- Hudson Valley
Regions of New York series Regions: Timelines of town creation:
- Timeline of town creation in Downstate New York
- Timeline of town creation in the Hudson Valley
- Timeline of town creation in New York's Capital District
- Timeline of town creation in New York's North Country
- Timeline of town creation in Central New York
- Timeline of town creation in New York's Southern Tier
- Timeline of town creation in Western New York
Lists of Administrative divisions of
The Hudson Valley comprises the valley of the Hudson River and its adjacent communities in New York State, United States, from northern Westchester County northward to the cities of Albany and Troy.
At the time of the arrival of the first Europeans in the 17th century, the area of Hudson Valley was inhabited primarily by the Algonquian-speaking Mahican and Munsee Native American people, known collectively as River Indians.
The first Dutch settlement was in the 1610s with the establishment of Fort Nassau, a trading post (factorij) south of modern-day Albany, with the purpose of exchanging European goods for beaver pelts. Fort Nassau was later replaced by Fort Orange. During the rest of the 17th century, the Hudson Valley formed the heart of the New Netherland colony operations, with the New Amsterdam settlement on Manhattan serving as a post for supplies and defense of the upriver operations.
The valley became one of the major regions of conflict during the American Revolution. Part of the early strategy of the British was to sever the colonies in two by maintaining control of the river.
Following the building of the Erie Canal, the area became an important industrial center. The canal opened the Hudson Valley and New York City to commerce with the Midwest and Great Lakes regions. However, in the mid 20th century, many of the industrial towns went into decline.
In the early 19th century, popularized by the stories of Washington Irving, the Hudson Valley gained a reputation as a somewhat gothic region inhabited by the remnants of the early days of the Dutch colonization of New York (see, e.g., The Legend of Sleepy Hollow). The area is associated with the Hudson River School, a group of American Romantic painters who worked from about 1830 to 1870.
The natural beauty of the Hudson Valley has earned the Hudson River the nickname "America's Rhineland", a comparison to the famous 40 mile (65 km) stretch of Germany's Rhine River valley between the cities of Bingen and Koblenz. A similar 30-mile (48 km) stretch of the east bank in Dutchess and Columbia counties has been designated a National Historic Landmark.
Geology and physiography
Hudson river pollution
The numerous factories that at one time lined the Hudson River poured garbage and industrial waste directly into the river.This pollution was not assessed in a comprehensive fashion until the 1970s. By that time, the largest company still operating factories in the area was General Electric, which became primarily responsible for cleaning the Hudson River. In 2009 dredging was started to remove contaminated sediments from the river bed and in 2010 General Electric agreed to finance and conduct a second dredging campaign at the Upper Hudson River between Fort Edward and Troy. These works will be supervised by the United States Environmental Protection Agency.
The Hudson Valley Rebels are the Hudson Valley's Premiere Rugby union club. The Hudson Valley Rebels are members of the Metropolitan New York Rugby Football Union and were established in 2001. Their home pitch is Beacon Memorial Park, in Beacon.
The Hudson Valley Highlanders of the North American Football League play their home games at Dietz Stadium in Kingston.
The Hudson Valley Horrors are the region's first non-urban flat track women's roller derby team and are part of the grass-roots derby revival. They currently practice and host bouts at Hyde Park Roller Magic in Hyde Park.
The Rockland Boulders of the Can-Am Professional Baseball League play in Rockland County.
The Hudson Valley is divided into three regions: Lower, Middle and Upper. The following is a list of the counties within the Hudson Valley sorted by region.
Upper Hudson/Capital District
Cities and towns
- ^ "Mountains, Valleys and the Hudson River". Hudson Valley Tourism. 2009. http://www.travelhudsonvalley.org/. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- ^ Ruttenberg, Edward Manning (1872). History of the Indian tribes of Hudson's River: Their Origin, Manners and Customs, Tribal and Sub-tribal Organizations, Wars, Treaties, etc.. Albany, NY: J. Munsell. OCLC 85801464. http://www.archive.org/details/historyindiantr01ruttgoog.
