31 March Incident
The 31 March Incident ( _tr. 31 Mart Vakası) was a
1909rebellion of reactionaries in İstanbultoward the Countercoup (1909), who attempted to put an end to the nascent Second Constitutional Era in the Ottoman Empireand to the newly-established influence of the Committee of Union and Progress, in order to re-affirm the position of the Sultan Abdulhamid IIas absolute monarch. The incidents actually started not on 31 March 1909despite its name, but on 13 April 1909, that day corresponding to 31 March1325 in the Rumi calendarin use at the time in Turkeyfor official timekeeping.
The counter-coup (
Countercoup (1909)) led by a certain Dervish Vahdetireigned supreme in İstanbulfor a few days. It was put down by "Hareket Ordusu" (The Army of Action) constituted in urgence with troops stationed in the Balkansand which rapidly departed from Selanik. Among the officers who entered the capital was a young captain named Mustafa Kemal.
A few weeks after the re-establishment of order, sultan
Abdulhamid IIhimself was deposed and sent to exile in Selanik, and replaced by his brother Mehmed VReşad.
It has been suggested that the counter-coup against
Countercoup (1909)constituted a breakdown between Britain's relations with Ottoman Empire marking the end of the one year old cooperation. Countercoup (1909)was also believed that it had unlimited British support behind it.
The incident led to a change of
grand vizier, and Ahmed Tevfik Pasha, who later on was also going to be the last grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire, assumed the position.
In memorial of the 74 soldiers killed in action during this event, the Monument of Liberty ( _ot. Abide-i Hürriyet) was erected 1911 in
Şişlidistrict of Istanbul.
* Şeriatçı bir ayaklanma — "A fundamentalist uprising" by [http://www.imge.com.tr/product_info.php?products_id=4566 Sina Akşin] with particular emphasis on British involvement.
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