List of former German colonies

This is a list of former German Empire colonies and protectorates ( _de. Schutzgebiete), the German colonial empire.

Welser colonies

America

*Little Venice ("Klein Venedig") (see German colonization of the Americas)

Brandenburger-Prussian colonies

Africa

*Groß Friedrichsburg (in Ghana), 1683–1718
*Arguin (in Mauretania), 1685–1721
*Whydah, in present Togo ca 1700 (this Brandenburg 'colony' was just a minor point of support, a few dwellings at a site where British and Dutch had theirs too)

America

*Saint Thomas (Caribbean, now in the United States Virgin Islands), brandenburg Lease territory in the Danish West Indies; 1685–1720)
*Island of Crabs/"Krabbeninsel" (Caribbean, now in USA), brandenburgische Annexion in the Danish West Indies; 1689–1693 )
*Tertholen (Caribbean sea; 1696)


thumb|400px|German colonies">legend|#0000AA|German Empirelegend|#FFFF00|"little Venice" (1529-1556)

German imperial colonies

Africa

*German East Africa - ("Deutsch-Ostafrika")
**"Tanganyika"; after World War I a British League of Nations mandate, which in 1962 became independent and in 1964 joined with former British protectorate of the sultanate of Zanzibar to form present-day Tanzania.
**"Ruanda-Urundi": 1885 – 1917
***Rwanda (present-day)
***Burundi (present-day)
**"Wituland" 1885 – 1890, since in Kenya
**"Kionga Triangle", since 1920 (earlier occupied) in Portuguese Mozambique
*German South West Africa - ("Deutsch-Südwestafrika")
**Namibia (present-day) except then-British Walvis Bay ("Walvisbaai")
*Botswana - ("Südrand des Caprivi-Zipfels")
*German West Africa ("Deutsch-Westafrika") - existed as one unit only for two or three years, then split into two colonies due to distances:
**"Kamerun" 1884 – 1914 ; after World War I separated in a British part, Cameroons, and a French Cameroun, which became present Cameroon. The British part was later split in half, with one part joining Nigeria and the other Cameroon. ("Kamerun, Nigeria-Ostteil, Tschad-Südwestteil, Zentralafrikanische Republik-Westteil, Republik Kongo-Nordostteil, Gabun-Nordteil")
**"Togoland" 1884 – 1914 ; after World War I separated into two parts: a British part ("Ghana-Westteil"), which joined Ghana, and a French one, which became Togo

Pacific

*German New Guinea ("Deutsch-Neuguinea", today Papua-New-Guinea; 1884 – 1914)
**Kaiser-Wilhelmsland
**Bismarck Archipelago ("Bismarck-Archipel")
**German Solomon Islands or Northern Solomon Islands ("Salomonen" or "Nördliche Salomon-Inseln", 1885–1899)
**Bougainville ("Bougainville-Insel", 1888–1919)
**Nauru (1888–1919)
**German Marshall Islands ("Marshallinseln"; 1885–1919)
**Mariana Islands ("Marianen", 1899–1919)
**Caroline Islands ("Karolinen", 1899 – 1919)
***Federated States of Micronesia ("Mikronesien", 1899–1919)
***Palau (1899–1919)

*German Samoa (German Western Samoa, or Western Samoa; 1899-1919/45)
**Samoa (1900-1914)

China

*Jiaozhou Bay (1898-1914)

Other

* Hanauish Indies ()
* Southern Brazil
* Ernst Thälmann Island
* New Swabia was a part of Antarctica, claimed by Nazi Germany 19 January 1939 - 25 May 1945, but not effectively colonized; the claim was completely abandoned afterward
* German Antarctic stations
** Georg von Neumayer station("1981-1993")
*** Neumayer Station ("1993-present")
** Filchner station("1982-1999")
** Gondwana station ("1983-present")
** Georg Forster station("1985-present")
** Drescher station ("1986-present")
** Dallmann Laboratory ("1994-present")
** Kohnen Station ("2001-present")
* German Arctic stations
** Koldewey station, Spitsbergen ("1991-present")

See also

* German colonization of the Americas
* German colonial empire
* Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty

ources and external links

* [http://www.reverso.net/url/result.asp?directions=65540&templates=0&autotranslate=on&baseurl=http://www.deutsche-schutzgebiete.de/menueleiste.htm&url=http://www.deutsche-kaiserreich.de/ German colonies ]
* [http://www.worldstatesmen.org/COLONIES.html#German WorldStatesmen]
* [http://www.ideamarketers.com/library/printarticle.cfm?articleid=193488 German Colonies in Asia and the Pacific]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of former European colonies — This is a list of former European colonies. North America France *Canada (most of eastern and central Canada) *United States (entire basin of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers, Great Lakes) Britain *American territories east of the Mississippi… …   Wikipedia

  • List of former Austrian colonies — This is a list of former Austrian Empire colonies (German: Schutzgebiete ), the Austrian colonial policy. Ostend company India*Cabelon (1722 1727) *Banquibazar (1722 1727) Austrian imperial colonies Asia *Nicobar islands (1778 1783) *Sabah (1878… …   Wikipedia

  • List of former sovereign states — This page attempts to list the many extinct sovereign states, countries, nations, empires or territories that have ceased to exist as political entities, grouped geographically and by constitutional nature. Contents 1 Criteria for inclusion 2… …   Wikipedia

  • German South-West Africa — Deutsch Südwestafrika German colony 1884–1915 …   Wikipedia

  • German East Africa — Protectorate of German East Africa Schutzgebiet Deutsch Ostafrika German colony ← …   Wikipedia

  • German Empire — This article is about the unified German monarchy existing from 1871 to 1918. For Germany before 1806, see Holy Roman Empire. For Germany between 1918 and 1933, see Weimar Republic. For Germany between 1933 and 1945, see Nazi Germany. For German… …   Wikipedia

  • German colonial empire — The German colonial empire was an overseas area formed in the late 19th century as part of the Hohenzollern dynasty s German Empire. Short lived colonial efforts by individual German states had occurred in preceding centuries, but Imperial… …   Wikipedia

  • Colonies allemandes — L histoire du colonialisme allemand commence dès l époque médiévale sur les marches orientales de l Europe avec le « Drang nach Osten ». L initiative de ce mouvement d expansion est parfois attribuée à Charlemagne qui, ne pouvant plus s …   Wikipédia en Français

  • German New Guinea — Deutsch Neuguinea German colony ← …   Wikipedia

  • List of sovereign states by date of formation — Below is a list of sovereign states by formation dates, sorted by continent. This list includes only the 194 sovereign states currently in existence; it does not include former sovereign states. For proposed states or various indigenous nations… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.