- ^ Wermuth, Thomas S.; Johnson, James M.; Pryslopski, Christopher, eds (2009). America's first river: the history and culture of the Hudson River Valley. State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0615308296.
- ^ Dunn, Shirley W. (2009). The River Indians – Mohicans Making History. Purple Mountain Press. ISBN 978-0916346782.
- ^ Gehring, Charles T.; Starna, William A., "Dutch and Indians in the Hudson Valley: The Early Period". Wermuth et al., pp. 13–29.
- ^ Thomas, A and Smith, P; Upstate down: thinking about New York and its discontents University Press of America 2009, p78
- ^ Glatthaar, Joseph T., and Martin, James Kirby (2007). Forgotten Allies: The Oneida Indians and the American Revolution, p. 39. Macmillan. ISBN 0809046008.
- ^ Stanne, Stephen P., et al. (1996). The Hudson: An Illustrated Guide to the Living River, p. 120. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 0813522714.
- ^ Hirschl, Thomas A.; Heaton, Tim B. (1999). New York State in the 21st Century. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 126–128. ISBN 027596339X.
- ^ Dunwell, Francis F. (2008). The Hudson: America's river. Columbia University Press. p. 100. ISBN 978-0231136419.
- ^ Collins, Clay (2011-01-01). "Venison juniper berry marinade". The Christian Science Monitor. http://www.csmonitor.com/The-Culture/Food/Stir-It-Up/2011/0103/Venison-juniper-berry-marinade. Retrieved 2011-09-29. "Christmas at my German in-laws’ house in New York’s Hudson Valley – America’s Rhineland – means goose, red cabbage, and klösse (potato dumplings)."
- ^ "Grapes of the Hudson Valley". Hudson Valley Wine Magazine. http://www.hvwinemag.com/Grapes_riesling.html. Retrieved 2011-09-29. "The Hudson Valley’s beautiful river, shorelines and mountains have led some to call our valley ‘America’s Rhineland.’"
- ^ "Physiographic divisions of the conterminous U. S.". U.S. Geological Survey. http://water.usgs.gov/GIS/metadata/usgswrd/XML/physio.xml. Retrieved 2007-12-06.
- ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Hudson River PCBs. New York, NY: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.epa.gov/hudson/faqs.htm. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
- ^ Silverman, B et al; Frommer's New York State Frommer's 2009, p196
- Donaldson Eberlein, Harold; Van Dyke Hubbard, Cortlandt (1942). Historic houses of the Hudson valley. New York: Architectural Book Pub. Co. OCLC 3444265.
- Historic Hudson Valley (1991). Visions of Washington Irving: Selected Works From the Collections of Historic Hudson Valley. Tarrytown, NY: Historic Hudson Valley. ISBN 9780912882994.
- Hudson Valley Health Systems Agency (1993). Health Maintenance Organizations in the Hudson Valley Region. Tuxedo, NY: Hudson Valley Health Systems Agency. OCLC 30910810.
- McMurry, James; Jones, Jeff (1974). The Catskill Witch and Other Tales of the Hudson Valley. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press. ISBN 9780815601050.
- Mylod, John (1969). Biography of a River: The People and Legends of the Hudson Valley. New York: Hawthorn Books. OCLC 33563.
- Howat, John K. (1972). The Hudson River and Its Painters. New York: Viking Press. ISBN 9780670385584.
- Marks, Alfred H. (1973). Literature of the Mid Hudson Valley: A Preliminary Study. New Paltz, NY: Center for Continuing Education, State University College. OCLC 1171631.
- Talbott, Hudson (2009). River of Dreams: The Story of the Hudson River. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. ISBN 9780399245213.
- Wallkill Valley Publishing Association (1904). The Historic Wallkill and Hudson River Valleys. Walden, NY: Wallkill Valley Publishing Association. OCLC 13418978. http://www.archive.org/details/historicwallkill07wall.
