John Owen (chess player)

John Owen (1827 - 1901) was an English vicar and strong amateur chess player.

In 1858 he won a game against Paul Morphy, which led to a match between the two. Despite being given odds of pawn and the move (meaning he started the game with an extra pawn and always moved first), Owen lost the match 6-1, never winning a game.

His performance in the 1862 London tournament, the first international round-robin event (in which each participant plays every other) was more impressive - he finished third, ahead of future world champion Wilhelm Steinitz, and was the only player to win against the eventual tournament winner, Adolf Anderssen.

Owen is the eponym of Owen's Defence, a chess opening he often played (including in his victory over Morphy) characterised by the moves 1.e4 b6 (in algebraic notation).

External links

* [http://www.chessgames.com/player/john_owen.html Chess games of John Owen ]
* [http://www.chesscafe.com/text/forster21.txt Article by Richard Forster on a match between Owen and Amos Burn] ( [http://www.chesscafe.com/text/forster22.txt second part] )
* [http://it.e-technik.uni-ulm.de/~engelhar/chess/owst1862.html Achim Engelhart's analysis of the Owen-Steinitz, London 1862 endgame]


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