Kingdom of Rhovanion
Middle-earth portalThe Kingdom of Rhovanion was founded before the year 490 of the
Third Ageby a group of Northmenwho were led by a 'Prince of Rhovanion'. Rhovanion at this time referred only to the region he and his people dwelt, a strip of land east of Greenwood the Great and south of Dale and Esgaroth. It is possible that Dale and Esgaroth formed part of the Kingdom before Ereborwas founded by the Dwarves of Durin's Folk.
The Men of Rhovanion fought with
Gondoragainst the Easterlingsof Rhûn, who threathened their lands, and when these were defeated by the Gondorian King Turambarcirca 550 Rhovanion became an ally of Gondor.
By 1200 the ruler of Rhovanion called himself the King of Rhovanion. In 1248
Rómendacil IIof Gondor destroyed all camps of the Easterlings even beyond the Sea of Rhûn, and a strong alliance with Rhovanion was forged. Gondor granted a large amount of territory to the Men of Rhovanion, who became firm alles of Gondor. From this time onward the name Rhovanion referred to all of Wilderland.
The King of Rhovanion at this time was
Vidugavia, and Prince Valacarof Gondor served in his army. Vidugavia's daughter Vidumavimarried Valacar, and their son Vinitharya became King Eldacar of Gondorin 1432, which led to the Kin-strifein 1437. Eldacar fled to Rhovanion, and with a Rhovanion army he reclaimed his Kingdom in 1447.
In 1636 the Great Plague devastated Rhovanion, killing more than half its people. This left Rhovanion weakened, and in 1851 the
Wainridersoverran and enslaved Rhovanion. For 43 years Rhovanion was enslaved, but in 1899 Rhovanion revolted, while Gondor attacked the Wainriders from the west. Rhovanion was freed, but left extremely weakened. Many Men of Rhovanion left for Gondor, where they were welcomed as distant relatives.
Some of them may have gone north to Dale and Esgaroth after 1999, when Erebor was founded.
Sauronreturned to Dol Guldurin southern Mirkwood, although this was not learned until long after. The land became more dangerous, and Rhovanion was emptied of most its people.
Around 2510 a new group of Easterlings, the
Balchoth, appeared, and they quickly took the old lands of Rhovanion. This was the final end of Rhovanion as an independent realm.
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