- Wharton, Edith (1929). Hudson River Bracketed. New York: D. Appleton & Company. OCLC 297188.
- Wilkinson Reynolds, Helen (1965). Dutch houses in the Hudson Valley before 1776. New York: Dover Publications. OCLC 513732.
- Hudson River Valley National Heritage Area
- Hudson River Valley Greenway
- Hudson River Valley Heritage: digital collection of historical materials
- Livingston-Svirsky Archive (LiSA)
- Greene County, New York
Capital District of New York Central communities Largest communities
(over 20,000 in 2000)
(10,000 to 20,000 in 2000)
(5,000 to 10,000 in 2000)
Counties History Geography Religion and culture EducationPublic school districtsList of school districts in New York's Capital DistrictHigher education Newspapers TV/Radio Broadcast television in the Capital District Local stations
WRGB (6.1 CBS, 6.2 This TV) • WTEN (10.1 ABC, 10.2 Weather, 10.3 RTV) • WNYT (13.1 NBC, 13.2 Weather, 13.3 Weather Radar) • WMHT (17.1 PBS, 17.2 ThinkBright, 17.3 HD) • WXXA (23.1 Fox, 23.2 The Cool TV) • WNGN-LP 35 / WNGX-LP 42 (FN) • WCWN (45.1 The CW, 45.2 Uni Sp) • WNYA / WNYA-CD (51.1 MNTV, 51.2 Antenna TV) • W52DF 52 (silent)
Outlying area stations
WVBK-CA 2 (RSN' Manchester, VT) • W04AJ 4 (PBS; Glens Falls) • W04BD 4 (PBS; Schoharie) •
WNCE-CA 8 (A1; Glens Falls) • WYBN-CA 14 (RSN; Cobleskill) • WCDC (19.1 ABC; Adams, MA) • WVBG-LP 25 (RSN; Greenwich) • W36AX 36 (PBS / VPT; Manchester, VT) • W47CM 47 (silent; Glens Falls) • WYPX (55.1 Ion, 55.2 qubo, 55.3 Life; Amsterdam) • W53AS 53 (PBS / VPT; Bennington, VT)
Adjacent locals Cable-only stations Defunct stations
New York State television: Albany/Schenectady • Binghamton • Buffalo • Burlington/Plattsburgh • Elmira • New York City • Rochester • Syracuse • Utica • Watertown
Vermont Broadcast television: Albany/Schenectady • Boston, MA • Burlington/Plattsburgh
Massachusetts television: Albany • Boston • Providence • Springfield
Radio stations in the Albany / Schenectady / Troy market by FM frequency88.3 · 89.1² · 89.7 · 89.9 · 90.3/93.1² · 90.7/94.9 · 90.7 · 90.7 · 90.9 · 91.1 · 91.5 · 92.3 · 92.9 · 93.5 · 93.7 · 94.5 · 94.7 · 95.5 · 95.9 · 96.3 · 96.7 · 97.3 · 97.5 · 97.7 · 97.9 · 98.3² · 98.5 · 98.5 · 99.1 · 99.5² · 100.3 · 100.9 · 101.3 · 101.7 · 101.9 · 102.3² · 102.7 · 103.1² · 103.5 · 103.9 · 104.5 · 104.9 · 105.7² · 106.1 · 106.5² · 107.1 · 107.7² by AM frequency NOAA Weather Radio frequency162.550 by callsignW226AC · W235AY · W256BU · W291BY · WABY · WAJZ · WAMC (AM) · WAMC-FM² · WBAR · WBPM · WCDB · WCKL · WCKM · WCQL · WCSS · WCTW · WDCD · WDCD-FM · WDDY² · WENT · WEQX · WEXT · WFFG · WFLY · WFNY · WGDJ · WGNA² · WGXC · WGY¹² · WGY-FM² · WHAZ · WHAZ-FM · WHUC · WHVP · WIZR · WJIV · WKBE · WKKF² · WKLI · WLJH · WMHT² · WMYY · WNYQ · WOFX² · WOPG · WPGL · WPYX² · WQAR · WQBJ · WQBK · WQSH² · WRIP · WROW · WRPI · WRUC · WRVE² · WSDE · WTMM · WTRY² · WUAM · WVCR · WVKZ · WVTL · WXL34 · WYAI · WYJB · WYKV · WZCR · WZMR Defunct stations
New York Radio Markets: Albany-Schenectady-Troy • Binghamton • Buffalo-Niagara Falls • Elmira-Corning • Hamptons-Riverhead • Ithaca • Nassau-Suffolk (Long Island) • New York City • Newburgh-Middletown (Mid Hudson Valley) • Olean • Plattsburgh • Poughkeepsie • Rochester • Syracuse • Utica-Rome • Watertown
