Alignment

Alignment is the adjustment of an object in relation with other objects, or a static orientation of some object or set of objects in relation to others.
* An alignment of megaliths: see stone row.
* An alignment (archaeology) in archaeology is a secondary or circumstantial form of evidence used to associate features such as postholes
* Alignment (role-playing games) refers to the moral and ethical perspective of the player characters, non-player characters, monsters, and societies in the game. :* This meaning applies in particular to alignment in the "Dungeons & Dragons" role-playing game.It has a more specific meaning in some disciplines:
* Business/IT alignment, Business/IT alignment optimizes the relational mechanisms between the business and IT organization by working on the IT effectiveness of the organization in order to maximise the business value from IT.
* Typographic alignment, in typesetting, lines of text or images can be aligned left, right, centered or justified.
* Sequence alignment shows similarities between protein or nucleic acid sequences (also in bioinformatics).
* Structural alignment presents similarities in 3D structure of protein molecules.
* Strategic alignment refers to business structure and information technology fit in relation to business strategy and external environment. When alignment is attained firm gains competitive advantage and increase performance. Strategic information systems belong in this category.
* Wheel alignment in an automobile means adjustment of the camber, castor, and/or toe to improve performance and maintain proper tire wear characteristics of the car
* Data structure alignment, in computer programming, refers to arranging data in memory
* Parallel text alignment, in artificial intelligence
* Ontology alignment, in heterogeneous knowledge bases, the expression of the correspondences between two ontologies is called ontology alignment
* Body alignment, in sport and dance, the proper placement of the bones so that the muscles do less work [ [http://www.alignment.org] , pages give information about physical alignment with sessions.]
* Morphosyntactic alignment, in linguistics, the properties determining the grammatical relationship between verbal arguments of various kinds
* Fibre alignment, in optoelectronics, to connect two Optical fibers to each other
* Shaft alignment, in mechanical engineering, to adjust two coupled rotating machines
* Planetary alignment, another term for Syzygy in astronomy

Other fields where the term "alignment" has a particular meaning:
* Ley line, an interpretation of an alignment of a number of places of geographical interest, such as ancient megaliths.
* In integrated circuit fabrication, alignment is the step in a photolithographic process in which a mask used to pattern a layer of the circuit is registered in its x-y position with respect to the wafer (usually silicon) on which the circuit is being formed.

The Alignment was also a political party in Israel from 1965 to 1992.

ee also

*Unaligned

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alignment — (engl. für „Ausrichtung“, „Anordnung“, Positionierung auf Linie ) bezeichnet: Sequenzalignment, in Biologie und Bioinformatik die Untersuchung biologischer Sequenzen (wie Nukleinsäure oder Aminosäuresequenzen) auf funktionelle oder evolutionäre… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • alignment — [ə līn′mənt] n. 1. an aligning or being aligned; esp., a) arrangement in a straight line b) a condition of close cooperation [a new alignment of European nations] 2. a line or lines formed by aligning 3. Engineering a ground plan, as of a… …   English World dictionary

  • Alignment — A*lign ment, n. [F. alignement.] 1. The act of adjusting to a line; arrangement in a line or lines; the state of being so adjusted; a formation in a straight line; also, the line of adjustment; esp., an imaginary line to regulate the formation of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • alignment — index affiliation (connectedness), confederacy (compact), league, persuasion, relationship (connection) …   Law dictionary

  • Alignment —   [engl.], Ausrichtung …   Universal-Lexikon

  • alignment — (n.) 1790, arrangement in a line, from Fr. alignement, from aligner (see ALIGN (Cf. align)). Political sense is from 1933 …   Etymology dictionary

  • alignment — [n] lining up adjustment, arrangement, calibration, order, positioning, sequence, sighting; concepts 721,727 …   New thesaurus

  • alignment — noun 1 arrangement in correct position ADJECTIVE ▪ correct, proper VERB + ALIGNMENT ▪ bring sth into PREPOSITION ▪ in alignment …   Collocations dictionary

  • alignment — [1] When referring to wheel alignment, it is the proper adjustment of a vehicle s front or rear suspension for camber, toe in, toe out, kingpin inclination or steering axis inclination, and turning radius or toe out on turns, caster, and ride… …   Dictionary of automotive terms

  • alignment — a|lign|ment [əˈlaınmənt] n 1.) [U] the state of being arranged in a line with something or parallel to something alignment of ▪ the geometrical alignment of the Sun, Moon and Earth at the eclipse out of/into alignment ▪ The wheels were out of… …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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