List of grape varieties


List of grape varieties

This is a list of varieties of cultivated grapes, whether used for wine, or eating as a Table grape, fresh or dried (raisin, currant, sultana).

The term "grape varieties" actually refers to cultivars rather than botanical varieties according to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, because they are propagated by cuttings and may have unstable reproductive properties. However, the term "variety" has become so entrenched in viticulture that any change to usage of the term "cultivar" is unlikely.

ingle species grapes

While some of the grapes in this section are hybrids, they are hybridized within a single species (for example, Niagara). For those grapes hybridized across species, see the section on multispecies hybrid grapes below.

"Vitis vinifera" grapes (wine)

Red grapes

*Acolon*Abouriou
*Agiorgitiko
*Aglianico
*Alexandrouli
*Alicante Bouschet
*Alvarelhão
*Ancellotta
*Aragones
*Băbească Neagră
*Barbarossa
*Barbera
*Bastardo / Trousseau
*Blatina
*Blauer Portugieser / Kékoportó
*Blaufränkisch / Lemberger / Kékfrankos / Gamé
*Bobal
*Bonarda
*Bondola
*Bovale Sardo
*Borgonja Crna
*Brachetto or Braquet
*Bual / Boal
*Cabernet Franc
*Cabernet Sauvignon
*Calitor
*Canaiolo
*Carignan / Carignane / Cariñena / Carignano /Mazuelo
*Carménère
*Carnelian
*Castelão / Periquita
*Castiglione
*Charbono
*Cinsaut /Cinsault
*Corvina
*Croatina
*Darkenuša
*Dobričić
*Dolcetto
*Dornfelder
*Durif / Petite Syrah
*Fetească Neagră
*Freisa
*Gaglioppo
*Gamay / Gamay Noir
*Garnatxa / Grenache / Garnacha / Cannonau
*Graciano
*Greco Nero
*Gropello
*Grignolino
*Kadarka
*Kalecik Karasi
*Kratosija
*Lagrein
*Lambrusco
*Magliocco
*Malbec / Auxerrois / Cot
*Malvasia di Schierano
*Malvasia Nera
*Mammolino
*Mandolari
*Maratheftiko
*Marsigliana
*Marzemino
*Mavro
*Mavrodafni
*Mavrud
*Mayorquin
*Mencia
*Merlot
*Millot
*Mission
*Molinara
*Monica
*Montepulciano
*Mourvèdre / Monastrell / Mataro
*Mujuretuli
*Nebbiolo
*Négrette
*Negroamaro
*Nero d'Avola
*Nerello Cappuccio
*Nerello Mascalese
*Nocera
*Nielluccio
*Okuzgozu
*Ojaleshi
*Oseleta
*Pais
*Petit Verdot
*Pignerol
*Pinot Meunier / Schwarzriesling / Müllerebe
*Pinot Noir / Spätburgunder / Blauburgunder / Pinot Nero
*Pinotage
*Plavac Mali
*Poulsard
*Refosco / Refošk
*Rondinella
*Roriz
*Rotberger
*Ruby Cabernet
*Rubired
*Ruché
*Rufete / Tinta Pinheira / Tinta Carvalha / Rufeta
*Sagrantino
*Sangiovese / Brunello
*Saperavi
*Sciacarello
*Schiava / Trollinger
*Shiraz / Syrah
*Sousão
*St. Laurent
*Taminga
*Tannat
*Tarrango
*Tempranillo / Tinta Roriz / Ull de Llebre / Cencibel / Tinta del Pais
*Teroldego
*Terret Noir
*Tinta Barroca
*Tinta Cão
*Touriga Franca / Touriga Francesa
*Touriga Nacional / Azal Espanhol / Preto de Mortágua
*Troia
*Valdiguié
*Vranac
*Wildbacher/Blauer Wildbacher
*Xynomavro
*Zinfandel / Crljenak Kaštelanski / Primitivo
*Zweigelt / Zweigeltrebe / Rotburger

