Grand River (Ohio)

Grand River (Ohio)

The Grand River [United States Geological Survey Hydrological Unit Code: 04-11-00-04-{ [fact] is a tributary of Lake Erie, 102.7 mi (165.3 km) long, Ohio Department of Natural Resources. [ "A Guide to Ohio Streams."] [ Chapter 10: Major Ohio Watersheds (pdf)] ] in northeastern Ohio in the United States. [ Columbia Gazetteer of North America entry] ] Via Lake Erie, the Niagara River and Lake Ontario, it is part of the watershed of the St. Lawrence River, which flows to the Atlantic Ocean. It drains an area of 712 mi² (1844 km²).

The Grand River rises in southeastern Geauga County and initially flows eastwardly into Trumbull County. Downstream of West Farmington it turns northward into Ashtabula County, where it passes the village of Rock Creek and then turns westward into Lake County, where it passes the communities of Painesville and Grand River before flowing into Lake Erie at Fairport Harbor. *DeLorme (1991). "Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer". Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-233-1 ]

2006 flood

On July 28, 2006, the Grand River flooded its banks and caused a state of emergency in Lake County due to flooding. [cite news |first=Karen |last=Farkas |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Rain and fury: Floodwaters swamp Lake County homes, roads, carry off boats |url= |work=The Plain Dealer |publisher= |date=2006-07-29 |accessdate=2008-03-18 ] [cite news |first=John Arthur |last=Hutchison |authorlink= |coauthors=David W. Jones |title=Taft declares Lake County in emergency status |url= |work=The News-Herald |publisher= |date=2006-07-29 |accessdate=2008-10-09 ] The river reached 11 feet above flood level, a 500-year flood, due to a 1,000-year 48-hour rain. [" [ Lake County, Ohio, flood exceeded 500-year level] ," United States Geological Survey press release, August 7, 2006] [" [ Flood of July 27–31, 2006, on the Grand River near Painesville, Ohio: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2007–1164] ," United States Geological Survey (Ebner/Sherwood/Astifan/Lombardy), 2007] The flooding was so powerful that it caused a tributary (Paine Creek) to change course in at least one location. [cite news |first=Maggi |last=Martin |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=Bridge reopens; wineries rejoice: Repair closes gap in tourist route |url= |work=The Plain Dealer |publisher= |date=2007-08-13 |accessdate=2008-03-18 ] The area was subsequently declared a Federal Disaster area. [Federal Emergency Management Agency, [ Ohio Severe Storms, Straight Line Winds, and Flooding - Declared August 1, 2006] ]

Variant names

According to the Geographic Names Information System, the Grand River has also been known historically as: [ Gnis|1066727|Grand River ]
*Grande Riviere
*Chereage River
*Chocago River
*Chogage River
*Geauga River
*Geaugah River
*Riviere Charage
*Sheauga River

ee also

*List of Ohio rivers


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