Sheet weavers Drapetisca alteranda Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Arachnida Order: Araneae Suborder: Araneomorphae Superfamily: Araneoidea Family: Linyphiidae
Subfamilies Diversity 570 genera, >4.300 species
Linyphiidae is a family of spiders, including more than 4,300 described species in 578 genera worldwide. This makes Linyphiidae the second largest family of spiders after the Salticidae. New species are still being discovered throughout the world, and the family is poorly known. Because of the difficulty in identifying such tiny spiders, there are regular changes in taxonomy as species are combined or divided.
Spiders in this family are commonly known as sheet weavers (from the shape of their webs), or money spiders (in the United Kingdom, Ireland and in Portugal, from the superstition that if such a spider is seen running on you, it has come to spin you new clothes, meaning financial good fortune).
Common genera include Neriene, Lepthyphantes, Erigone, Eperigone, Bathyphantes, Troglohyphantes, the monotypic genus Tennesseellum and many others. These are among the most abundant spiders in the temperate regions, although many are also found in the tropics. The generally larger bodied members of the subfamily Linyphiinae are commonly found in classic bowl and doily webs or filmy domes. The usually tiny members of the Erigoninae are builders of tiny sheet webs. These tiny spiders (usually 3 mm or less) commonly balloon even as adults and may be very numerous in a given area on one day, only to disappear on the next. Some males of the erigonines are very strange, with their eyes set up on mounds or turrets. This reaches an extreme in some members of the large genus Walckenaeria, where several of the male's eyes are placed on a stalk taller than the carapace.
A few spiders in this family include:
- Bowl and doily spider, Frontinella communis
- Filmy dome spider, Neriene radiata
- Blacktailed red sheetweaver, Florinda coccinea
Spiders of this family occur nearly worldwide. In Norway many species have been found walking on snow at temperatures of down to -7 °C.
- List of Linyphiidae species
- Spider families
- Hormiga, G. (1998). The spider genus Napometa (Araneae, Araneoidea, Linyphiidae). Journal of Arachnology 26:125-132 PDF
- Hormiga, Gustavo (2000): Higher Level Phylogenetics of Erigonine Spiders (Araneae, Linyphiidae, Erigoninae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 609. (160 pages) PDF
- Bosselaers, J & Henderickx, H. (2002) A new Savignia from Cretan caves (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Zootaxa 109:1-8 PDF
- Hågvar, S. & Aakra, K. 2006. Spiders active on snow in Southern Norway. Norw. J. Entomol. 53, 71-82.
- Platnick, Norman I. (2007): The world spider catalog, version 8.0. American Museum of Natural History.
- Frontinella pyramitela web (photo)
- Linyphiidae of the world: genera, species & distribution
- ToL on Linyphiidae
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Look at other dictionaries:
Linyphiidae — [griechisch], wissenschaftlicher Name der Baldachinspinnen … Universal-Lexikon
Linyphiidae — Linyphiidae … Wikipédia en Français
Linyphiidae — Baldachinspinnen Frontinella pyramitela Systematik Ordnung: Webspinnen (Araneae) Unterordnung … Deutsch Wikipedia
linyphiidae — lin·y·phi·idae … English syllables
linyphiidae — ˌlinəˈfīəˌdē noun plural Usage: capitalized Etymology: New Latin, from Linyphia, type genus (from Greek linyphos linen weaver from linon linen, cord, flax + hyphos web + New Latin ia) + idae more at linen … Useful english dictionary
List of Linyphiidae species A-H — This page lists all described species from A to H of the spider family Linyphiidae as of June 13, 2008.Abacoproeces Abacoproeces Simon, 1884 * Abacoproeces molestus Thaler, 1973 Austria * Abacoproeces saltuum (L. Koch, 1872) PalearcticAberdaria… … Wikipedia
List of Linyphiidae species I-P — This page lists all described species from I to P of the spider family Linyphiidae as of June 13, 2008.Ibadana Ibadana Locket Russell Smith, 1980 * Ibadana cuspidata Locket Russell Smith, 1980 Nigeria, CameroonIberoneta Iberoneta Deeleman… … Wikipedia
List of Linyphiidae species Q-Z — This page lists all described species from Q to Z of the spider family Linyphiidae as of June 13, 2008.Racata Racata Millidge, 1995 * Racata grata Millidge, 1995 KrakatauRhabdogyna Rhabdogyna Millidge, 1985 * Rhabdogyna chiloensis Millidge, 1985… … Wikipedia
List of Linyphiidae species — This page is now in the following pages: *List of Linyphiidae species A H *List of Linyphiidae species I P *List of Linyphiidae species Q Z … Wikipedia
Baldachinspinne — Baldachinspinnen Frontinella pyramitela Systematik Ordnung: Webspinnen (Araneae) Unterordnung … Deutsch Wikipedia