White grapes

*Airén / Valdepeñas
*Alarije
*Albalonga
*Albana
*Albariño / Alvarinho = Cainho Branco
*Aligoté
*Altesse
*Amigne
*Ansonica
*Arinto
*Arneis
*Arvine
*Assyrtiko
*Athiri
*Auxerrois Blanc
*Barcelos
*Bogdanuša
*Bacchus
*Biancone
*Bical
*Bouvier
*Bual
*Burger = Monbadon
*Catarratto
*Chardonnay
*Chasselas = Fendant = Gutedel -- oldest known grape variety
*Chenin Blanc = Pineau de la Loire
*Clairette
*Colombard
*Cortese
*Courbu = Xuri Zerratua = Bordelesa Zuri
*Criolla Grande
*Crouchen = Clare Riesling = Cape Riesling
*Cserszegi Fűszeres
*Doradillo
*Drupeggio
*Erbaluce
*Ehrenfelser
*Emir Karasi
*Ezerjó
*Faber
*Favorita
*Falanghina
*Ferral
*Fetească Albă / Fetiaska = Leànyka
*Fetească Regală
*Fiano
*Flora
*Folle Blanche = Gros Plant = Piquepoult
*Francusa
*Friulano (ex "Tocai Friulano")
*Freisamer
*Fromenteau
*Furmint = Mosler = Sipon
*Garganega Bianca
*Gellewza
*Gewürztraminer = Tramini
*Gloria
*Goldriesling
*Gouais blanc
*Grasă de Cotnari
*Grecanico
*Grechetto
*Greco
*Greco Bianco
*Grenache Blanc
*Grenache Gris
*Grillo
*Grk
*Grüner Veltliner
*Guardavalle
*Guarnaccia Bianca
*Hárslevelű
*Hondarribi Zuri
*Huxelrebe = Weisser Gutedel = Courtillier Musqué
*Incrocio Manzoni
*Irsai Oliver
*Izsáki Sarfehér
*Jacquère
*Juhfark
*Kerner
*Knipperle = Klein Rauschling
*Krstač
*Ladikino
*Len de l'El
*Loureira
*Macabeo / Macabeu = Alcañón = Viura
*Madeleine Angevine
*Malagousia
*Malvar
*Malvasia, includes several sub-varieties
*Mantonico Bianco
*Petit Manseng = Izkiriota Ttipi
*Gros Manseng = Izkiriota Handi
*Maria Gomes = Fernão Pires
*Marsanne
*Mauzac
*Melon de Bourgogne = Muscadet de Bourgogne
*Merseguera = Escanyavella
*Morio-Muskat
*Moschofilero
*Mtsvane
*Müller-Thurgau = Rivaner
*Muscadet de Bourgogne / Melon de Bourgogne
*Muscat / Moscato
**Muscat of Alexandria = Moscatell / Moscatel de Málaga, de Setúbal
**Muscat Blanc = Muscat Frontignan = Muskateller = Moscatel Branco
**Muscadelle (Tokay in Australia)
**Muscat Ottonel
*Neuburger
*Nuragus
*Ondenc
*Optima
*Ortega
*Parč
*Palomino / Palomino Fino
*Parellada
*Pecorello
*Pecorino
*Pedro Ximénez = Alamís
*Perle
*Petit Meslier
*Pinot Blanc / Pinot Bianco = Klevner = Weissburgunder
*Pinot Grigio / Pinot Gris
** variant: Szürkebarát
*Prosecco
*Rabigato
*Reichensteiner
*Rhoditis
*Riesling = Johannisberg Riesling = Rheinriesling = Klingelberger
*Rieslaner
*Rkatsiteli
*Rotgipfler
*Roussanne
*Sauvignon Blanc
** variant: Sauvignon Gris
*Sauvignon Vert, other name for Muscadelle
*Savagnin / Savagnin Blanc
** variant: Traminer = Klevener de Heiligenstein = Savagnin Rosé
*Savatiano
*Scheurebe
*Schönburger
*Sémillon
*Septiner
*Sercial / Cerceal
*Sereksia
*Siegerrebe
*Silvaner / Sylvaner = Österreicher
*Smederevka
*Spätrot = Zierfandler
*Sultana
*Symphony
*Tamîioasa
*Torrontés
*Trebbiano = Ugni Blanc
*Treixadura / Trajadura
*Trousseau Gris = Grey Riesling
*Verdelho = Gouveio = Godello
*Verdiso / Verdia
*Verdicchio
*Verduzzo Friulano
*Verduzzo Trevigiano
*Vermentino = Rolle
*Vernaccia
*Vilana
*Viognier
*Vitovska
*Viura / Macabeo / Macabeu /Alcañón =
*Welschriesling = Riesling Italico = Olaszrizling = Lazki Rizling
*Würzer
*Xarel·lo / Xarello
*Xynisteri
*Zéta
*Zeusz

