Global Climate Observing System

The Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) is an international institution co-sponsored by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), and the International Council for Science (ICSU). GCOS is intended to be a long-term, user-driven operational system capable of providing the comprehensive observations required for monitoring the climate system, for detecting and attributing climate change, for assessing the impacts of climate variability and change, and for supporting research toward improved understanding, modelling and prediction of the climate system. It addresses the total climate system including physical, chemical and biological properties, and atmospheric, oceanic, hydrologic, cryospheric and terrestrial processes.

The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has strongly supported the need for systematic climate observations in the GCOS plan and in its recent Conference of the Parties-15 in Copenhagen in December 2009 urged nations to work towards addressing the priorities and gaps identified in the planning for GCOS, in particular the implementation of regional action plans and ensuring sustained long-term operation of networks particularly for the oceanic and terrestrial domains. [1]

Contents

Science Panels

GCOS is directed by a Steering Committee which has created three Science Panels. The Steering Committee and the Science Panels are assisted by the GCOS Secretariat, located at the headquarters of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in Geneva, Switzerland.

Atmospheric Observation Panel for Climate

The Atmospheric Observation Panel for Climate's (AOPC) primary responsibilities are to identify the needs for observations in the areas of meteorology and atmospheric chemistry and to facilitate the establishment or enhancement of networks to obtain them.

Ocean Observations Panel for Climate

The Ocean Observations Panel for Climate is charged with making recommendations for a sustained global ocean observing system for climate in support of the goals of its sponsors. This includes recommendations for phased implementation. The Panel also aids in the development of strategies for evaluation and evolution of the system and of its recommendations, and supports global ocean observing activities by interested parties through liaison and advocacy for the agreed observing plans. It is jointly sponsored by the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) of IOC.

Terrestrial Observation Panel for Climate

The Terrestrial Observation Panel for Climate (TOPC) was set up to develop a balanced and integrated system of in situ and satellite observations of the terrestrial-ecosystem. It is jointly sponsored by GCOS and the Global Terrestrial Observing System (GTOS) of FAO, to fulfil their needs for climate-related observations.

GCOS Surface Network

The GCOS Surface network is a world wide co-operative system of global climate monitoring. An example is Australia, which has Reference Climate Stations (RCS), GCOS Surface Network stations (GSN) and combined stations for both systems [2]

External links

References

  1. ^ "Systematic Climate Observations". UNFCC. 2009. http://unfccc.int/files/meetings/cop_15/application/pdf/cop15_sco_auv.pdf. Retrieved 2009-12-28. 
  2. ^ Australia. Bureau of Meteorology & Australian Greenhouse Office & National Committee for Climate and Global Change (Australia) (2005). Climate activities in Australia 2005 : a report on Australian participation in international scientific climate programs Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne - page 34 and map on figure 2.3 of the GSN, and RCS stations

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Global Climate Observing System — Das Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) ist eine weltweite Einrichtung zur Klimabeobachtung. Das System wird von der World Meteorological Organization (WMO), der International Oceanographic Commission (IOC) der UNESCO, dem United Nations… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Global Earth Observation System of Systems — GEOSS redirects here. GEOSS may also refer to the Geometric Centre of the Republic of Slovenia. The Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) is being built by the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) on the basis of a 10 Year… …   Wikipedia

  • Global Sea Level Observing System — The Global Sea Level Observing System (GLOSS) is an Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission program whose purpose is to measure sea level globally for long term climate change studies. The program s purpose has changed since the 2004 Indian… …   Wikipedia

  • Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate — COSMIC Operator COSMIC Major contractors Orbital Sciences Corporation Mission type Meteorology, Ionosphere, Climatology, and …   Wikipedia

  • Earth Observing System — Das Earth Observing System (englisch für Erdbeobachtungssystem), kurz EOS, ist ein Forschungsprogramm der NASA, zu dem eine Reihe künstlicher Satelliten mit wissenschaftlichen Instrumenten im Erdorbit gehören. Diese Erdbeobachtungssatelliten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Earth Observing System — (EOS) est un programme de l agence spatiale américaine de la NASA qui regroupe un ensemble de satellites chargés de collecter des données sur de longues périodes sur la surface de la Terre, la biosphère, l atmosphère terrestre et les océans de la …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Climate Reference Network — The Climate Reference Network is a network of climate stations in the USA now being developed as part of a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) initiative.[1] The goal of its implementation is to provide future long term… …   Wikipedia

  • Global warming controversy — refers to a variety of disputes, significantly more pronounced in the popular media than in the scientific literature,[1][2] regarding the nature, causes, and consequences of global warming. The disputed issues involve the causes of increased… …   Wikipedia

  • Global positioning system — Pour les articles homonymes, voir GPS (homonymie). Le Global Positioning System plus connu par son sigle GPS, que l on peut traduire en français par « système de positionnement mondial » ou encore (en respectant le sigle) Géo… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Global Precipitation Measurement — GPM déployé Caractéristiques Organisation N …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.