Other New York Radio Regions: Jamestown-Dunkirk • North Country • Saratoga
Capital District Portal New York-Newark-Bridgeport Combined Statistical Area Counties Major city Cities and towns
Cities and towns
25k–99kBayonne • Branford • Cheshire • Clifton • Danbury • East Haven • East Orange • Englewood • Fairfield • Garfield • Greenwich • Hackensack • Hamden • Hoboken • Howell, New Jersey Kearny • Long Beach • Long Branch • Meriden • Middletown • Milford • Mount Vernon • Naugatuck • New Brunswick • New Milford • New Rochelle • Newburgh • Newtown • Norwalk • Passaic • Perth Amboy • Plainfield • Poughkeepsie • Rahway • Shelton • Stratford • Torrington • Trenton • Trumbull • Union City • Wallingford • West Haven • Westfield • Westport • White Plains
Cities and towns
10k–25kAnsonia • Asbury Park • Beacon • Bethel • Brookfield • Darien • Derby • Dover • Guildford • Guttenberg • Harrison (NJ) • Harrison (NY) • Kingston • Linden • Madison • Monroe • Morristown • New Canaan • New Fairfield • North Branford • North Haven • Orange • Plymouth • Peekskill • Ridgefield • Rye • Scarsdale • Secaucus • Seymour • Southbury • Summit • Watertown • West New York • Weston • Wilton • Winchester • Wolcott
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Look at other dictionaries:
Hudson Valley — Sp Hãdsono slėnis Ap Hudson Valley L JAV (Niujorko v ja) … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Hudson Valley Renegades — Founded in 1983 Fishkill, New York Team Logo … Wikipedia
Hudson Valley Bears — Gründung 2008 Auflösung 2009 Geschichte Hudson Valley Bears 2008 – 2009 Standort Newburgh, New York Liga … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hudson Valley Mall — is a shopping mall located in Kingston, New York. It is the lone mall in Ulster County and is the only mall located between Poughkeepsie and Albany. Owned and managed by The Pyramid Companies, the mall opened in 1981 and has an area of 765,000… … Wikipedia
Hudson Valley Quickstrike Lady Blues — Full name Hudson Valley Quickstrike Lady Blues Nickname(s) The Blues Founded 2006 … Wikipedia
Hudson Valley Resort & Spa — (Kerhonkson,США) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: 400 Granite R … Каталог отелей
Hudson Valley Hotel and Conference Center by Fairbridge — (Newburgh,США) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес … Каталог отелей
Hudson Valley English — is a special dialect of the English language, found mainly in the Upstate New York regions around the Hudson Valley of the state. A very small number of the phrases that the people there use are derived from the Dutch language. Although it is… … Wikipedia
Hudson Valley Community College — Infobox University name = Hudson Valley Community College motto = The Community s College established = 1953 type = Public faculty = president = Dr. Andrew J. Matonak students = 12,000 undergrad = postgrad = doctoral = city = Troy state = NY… … Wikipedia
Hudson Valley (magazine) — Infobox Magazine title = Hudson Valley image size = 225px image caption = February 2006 issue of Hudson Valley publisher = Ralph Martinelli paid circulation = unpaid circulation = readership = 150,000 circulation year = language = English… … Wikipedia