal properties, including its newly discovered anticoagulant properties. Of note, the slight crunchiness persists despite most cooking processes.
It is found to be effective in reducing blood pressure, and possibly LDL cholestrol levels. This can be done by drinking water in which the fungus has been slow-cooked for at least an hour.
Snow fungus, another edible fungus which is white in color, is a separate species, Tremella fuciformis.
- ^ Elizabeth Speith. "Auricularia polytricha (Auriculariaceae) - HEAR species info". Hear.org. http://www.hear.org/species/auricularia_polytricha/. Retrieved 2011-02-28.
- ^ Weather & Time (2011-07-05). "What is Persian black fungus?". ChaCha. http://www.chacha.com/question/what-is-persian-black-fungus. Retrieved 2011-08-14.
- ^ [dead link]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Snow fungus — Taxobox name = Snow fungus image width = 250px regnum = Fungi divisio = Basidiomycota subdivisio = Agaricomycotina classis = Heterobasidiomycetes ordo = Tremellales familia = Tremellaceae genus = Tremella species = T. fuciformis binomial =… … Wikipedia
Wood ear — Wood ear, or 木耳 (pinyin: mù ěr, lit. wood ear or tree ear ), can refer to two different closely related species of edible fungus used primarily in Asian cuisine; these are commonly sold in Asian markets shredded and dried. Auricularia auricula… … Wikipedia
Jelly fungus — Taxobox name = Heterobasidiomycetes image width = 250px image caption = A jelly fungus ( Tremella cf. fuciformis ) regnum = Fungi divisio = Basidiomycota subdivisio = Agaricomycotina classis = Heterobasidiomycetes subdivision ranks = Orders… … Wikipedia
wood ear — noun or wood ear mushroom Etymology: translation of Chinese (Pekingese) mu4 erh3 : any of several ear or cup shaped jelly fungi of the genus Auricularia that grow on wood: as a. : an edible brownish fungus (A. a … Useful english dictionary
Auricularia auricula-judae — Taxobox name = Auricularia auricula judae status = least concern image width = 240px regnum = Fungi divisio = Basidiomycota classis = Agaricomycetes ordo = Auriculariales familia = Auricularaceae genus = Auricularia species = A. auricula judae… … Wikipedia
Buddha's delight — Buddha s delight, often transliterated as Luóhàn zhāi , lo han jai , or lo hon jai , is a vegetarian dish well known in Chinese cuisine. It is sometimes also called Luóhàn cài (zh st|s=|t=). The dish is traditionally enjoyed by Buddhist monks who … Wikipedia
Lingzhi mushroom — Ganoderma lucidum Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi Phylum … Wikipedia
List of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names — Contents 1 List of words 1.1 A 1.2 B 1.3 C … Wikipedia
Hot and sour soup — can refer to soups from several Asian culinary traditions. In all cases the soup contains ingredients to make it both spicy and sour.North AmericaUnited StatesIn American Chinese cuisine hot and sour soup is almost vegetarian. However, many… … Wikipedia
Chinese mushroom — Chinese black mushrooms (shiitake) Chinese mushrooms are edible mushrooms used in Chinese cuisine. They include: Auricularia auricula judae Agrocybe aegerita, Agrocybe cylindracea (Velvet pioppino; Chinese: 茶樹菇) Cloud ear fungus Dacryopinax… … Wikipedia