J. R. R. Tolkien's fictional universe of Middle-earth, the river Gwathló or Greyflood is a river in middle Eriador.
Sindarinname Gwathló was adapted from the name Gwathir, given to the river by the Númenóreansin the Second Age. Its name translates as "Shadowy River", and was given because over all its length it flowed through immense forests which covered Minhiriathto the north and Enedwaithto the south. It was one of the few rivers also given an Adûnaicname: Agathurush.
The Gwathló was wide enough that it could be sailed on all the way to where its tributary
Glanduinmet the river. Its was formed where the Mitheithelor Hoarwell met the Glanduin, where a marshy area known as "Nîn-in-Eilph" or "Swanfleet" was formed.
When the Númenórean Ship Kings required more and more wood to build their ships, they set up a haven-fortress on the Gwathló called
Lond Daeror "Lond Daer Enedh", Great (Middle) Haven. From there the lands were rapidly deforested, and by the Third Ageall the forests were gone.
In the late Second Age and early Third Age the Gwathló formed the border between the Kingdoms of
Arnorand Gondor, and the great Gondorian northern outpost of Tharbadwas built where the Great South Road crossed the river at its only crossing in the lower stream. However by the late Third Age Gondor had retreated far south and Arnor had been destroyed. Tharbad and its great bridge had been abandoned and ruined, and the river had to be crossed by the ruins of Tharbad in a dangerous ford.
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