Vitis vinifera (wine and table)

Red table grapes

*Black Corinth
*Black Rose
*Muscat
*Red Globe
*Sultana / Thompson Seedless
*Valencia

Green table grapes

*Calmeria
*Perlette
*Sugarone
*Superior Seedless (Menindee Seedless)

"Vitis labrusca" (wine and table)

Wine grapes

*Catawba
*Concord
*Delaware
*Isabella
*Ivy
*Niagara
*Noah

Red table grapes

*Canadice
*Christmas Rose
*Crimson Seedless
*Emperor
*Flame Seedless
*Rouge
*Ruby Seedless
*Swenson Red
*Tudor Premium Red

Purple table grapes

*Autumn Royal
*Beauty Seedless
*Bluebell
*Concord
*Fantasy Seedless
*Marroo
*Niabell
*Ribier

Varied/Other

*Himrod (white)
*Interlaken (white)

"Vitis riparia" (wine grape rootstock and hybridization source)

*Riparia Gloire
*Riparia Grand Glabre
*Riparia Scribner
*Riparia Martin

"Vitis rotundifolia" (table and wine)

*Muscadine
*Scuppernong

"Vitis aestivalis" (wine)

* Norton / Cynthiana

"Vitis mustangensis" (wine)

* Mustang Grape

Multispecies hybrid grapes

Vinifera hybrids (wine)

Hybrid grape varieties (see Hybrid grapes) or "hybrids" is, in fact, the popular term for a subset of what are properly known as "hybrids", specifically crossings between one species of the genus vitis and another. The scientific definition of a hybrid grape is any crossing (intra- or inter-specific) of two grape varieties. In keeping with the popular definition, however, the ones listed below are inter-specific hybrids where one parent is a European grape.

*Agawam, "Vitis labrusca" x "Vitis vinifera"
*Aurora
*Aurore
*Baco 22A (Baco blanc)
*Baco noir (Baco 1)
*Cayuga White
*Chambourcin
*Chancellor
*Chardonel
*Chelois
*Couderc Noir
*De Chaunac
*Edelweiss
*Elvira
*Esprit
*Kay Gray
*L'Ambertille
*La Crosse
*Léon Millot
*Marechal Foch
*Melody
*Ravat
*Rayon d'Or
*Regent
*Rondo
*Rougeon
*Solaris
*St. Croix
*St. Pepin
*Seyval Blanc
*Traminette
*Vidal Blanc
*Vignoles / Ravat 51
*Villard Blanc

Vinifera hybrids (table)

*Kyoho, "Vitis vinifera" x "Vitis labrusca"
*Honey Red

Non-vinifera hybrids (table)

*Beta, "Vitis labrusca" X "Vitis riparia"

Non-vinifera hybrids (rootstock)

*110R

ee also

*Annual growth cycle of grapevines

Further reading

*cite book
last = Robinson
first = Jancis
authorlink = Jancis Robinson
title = Vines, Grapes and Wines
publisher = Mitchell Beazley
date = 2002
isbn = 1-85732-999-6

*cite book
last = Clarke
first = Oz
authorlink = Oz Clarke
title = Grapes and Wines
publisher = Little, Brown and Company
date = 2001
isbn = 0-316-85726-2

External links

* [http://www.frenchscout.com/types-of-wines Most common varietal wines]
* [http://www.stratsplace.com/hawkins/wgg.html Winegrape glossary]
* [http://www.twis.info/grapes 300 Grape varieties for wine]
* [http://www.grapesfromcalifornia.com/varieties.html California Table Grape Commission - Varieties]


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